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    LEVITICUS 13

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    1 The laws and tokens whereby the priest is to be guided in discerning the leprosy. VERSE 1 * :1 VERSE 2 - rising. or, swelling. a scab. * Le 14:56 De 28:27 Isa 3:17 - the plague of leprosy. {TzarĄÉth,} the Leprosy, from the Greek [ ,] from [ ,] a scale; so called, because in this disease the body is covered with thin white scales, so as to give it the appearance of snow. The leprosy is a dreadful, contagious disorder, common in Egypt and Syria, and generally manifests itself at first in the manner described in the text. Its commencement is imperceptible; there appearing only a few reddish spots on the skin, which are not attended with pain or any other symptom, but cannot be removed. It increases imperceptibly, and continues for some years to be more and more manifest. The spots become larger, spread over the whole skin, and are sometimes rather raised, though generally flat. When it increases the upper part of the nose swells, the nostrils distend, the nose becomes soft, swellings appear on the under jaws, the eyebrows are elevated, the ears grow thick, the ends of the fingers, feet, and toes, swell, the nails grow scaly, the joints of the hands and feet separate, the palms of hands and soles of the feet are ulcerated, and in its last stage the patient becomes horrible, and falls to pieces. * Le 14:3,35 Ex 4:6,7 Nu 12:10,12 2Sa 3:29 2Ki 5:1,27 2Ch 26:19-21 * Isa 1:6 - he shall. * De 17:8,9; 24:8 Mal 2:7 Mt 8:4 Mr 1:44 Lu 5:14; 17:14 VERSE 3 - shall look. * :2; 10:10 Eze 44:23 Hag 2:11 Mal 2:7 Ac 20:28 Ro 3:19,20; 7:7 * Heb 13:7 Re 2:23 - turned. * Eze 16:30 Ho 7:9 - deeper. * Ge 13:3 2Ti 2:16,17; 3:13 - pronounce. * Mt 16:19; 18:17,18 Joh 20:23 Ro 3:19,20 1Co 5:4-6 2Th 3:14,15 * 1Ti 1:20 VERSE 4 - shut up. * Nu 12:15 De 13:14 Eze 44:10 1Co 4:5 1Ti 5:24 VERSE 5 VERSE 6 - pronounce. * Isa 11:3,4; 42:3 Ro 14:1 Jude 1:22,23- a scab. * :2 De 32:5 Jas 3:2 - wash. * Le 11:25,28,40; 14:8 1Ki 8:38,45 Ps 19:12 Pr 20:9 Ec 7:20 * Joh 13:8-10 2Co 7:1 Heb 9:10; 10:22 1Jo 1:7-9 VERSE 7 * :27,35,36 Ps 38:3 Isa 1:5,6 Ro 6:12-14 2Ti 2:16,17 VERSE 8 - See on ver. * :3 Mt 15:7,8 Ac 8:21 Php 3:18,19 2Pe 2:19 VERSE 9 VERSE 10 - shall see him. * :3,4 Nu 12:10-12 2Ki 5:27 2Ch 26:19,20 - quick raw flesh. Heb. the quickening of living flesh. * :14,15,24 Pr 12:1 Am 5:10 Joh 3:19,20; 7:7 VERSE 11 - old leprosy. * Mt 8:2-4 Lu 5:14 VERSE 12 - cover all. * 1Ki 8:38 Job 40:4; 42:6 Isa 64:6 Joh 16:8,9 Ro 7:14 1Jo 1:8-10 VERSE 13 - if the leprosy. It may seem strange that the partial leper should be pronounced unclean, and the person totally covered with the disease clean. This was probably owing to a different species or stage of the disease; the partial being contagious, the total not. That there are two different species, or degrees, of the disease described here, is sufficiently evident: in one, the person was all covered with a white enamelled scurf; in the other, there was a quick raw flesh in the risings. On this account, the one was deemed unclean, or contagious, the other not; for contact with the quick raw flesh would be more likely to communicate the disease, than the touch of the hard dry scurf. The ichor proceeding from the former, when brought into contact with the flesh of another, would soon be taken into constitution by means of the absorbent vessels; but where the surface was perfectly