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    JEREMIAH 51

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    1 The severe judgment of God against Babylon, in revenge of Israel. 59 Jeremiah delivers the book of this prophecy to Seraiah, to be cast into Euphrates, in token of the perpetual sinking of Babylon. VERSE 1 - I will. * Jer 50:9,14-16,21 Isa 13:3-5 Am 3:6 - midst. Heb. heart. rise. See on ch. * Jer 50:24,29,33 Zec 2:8 Ac 9:4 - a destroying wind. See on ch. * Jer 4:11,12; 49:36 2Ki 19:7 Eze 19:12 Ho 13:15 VERSE 2 - fanners. * Jer 15:7 Isa 41:16 Eze 5:12 Mt 3:12 - in the day. * :27,28; 50:14,15,29,32 VERSE 3 - let the. * Jer 50:14,41,42 - brigandine. * Jer 46:4 - spare. * Jer 9:21; 50:27,30 De 32:25 Ps 137:9 Isa 13:10-18 Jas 13 2:13 - destroy. * Jer 50:21 VERSE 4 - thrust. * Jer 49:26; 50:30,37 Isa 13:15; 14:19 VERSE 5 - Israel. * Jer 33:24-26; 46:28; 50:4,5,20 1Sa 12:22 1Ki 6:13 Ezr 9:9 Ps 94:14 * Isa 44:21; 49:14,15; 54:3-11; 62:12 Ho 1:10 Am 9:8,9 Ro 11:1,2 - nor. * Zec 2:12; 12:6,8 - though. * Jer 16:18; 19:4; 23:15; 31:37 2Ki 21:16 Eze 8:17; 9:9; 22:24-31 Ho 4:1 * Mic 7:18,20 Zep 3:1-4 VERSE 6 - Flee. * :9,45,50; 50:8,28 Isa 48:20 Zec 2:6,7 Re 18:4 - be not. * Ge 19:15-17 Nu 16:26 Pr 13:20 1Ti 5:22 - for this. * :11; 27:7; 46:10; 50:8,15,28,31 De 32:25,41,43 Re 16:19; 18:5,6 - he will render. * Jer 25:14,16 VERSE 7 - a golden. * Isa 14:4 Da 2:32,38 Re 17:4 - the nations. See on ch. * Jer 25:9,14-27 Da 3:1-7 Hab 2:15,16 Re 14:8; 17:2; 18:3,23; 19:2 - are mad. * Jer 25:16; 50:38 VERSE 8 - suddenly. * :41; 50:2 Isa 21:9; 47:9 Re 14:8; 18:2,8 - howl. * Jer 48:20,31 Isa 13:6,7 Eze 27:30-32; 30:2 Da 5:24,31 Re 18:9-11 * Re 18:17-19 - take balm. * Jer 8:22; 30:12-15; 46:11 Na 3:19 VERSE 9 - forsake. * Jer 8:20; 46:16,21; 50:16 Isa 13:14; 47:15 Mt 25:10-13 - her judgment. * 2Ch 28:9 Ezr 9:6 Da 4:20-22 Re 18:5 VERSE 10 - brought. * Ps 37:6 Mic 7:9,10 - let us. * Jer 31:6-9; 50:28 Ps 9:14; 102:19-21; 116:18,19; 126:1-3 Isa 40:2 * Isa 51:11; 52:9,10 Re 14:1-3; 19:1-6 VERSE 11 - Make. * Jer 46:4,9; 50:9,14,25,28,29 Isa 21:5 - bright. Heb. pure. the Lord hath. * :27,28 1Ki 11:14,23 1Ch 5:26 2Ch 36:22 Ezr 1:1 Isa 10:26; 13:17 * Isa 13:18; 21:2; 41:25; 45:1,5; 46:11 Re 17:16,17 - the spirit. Of Cyaxares king of Media, called "Darius the Mede" in scripture; and of Cyrus his nephew, king of persia, presumptive heir of the throne of his uncle. - his device. * :12,29; 50:45 - the vengeance. * :24,35; 50:15,28 Ps 74:3-11; 83:3-9 Hab 2:17-20 Zec 12:2,3 * Zec 14:2,12 VERSE 12 - the standard. * Jer 46:3-5 Pr 21:30 Isa 8:9,10; 13:2 Joe 3:2,9-14 Na 2:1; 3:14,15 - ambushes. Heb. liers in wait. * Jos 8:14 - the Lord hath both. * :11,29 La 2:17 VERSE 13 - dwellest. * :36 Re 17:1,15 - abundant. * Jer 50:37 Isa 45:3 Hab 2:5-10 Re 18:11-17 - thine. * Jer 17:11; 50:27,31 Ge 6:13 La 4:18 Eze 7:2-12 Da 5:26 Am 8:2 * 1Pe 4:7 - and the. * Hab 2:9-11 Lu 12:19-21 2Pe 2:3,14,15 Jude 1:11-13 Re 18:19 VERSE 14 - sworn. See on ch. * Jer 49:13 Am 6:8 Heb 6:13 - himself. Heb. his soul. as with. * Jer 46:23 Jud 6:5 Joe 1:4-7; 2:3,4,25 Na 3:15-17 - lift up. Heb. utter. * Jer 50:15 VERSE 15 - hath made. * Jer 10:12-16; 32:17 Ge 1:1-6 Ps 107:25; 146:5,6; 148:1-5 Isa 40:26 * Ac 14:15; 17:24 Ro 1:20 Col 1:16,17 Heb 1:2,3 Re 4:11 - by his wisdom. * Ps 104:24; 136:5 Pr 3:19 Ro 11:33 - and hath. * Job 9:8 Ps 104:2 Isa 40:22; 42:5; 44:24; 45:12; 48:13; 51:13 VERSE 16 - he uttereth. See on ch. * Jer 10:12,13 Job 37:2-11; 40:9 Ps 18:13; 29:3-10; 46:6; 68:33; 104:7 * Eze 10:5 - there is. * Job 36:26-33; 37:13; 38:34-38 Ps 135:7 Am 9:7 - multitude. or, noise. and he causeth. * Ps 135:7 - bringeth. * Ge 8:1 Ex 10:13,19; 14:21 Job 38:22 Ps 78:26; 135:7; 147:18 * Jon 1:4; 4:8 Mt 8:26,27 VERSE 17 - Every. * Jer 10:14 Ps 14:2; 53:1,2; 92:5,6; 115:5,8; 135:18 Isa 44:18-20 * Ro 1:20-23 1Co 1:19-21 - brutish by his knowledge. or, more brutish than to know. for his. See on ch. * Jer 10:14; 50:2 Ps 135:17 Hab 2:18,19 VERSE 18 - vanity. See on ch. * Jer 10:8,15 Jon 2:8 Ac 14:15 - in the. * Jer 43:12,13; 46:25; 48:7; 50:2 Ex 12:12 Isa 19:1; 46:1 Zep 2:11 VERSE 19 - portion. See on ch. * Jer 10:16 Ps 16:5; 73:26; 115:3 La 3:24 - the former. See on ver. * :15 - the rod. * Jer 12:7-10; 50:11 Ex 19:5,6 De 32:9 Ps 33:12; 74:2; 135:4 1Pe 2:9 - the Lord. See on ch. * Jer 10:16 Isa 47:4 VERSE 20 - art. * Jer 50:23 Isa 10:5,15; 13:5; 14:5,6; 37:26; 41:15,16 Mic 4:13 * Zec 9:13,14 Mt 22:7 - with thee. or, in thee, or, by thee. break. See on ch. * Jer 25:9,11; 27:5-7 VERSE 21 * Jer 50:37 Ex 15:1,21 Ps 46:9; 76:6 Eze 39:20 Mic 5:10 Na 2:13 * Hag 2:22 Zec 10:5; 12:4 Re 19:18 VERSE 22 * Jer 6:11 De 32:25 1Sa 15:3 2Ch 36:17 Isa 20:4 La 2:11 Eze 9:6 VERSE 23 * :23 VERSE 24 * :11,35,49; 50:15,17,18,28,29,33,34 Ps 137:8,9 Isa 47:6-9 * Isa 51:22,23; 61:2; 63:1-4; 66:6 1Th 2:15,16 Re 6:10; 18:20,24 * Re 19:2-4 VERSE 25 - I am. See on ch. * Jer 50:31 - O destroying. * :53,58 Ge 11:4 Isa 13:2 Da 4:30 Zec 4:7 - which destroyest. * :7,20-23; 25:9,18-27 Re 8:8; 17:1-6 - and will. * 2Pe 3:10 Re 8:8; 18:9,10 VERSE 26 - shall not. See on ver. * :37,43; 50:12,13 Isa 13:19-22; 14:23 - desolate for ever. Heb. everlasting desolations. * Jer 50:40,41 Isa 34:8-17 Re 18:20-24 VERSE 27 - ye up. * :12; 6:1; 50:2,41 Isa 13:2-5; 18:3 Am 3:6 Zec 14:2 - prepare. * Jer 25:14 - Ararat. Bochart reasonably concludes Ararat and Minni to be the greater and lesser Armenia; and Ashchenaz he thinks formed part of Phrygia near the Hellespont, part of that