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    JUDGES 1

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    1 The acts of Judah and Simeon. 4 Adonibezek justly repaid. 8 Jerusalem taken. 10 Hebron taken. 11 Othniel has Achsah to wife for taking of Debir. 16 The Kenites dwell in Judah. 17 Hormah, Gaza, Askelon, and Ekron taken. 21 The acts of Benjamin. 22 Of the house of Joseph, who take Beth-el. 30 Of Zebulun. 31 Of Asher. 33 Of Naphtali. 34 Of Dan. VERSE 1 - Now. * Jos 24:29,30 - asked. * Jud 20:18,28 Ex 28:30 Nu 27:21 1Sa 22:9,10; 23:9,10 VERSE 2 * Ge 49:8-10 Nu 2:3; 7:12 Ps 78:68-70 Heb 7:14 Re 5:5; 19:11-16 VERSE 3 - Simeon. * Ge 29:33 Jos 19:1 - I likewise. * :17 2Sa 10:11 VERSE 4 - Lord. * Ex 23:28,29 De 7:2; 9:3 Jos 10:8-10; 11:6-8 1Sa 14:6,10 * 1Sa 17:46,47 1Ki 22:6,15 - Bezek. Eusebius and Jerome mention two villages of this name, near each other, about seventeen miles from Shechem, towards Scythopolis. * 1Sa 11:8 VERSE 5 * :5 VERSE 6 VERSE 7 - their thumbs. Heb. the thumbs of their hands and of their feet. This was not an unusual act of cruelty in ancient times towards enemies.--'lian informs us, that in after ages "the Athenians, at the instigation of Cleon, son of Cleoenetus, made a decree that all the inhabitants of the island of 'gina should have the thumb cut off from the right hand, so that they might ever after be disabled from holding a spear, yet might handle an oar." It was a custom among those Romans who did not like a military life, to cut off their thumbs, that they might be incapable of serving in the army; and for the same reason, parents sometimes cut off the thumbs of their children. - gathered. or, gleaned. as I have. * Ex 21:23-25 Le 24:19-21 1Sa 15:33 Isa 33:1 Mt 7:1,2 * Lu 6:37,38 Ro 2:15 Jas 13 2:13 Re 13:10; 16:6 VERSE 8 * :21 Jos 15:63 VERSE 9 - afterward. * Jos 10:36; 11:21; 15:13-20 - valley. or, low country. VERSE 10 - Kirjath-arba. * Jos 14:15 - Sheshai. * :20 Nu 13:22,33 Jos 15:13,14 Ps 33:16,17 Ec 9:11 Jer 9:23 VERSE 11 - Debir. * Jos 10:38,39; 15:15 VERSE 12 - And Caleb. The whole of this account is found in Jos 15:13-19, and seems to be inserted here by way of recapitulation. * Jos 15:16,17 1Sa 17:25; 18:23 - to him. In ancient times fathers assumed an absolute right over their children, especially in disposing of them in marriage; and it was customary for a king or great man to promise his daughter in marriage to him who should take a city, etc. VERSE 13 * Jud 3:9 VERSE 14 - And it came. * Jos 15:18,19 - and she lighted. {Watitznach,} "she hastily or suddenly alighted," as if she had forgotten something, or was about to return. VERSE 15 - a blessing. * Ge 33:11 1Sa 25:18,27 2Co 9:5 *marg: * Heb 6:7 1Pe 3:9 - a south land. Which was probably dry, or very ill watered. - give me also springs of water. Let me have some fields with brooks, or wells already digged. VERSE 16 - the Kenite. * Jud 4:11,17 Nu 10:29-32; 24:21,22 1Sa 15:6 1Ch 2:15 Jer 35:2 - Moses. * Ex 3:1; 4:18; 18:1,7,12,14-17,27 Nu 10:29 - city of palm. * Jud 3:13 De 34:3 2Ch 28:16 - which. * Nu 21:1 Jos 12:14 - they went. * Nu 10:29-32 1Sa 15:6 VERSE 17 - And Judah. See on ver. * :3 - Zephath. * 2Ch 14:10 - Zephathah. Hormah. * Nu 14:45; 21:3 Jos 19:4 VERSE 18 - Also Judah. There is the following remarkable