dry; the absorbent vessels of another, coming in contact with the diseased man, could absorb nothing, and there was consequently but little or no danger of infection. This is the learned Dr. Mead's view of the subject; who thus accounts for the circumstances mentioned in the text. - he is clean. * Isa 64:6 Joh 9:41 VERSE 14 VERSE 15 - raw flesh. * Nu 22:34 VERSE 16 * Ro 7:14-24 Ga 1:14-16 Php 3:6-8 1Ti 1:13-15 VERSE 17 VERSE 18 - a boil. * Ex 9:9; 15:26 2Ki 20:7 Job 2:7 Ps 38:3-7 Isa 38:21 VERSE 19 VERSE 20 - in sight. See on ver. * :3 Mt 12:45 Joh 5:14 2Pe 2:20 VERSE 21 - shut him. * 1Co 5:5 VERSE 22 - a plague. i,e., "The plague of leprosy." * :22 VERSE 23 * Ge 38:26 2Sa 12:13 2Ch 19:2,3 Job 34:31,32; 40:4,5 Pr 28:13 * Mt 26:75 2Co 2:7 Ga 6:1 1Pe 4:2,3 VERSE 24 - a hot burning. Heb. a burning of fire. * Isa 3:24 This is supposed to state the case of such as had been hurt by fire; which would leave a scar, in which the leprosy might appear, and which was to be distinguished by the rules here given. VERSE 25 - turned white. * :4,18-20 VERSE 26 - then the priest. * :4,5,23 VERSE 27 - it is the plague of leprosy. See on ver. * :2 VERSE 28 - And if. * Ps 38:3-7,11 Jer 3:12-14; 8:4-6 Re 2:5 VERSE 29 * 1Ki 8:38; 12:28 2Ch 6:29 Ps 53:4 Isa 1:5; 5:20; 9:15 Mic 3:11 * Mt 6:23; 13:14,15 Joh 16:2,3 Ac 22:3,4; 26:9,10 2Co 4:3,4 * 2Th 2:11,12 VERSE 30 - scall. * :34-37; 14:54 VERSE 31 - seven days. * :4-6 VERSE 32 - yellow hair. * :30 Mt 23:5 Lu 18:9-12 Ro 2:23 VERSE 33 - be shaven. * 1Pe 5:6 VERSE 34 - the seventh. * 1Jo 4:1 Jude 1:22 Re 2:2 - be not. * :23 - and he shall. See on ver. * :6 VERSE 35 * :7,27 2Ti 2:16,17; 3:13 VERSE 36 VERSE 37 - the priest. * Joh 5:22 VERSE 38 VERSE 39 - if the bright. * Ec 7:20 Ro 7:22-25 Jas 3:2 - a freckled spot. The word {bohak,} from the Syriac {behak,} to be white, or shining, here rendered "a freckled spot," is used by the Arabs to denote a kind of leprosy, of which Niebuhr says, "{Bohak} is neither contagious nor dangerous. A black boy at Mocha, who was affected with this eruption, had here and there upon his body white spots. We were told that the use of sulphur had relieved this boy for a time, but had not entirely removed the disease." He adds subsequently from Forskal's papers, "The Arabs call a sort of leprosy, in which some little spots shew themselves here and there on the body, {behaq;} and it is without doubt the same as is named {bohak,} (Le ch. 13). They believe it to be so far from contagious, that one may sleep with a person affected without danger." "On the 15th day of May, 1765, I myself first saw the {Bohak} leprosy in a Jew at Mocha. The spots in this disease are of an unequal size. They do not shine; are not perceptibly higher than the skin; and do not change the color of the hair. Their color is an obscure white, inclining to red. The rest of the skin of the patient was darker than that of the people of the country in general; but the spots were not so white as the skin of an European, when not sun-burnt. The spots in this leprosy do not appear on the hands, or near the navel, but on the neck and face, yet not on that part where the hair grows thick. They gradually spread, and continue sometimes only about two months, but in some cases one or two years, and then disappear by degrees, of themselves. This disorder is neither contagious nor hereditary, nor does it occasion any inconvenience." Hence a person infected with the {bohak} is declared clean. VERSE 