country being called Ascania by Homer. Cyrus had conquered Armenia, defeated Croesus king of Lydia, (B.C. 548,) and subdued several nations from the Egean sea to the Euphrates, before he marched against Babylon; and Xenophon also informs us that there were not only Armenians, but both Phrygians and Cappadocians in the army of Cyrus. * Ge 8:4 - Ashchenaz. * Ge 10:3 - Ashkenaz. * 1Ch 1:6 - cause. See on ver. * :14; 46:23; 50:41,42 Jud 6:5 Joe 2:2,3 Na 3:15-17 Re 9:7-11 After Cyrus had been the instrument in the hands of God of taking Babylon, he marched against Tomyris, queen of the Massaget', a Scythian nation, and was totally defeated, (B.C. 530.) The victorious queen, who had lost her son in a previous battle, was so incensed against Cyrus, that she cut off his head, and threw it into a vessel filled with human blood, exclaiming, "Sattia te sanguine, quem sitisti." VERSE 28 - the kings. * :11; 25:25 Ge 10:2 1Ch 1:5 - Madia. * Es 1:3; 10:2 Isa 13:17; 21:2 Da 5:28-30; 6:8; 8:3,4,20; 9:1 VERSE 29 - the land. * Jer 8:16; 10:10; 50:36,43 Isa 13:13,14; 14:16 Joe 2:10 Am 8:8 - every. * :11,12,43,62-64; 50:13,39,40,45 Isa 13:19,20; 14:23,24; 46:10,11 * Isa 47:1-15 Re 18:2,21-24 VERSE 30 - The mighty. Accordingly, the Babylonians, after the loss of a battle or two, never recovered their courage to the face the enemy in the field, they retired within their walls; and the first time that Cyrus came with his army before the place he could not provoke them to venture forth, though he challenged the king to fight a duel with him; and the last time he came he consulted with his officers respecting the best mode of carrying on the siege "since," said he, "they do not come out to fight." * :32,57; 48:41; 50:36,37 Ps 76:5 Isa 13:7,8; 19:16 Na 3:13 * Re 18:10 - her bars. * Jer 50:36 *marg: * Ps 107:16; 147:13 Isa 45:1,2 La 2:9 Am 1:5 Na 3:13 VERSE 31 - post. * Jer 4:20; 50:24 1Sa 4:12-18 2Sa 18:19-31 2Ch 30:6 Es 3:13-15 * Es 8:10,14 Job 9:25 - to shew. * Jer 50:43 Isa 21:3-9; 47:11-13 Da 5:2-5,30 VERSE 32 - the passages. * Jer 50:38 Isa 44:27 - the men. * :30; 50:37 VERSE 33 - is like. * Isa 21:10; 41:15,16 Am 1:3 Mic 4:13 Hab 3:12 - it is time to thresh her. or, in the time that he thresheth her. the time. * Isa 17:5-11; 18:5 Ho 6:11 Joe 3:13 Mt 13:30,39 Re 14:15-20 VERSE 34 - the king. See on ver. * :49; 39:1-8; 50:7,17 La 1:1,14,15 - he hath made. * Jer 48:11,12 Isa 24:1-3; 34:11 Na 2:2,9,10 - swallowed. * :44 Job 20:15 Pr 1:12 La 2:16 Eze 36:3 Am 8:4 Mt 23:14 VERSE 35 - The violence. Heb. My violence. * Jer 50:29 Jud 9:20,24,56,57 Ps 9:12; 12:5; 137:8,9 Isa 26:20,21 * Zec 1:15 Mt 7:2 Jas 13 2:13 Re 6:10; 16:6; 18:6,20 - flesh. or, remainder. inhabitant. Heb. inhabitress. VERSE 36 - I will plead. See