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    JUDGES 12

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    1 The Ephraimites, quarrelling with Jephthah, and discerned by Shibboleth, are slain by the Gileadites. 7 Jephthah dies. 8 Ibzan, who had thirty sons, and thirty daughters; 11 and Elon; 13 and Abdon, who had forty sons, and thirty nephews, judge Israel. VERSE 1 - gathered. Heb. were called. Wherefore. * Jud 8:1 2Sa 19:41-43 Ps 109:4 Ec 4:4 Joh 10:32 - we will burn. * Jud 14:15; 15:6 Pr 27:3,4 Jas 16 3:16; 4:1,2 VERSE 2 - I and my. * Jud 11:12-33 VERSE 3 - put. * Jud 9:17 1Sa 19:5; 28:21 Job 13:14 Ps 109 119:109 Ro 16:4 Re 12:11 - wherefore. * Jud 11:27 2Ch 13:12 VERSE 4 - and the men. * Jud 11:10 Nu 32:39,40 De 3:12-17 - fugitives. * 1Sa 25:10 Ne 4:4 Ps 78:9 Pr 12:13; 15:1 VERSE 5 * Jud 3:28; 7:24 Jos 2:7; 22:11 VERSE 6 - Say now. * Mt 26:73 Mr 14:70 - Shibboleth. which signifieth a stream, or flood. * Ps 69:2,15 Isa 27:12 *Heb: {Shibboleth} also means an ear of corn, (Job 24:24,) and {sibboleth} signifies a burden, (Ex 6:6;) and a heavy burden they were obliged to bear who could not pronounce this test letter. It is well known that several nations cannot pronounce certain letters. The sound of th cannot be pronounced by the Persians, no more than by some of our Continental neighbors; though it is a common sound among the Arabians. To this day, many of the German Jews cannot articulate [Thv,] th, for which they substitute ss; thus for {baith,} a house, they say {baiss.} - there fell. * Pr 17:14; 18:19 Ec 10:12 Mt 12:25 Ga 5:15 - forty. {Arbim ooshenayim aleph,} "forty and two thousand." Here the [ ,] and, may mean simple addition; and this number may denote 2,040 and not 42,000. At the last census of the Israelites (Nu 26:37) the whole tribe of Ephraim only amounted to 32,500, compared with which this last number appears far too great. VERSE 7 VERSE 8 - Ibzan. A.M. 2823. B.C. 1181. An. Ex. Is. 310. "He seems to have been only a civil judge to do justice in North-east Israel." - Beth-lehem. * Ge 15:19 1Sa 16:1 Mic 5:2 Mt 2:1 VERSE 9 * :14; 10:4 VERSE 10 VERSE 11 - A.M. 2830. B.C. 1174. An. Ex. Is. 317. "A civil judge in North-east Israel." * :11 VERSE 12 - Aijalon. * Jos 19:42 1Ch 6:69; 8:13 VERSE 13 - A.M. 2840. B.C. 1164. An. Ex. Is. 327. "A civil judge also in North-east Israel." * :13 VERSE 14 - nephews. Heb. sons' sons. rode. * Jud 5:10; 10:4 VERSE 15 - A.M. 2848. B.C. 1156. An. Ex.Is. 335. Pirathonite. * 2Sa 23:30 - in the mount. * Jud 3:13,27; 5:14 Ge 14:7 Ex 17:8 1Sa 15:7 GOTO NEXT CHAPTER - TREASURY OF SCRIPTURE KNOWLEDGE INDEX

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