40 - hair is fallen off his head. Heb. head is pilled. * :41 So 5:11 Ro 6:12,19; 8:10 Ga 4:13 VERSE 41 VERSE 42 - forehead. * 2Ch 26:16-20 VERSE 43 VERSE 44 - utterly unclean. * Job 36:14 Mt 6:23 2Pe 2:1,2 2Jo 1:8-10 - his plague. * Isa 1:5 VERSE 45 - his clothes. * Ge 37:29 2Sa 13:19 Job 1:20 Jer 3:25; 36:24 Joe 2:13 - and his head. * Le 10:6; 21:10 - put. * Eze 24:17,22 Mic 3:7 - Unclean. * Job 42:6 Ps 51:3,5 Isa 6:5; 52:11; 64:6 La 4:15 Lu 5:8; 7:6,7 * Lu 17:12 VERSE 46 - the days. * Pr 30:12 - without. * Nu 5:2; 12:14,15 2Ki 7:3; 15:5 2Ch 26:21 La 1:1,8 1Co 5:5,9-13 * 2Th 3:6,14 1Ti 6:5 Heb 12:15,16 Re 21:27; 22:15 VERSE 47 - The garment. This leprosy in garments appears so strange to us, that it has induced some, with Bp. Patrick, to consider it as an extraordinary punishment inflicted by God upon the Israelites, as a sign of his high displeasure; while others consider the leprosy in clothes (and also houses) as having no relation to the leprosy in man. When Michaelis was considering the subject, he was told by a dealer in wool, that the wool of sheep which die of a disease, if it has not been shorn from the animal while living, is unfit to manufacture cloth, and liable to something like what Moses here describes, and which he imagines to be the plague of leprosy in garments. The whole account, however, as Dr. A. Clarke observes, seems to intimate that the garment was fretted by the contagion of the real leprosy; which it is probable was occasioned by a species of {animacula,} or vermin, burrowing in the skin, which we know to be the cause of the itch; these, by breeding in the garments, must necessarily multiply their kind, and fret the garments, i.e., corrode a portion of the finer parts, after the manner of moths, for their nourishment. The infection of garments has frequently been known to cause the worst species of scarlet fever, and even the plague; and those infected with {psora}, or itch animal, have communicated the disease even in six or seven years after the infection. * Isa 3:16-24; 59:6; 64:6 Eze 16:16 Ro 13:12 Eph 4:22 Col 3:3 * Jude 1:23 VERSE 48 - thing made of. Heb. work of. * :51 De 8:11 Jude 1:23 Re 3:4 VERSE 49 - thing of skin. Heb. vessel, or instrument. it is. See on ver. * :2 VERSE 50 - look upon. * Eze 44:23 - plague. * Ge 34:29 VERSE 51 - fretting leprosy. * Le 14:44 VERSE 52 - burn. * Le 11:33,35 De 7:25,26 Isa 30:22 Ac 19:19,20 - fretting leprosy. * Le 14:44,45 VERSE 53 VERSE 54 - wash. * Hag 1:6 VERSE 55 - after. * Eze 24:13 Heb 6:4-8 2Pe 1:9; 2:20-22 - it be bare within or without. Heb. it be bald in the head thereof, or in the forehead thereof. VERSE 56 - rend it out. * Eph 4:25 VERSE 57 - shalt burn. * Isa 33:14 Mt 3:12; 22:7; 25:41 Re 21:8,27 VERSE 58 - be washed. * 2Ki 5:10,14 Ps 51:2 2Co 7:1; 12:8 Heb 9:10 Re 1:5 The plague of leprosy was inflicted immediately from the hand of God, and came not from natural causes, as other diseases; and therefore must be managed according to a divine law. Miriam's leprosy, and Gehazi's and King Uzziah's were all the punishments of particular sins; and if generally it was so, no marvel there was so much care taken to distinguish it from a common distemper, that none might be looked upon as lying under this extraordinary token of Divine displeasure, but those that really were so. VERSE 59 - pronounce. * 1Co 5:3-5 Re 19:8 GOTO NEXT CHAPTER - TREASURY OF SCRIPTURE KNOWLEDGE INDEX

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