on ch. * Jer 50:33,34 Ps 140:12 Pr 22:23; 23:11 Isa 43:14; 47:6-9; 49:25,26 * Mic 7:8-10 Hab 2:8-17 - take. * De 32:35,43 Ps 94:1-3 Ro 12:19 Heb 10:30,31 Re 19:1-3 - and I will. * Jer 50:38 Ps 107:33 Isa 44:27 Re 16:12 VERSE 37 - become. * :25,26,29; 25:9,12,18; 50:12,13,23-26,38-40 Isa 13:19-22; 14:23 * Isa 34:8-17 Re 18:2,21-23 - an hissing. * Jer 18:16; 19:8; 29:18 2Ch 29:8 La 2:15,16 Mic 6:16 Zep 2:15 VERSE 38 - roar. * Jer 2:15 Job 4:10,11 Ps 34:10; 58:6 Isa 35:9 Na 2:11-13 Zec 11:3 - yell. or, shake themselves. * Jud 16:20 VERSE 39 - their heat. * Jer 25:27 Isa 21:4,5; 22:12-14 Da 5:1-4,30 Na 1:10; 3:11 - and sleep. * :57 Ps 13:3; 76:5,6 VERSE 40 * Jer 50:27 Ps 37:20; 44:22 Isa 34:6 Eze 39:18 VERSE 41 - Sheshach. Sheshach was probably an idol worshipped at Babylon, from which the city derived this name; and the festival which was held when the city was taken, when they were heated with wine, was perhaps observed in honor of it. * Jer 25:26 Da 5:1-3 - the praise. * Jer 49:25; 50:23 Isa 13:19; 14:4 Da 2:38; 4:22,30; 5:4,5 Re 18:10-19 - an astonishment. * :37; 50:46 De 28:37 2Ch 7:21 Eze 27:35 VERSE 42 * Ps 18:4,16; 42:7; 65:7; 93:3 Isa 8:7,8 Eze 27:26-34 Da 9:26 * Lu 21:25 Re 17:15,16 VERSE 43 - cities. See on ver. * :29,37; 50:39,40 - a land. * Jer 2:6 Isa 13:20 Eze 29:10,11 VERSE 44 - I will punish. * :18,47; 50:2 Isa 46:1,2 - I will bring. See on ver. * :34 2Ch 36:7 Ezr 1:7 Da 1:2; 5:2-4,26 - the nations. * Isa 2:2; 60:5 Da 3:2,3,29; 4:1,22; 5:19,31 Re 18:9-19 - the wall. * :53,58 VERSE 45 - go. * :6,9,50; 50:8 Isa 48:20 Zec 2:7 Re 14:8-11; 18:4 - deliver. * Ge 19:12-16 Nu 16:26 Ac 2:40 2Co 6:17 VERSE 46 - lest. or, let not. * 2Ki 19:7 Mt 24:6-8 Mr 13:7,8 Lu 21:9-19,28 - a rumour shall. * Isa 13:3-5; 21:2,3 - ruler against. * Jud 7:22 1Sa 14:16-20 2Ch 20:23 Isa 19:2 VERSE 47 - I will. * :52 - See on ch. * Jer 50:2 Isa 21:9; 46:1,2 - do judgment upon. Heb. visit upon. * :18; 11:22; 13:21; 23:34; 25:12 *margins - her whole. * :24,43; 50:12-16,35-40 VERSE 48 - the heaven. * :10 Ps 58:10,11 Pr 11:10 Isa 44:23; 48:20; 49:13 Re 15:1-4 * Re 16:4-7; 18:20; 19:1-7 - the spoilers. * :11; 50:3,9,41 VERSE 49 - As Babylon, etc. or, Both Babylon is to fall, O ye slain of Israel and with Babylon shall fall the slain of all the country. hath. * :10,11,24,35; 50:11,17,18,29,33,34 Jud 1:7 Ps 137:8,9 Mt 7:2 * Jas 13 2:13 Re 18:5,6 VERSE 50 - escaped. * :6,45; 31:21; 44:28; 50:8 Isa 48:20; 51:11; 52:2,11,12 Zec 2:7-9 * Re 18:4 - remember. * Jer 29:12-14 De 4:29-31; 30:1-4 Ezr 1:3-5 Ne 1:2-4; 2:3-5 * Ps 102:13,14; 137:5,6 Da 9:2,3,16-19 - Jerusalem. * Ps 122:6 VERSE 51 - are confounded. * Jer 3:22-25; 31:19 Ps 74:18-21; 79:4,12; 123:3,4; 137:1-3 La 2:15-17 * La 5:1 Eze 36:30 - shame. * Jer 3:25; 14:3 