variation here in the Septuagint: [Kai ouk ekl‚ronom‚sen Ioudas t‚n Gazan, oude ta horia aut‚s; oude t‚n Askal˘na, oude ta horia aut‚s; kai t‚n Akkar˘n, oude ta horia aut‚s; t‚n Az˘ton, oude ta perisporia aut‚s.] "But Judah did not possess Gaza, nor the coasts thereof; nor Askelon, nor the coasts thereof; nor Ekron, nor the coasts thereof; nor Ashdod, nor the coasts thereof." Procopius and Augustine read the same; and Josephus (Ant. 1. v. c. 2) says that the Israelites only took Askelon and Ashdod, but not Gaza or Ekron; and from ch. 3 3:3, and the whole succeeding history, it appears that these cities were not in the possession of the Israelites, but of the Philistines. - Gaza. * Jud 3:3; 16:1,2,21 Ex 23:31 - See on * Jos 11:22; 13:3; 15:45-47 1Sa 6:17 VERSE 19 - the Lord. * :2; 6:12,13 Ge 39:2,21 Jos 1:5,9; 14:12 2Sa 5:10 2Ki 18:7 * Ps 46:7,11; 60:12 Ec 9:11 Isa 7:14; 8:10; 41:10,14,15 Mt 1:23 * Ro 8:31 - he drave, etc. or he possessed the mountain. but could. Not because the iron chariots were too strong for Omnipotence, or because he refused to help them; but because their courage and faith failed when they saw them. * :27-32 Jos 7:12 Mt 14:30,31; 17:19,20 Php 4:13 - chariots. * Ex 14:7-31 Jos 11:1-9; 17:16-18 Ps 46:9 VERSE 20 - they gave. * Nu 14:24 De 1:36 Jos 14:9-14; 15:13,14; 21:11,12 - the three sons. * :10 Nu 13:22 VERSE 21 * Jud 19:10-12 Jos 15:63; 18:11-28 2Sa 5:6-9 VERSE 22 - the house. * Nu 1:10,32 Jos 14:4; 16:1-4 1Ch 7:29 Re 7:8 - the Lord. See on ver. * :19 Ge 49:24 2Ki 18:7 VERSE 23 - sent. * Jud 18:2 Jos 2:1; 7:2 - Luz. * Ge 28:19; 35:6; 48:3 VERSE 24 - we will. * Jos 2:12-14 1Sa 30:15 VERSE 25 - they smote. * Jos 6:22-25 VERSE 26 - the land. * 2Ki 7:6 2Ch 1:17 VERSE 27 - Manasseh. * Jos 17:11-13 - Taanach. * Jud 5:19 Jos 21:25 - the Canaanites. * Ex 23:32 De 7:2 1Sa 15:9 Ps 106:34,35 Jer 48:10 VERSE 28 VERSE 29 - See on * Jos 16:10 1Ki 9:16 VERSE 30 - Kitron. The Talmudists say Kitron is "tzippor," that is, Sepphoris, or Dioc'sarea, a celebrated city of Galilee, now the village Safoury, situated in the plain of Esdraelon, twenty miles (north-west) from Tiberias, according to Benjamin of Tudela. - Nahalol. * Jos 19:15 VERSE 31 - Asher. * Jos 19:24-30 - Accho. Accho, the Ptolemais of the Greeks and Romans, and called Saint John of Acre by the Crusaders, is situated on the Mediterranean, in a fine plain, at the north angle of a bay to which it gives name, and which extends in a semicircle of three leagues as far as Carmel, and nine leagues from Tyre. - Zidon. Another celebrated city of Phoenicia, now SaidŠ, situated in a fine country on the Mediterranean, 400 stadia from Berytus, and 200 (north) from Tyre, according to Strabo, one day's journey from Paneas, according to Josephus, and sixty-six miles from Damascus, according to Abulfeda. - Achzib. Or, Ecdippa, now Zib, nine miles north, from Accho. VERSE 32 * Ps 106:34,35 VERSE 33 - Naphtali. * Jos 19:32-38 - he dwelt. * :32 - became. * :30,35 Ps 18:24 VERSE 34 * Jud 18:1 Jos 19:47 VERSE 35 - Aijalon. * Jud 12:12 Jos 10:12 - Shaalbim. * Jos 19:42 1Ki 4:9 - prevailed. Heb. was heavy. VERSE 36 - from the going. or, Maaleh-akrabbim. * Nu 34:4 Jos 15:2 GOTO NEXT CHAPTER - TREASURY OF SCRIPTURE KNOWLEDGE INDEX

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