Ps 44:13-16; 69:7-13; 71:13; 109:29 Eze 7:18 Mic 7:10 - for strangers. * Jer 52:13 Ps 74:3-7; 79:1 La 1:10; 2:20 Eze 7:21,22; 9:7; 24:21 * Da 8:11-14; 9:26,27; 11:31 Re 11:1,2 VERSE 52 - that I. * :47; 50:38 - her graven images. This was verified when Xerxes destroyed all the temples of Babylon, B.C. 479. - the wounded. * Isa 13:15,16 Eze 30:24 Da 5:30,31 VERSE 53 - mount. * :25,58; 49:16 Ge 11:4 Ps 139:8-10 Isa 14:12-15; 47:5,7 * Eze 31:9-11 Da 4:30 Am 9:4 Ob 1:3,4 - from. * :1-4,11,48; 50:9,10,21,25,31-34,45 Isa 10:6,7; 13:2-5,17 * Isa 41:25; 45:1-5 VERSE 54 * Jer 48:3-5; 50:22,27,43,46 Isa 13:6-9; 15:5 Zep 1:10 Re 18:17-19 VERSE 55 - destroyed. * :38,39; 25:10; 50:10-15 Isa 15:1; 24:8-11; 47:5 Re 18:22,23 - her waves. * Ps 65:7; 93:3,4 Isa 17:13 Eze 26:3 Lu 21:25 Re 17:15 VERSE 56 - the spoiler. * :48; 50:10 Isa 21:2 Hab 2:8 Re 17:16 - her mighty. * :30; 50:36 - every. * Jer 49:35 Ge 49:24 1Sa 2:4 Ps 37:15; 46:9; 76:3 Eze 39:3,9 - the Lord. * :6,24; 50:28,29 De 32:35 Ps 94:1,2; 137:8 Isa 34:8; 35:4; 59:18 * 2Th 1:6 Re 18:5,6,20; 19:2 VERSE 57 - I will. * :39; 25:27 Isa 21:4,5 Da 5:1-4,30,31 Na 1:10 Hab 2:15-17 * Re 18:6,7,9 - sleep a. * Ps 76:5,6 Isa 37:36 - the king. See on ch. * Jer 46:18; 48:15 Mal 1:14 VERSE 58 - The broad walls of Babylon. or, The walls of broad Babylon. According to the testimony of Herodotus, the circumference of the walls of Babylon was 480 stadia, or 60 miles, their breadth 50 cubits, and their height 200 cubits; but when Darius became master of the place, B.C. 516, he took away all their 100 gates of brass, and beat down their walls to 50 cubits; and now not a vestige of these immense fortifications remains, to mark the site of this once mighty city! * :44; 50:15 - broken. or, made naked. high gates. * :30 Isa 45:1,2 - the people. * :9,64 Ps 127:1 Isa 65:23 Hab 2:13 VERSE 59 - Neriah. * Jer 32:12; 36:4; 45:1 - with. or, on the behalf of. quiet prince. or, prince of Menucha, or chief chamberlain. VERSE 60 * Jer 30:2,3; 36:2-4,32 Isa 8:1-4; 30:8 Da 12:4 Hab 2:2,3 Re 1:11,19 VERSE 61 - and shalt see. * Mt 24:1 Mr 13:1 - read. * Jer 29:1,2 Col 4:16 1Th 4:18; 5:27 Re 1:3 VERSE 62 - to cut. See on ver. * :25,26,29,37; 50:3,13,39,40 Isa 13:19-22; 14:22,23 Re 18:20-23 - desolation. Heb. desolations. * Jer 25:9,12 Eze 35:9 VERSE 63 - thou shalt bind. This was the emblem of its overthrow and irretrievable ruin; and the same emblem is employed in Re 18:21, to denote the utter ruin of mystical Babylon. * Jer 19:10,11 Re 18:21 VERSE 64 - Thus shall. * :42; 25:27 Na 1:8,9 Re 14:8; 18:2,21 - they shall. * :58 Hab 2:13 Ps 76:12 - Thus far. * Job 31:40 Ps 72:20 GOTO NEXT CHAPTER - TREASURY OF SCRIPTURE KNOWLEDGE INDEX

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