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    LUKE 3

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    1 The preaching and baptism of John; 15 his testimony of Christ; 19 Herod imprisons John; 21 Christ, baptized, receives testimony from heaven. 23 The age and genealogy of Christ from Joseph upwards. VERSE 1 - A.M. 4030. A.D. 26. - Tiberius Caesar. * Lu 2:1 - Pontius Pilate. * Lu 23:1-4,24 Ge 49:10 Ac 4:27; 23:26; 24:27; 26:30 - Herod. * :19; 9:7; 23:6-11 - his. * Mt 14:3 Mr 6:17 - Ituraea. Ituraea was a province of Syria east of Jordan, now called Djedour, according to Burckhardt, and comprising all the flat country south of Djebel Kessoue as far as Nowa, east of Djebel el Sheikh, or mount Hermon, and west of the Hadj road. Trachonitis, according to Strabo and Ptolemy, comprehended all the uneven country on the east of Auranitis, now Haouran, from near Damascus to Bozra, now called El Ledja and Djebel Haouran. Abilene was a district in the valley of Lebanon, so called from Abila its chief town, eighteen miles N. of Damascus, according to Antoninus. VERSE 2 - Annas. * Joh 11:49-51; 18:13,14,24 Ac 4:6 - the word. * Lu 1:59-63 Jer 1:2; 2:1 Eze 1:3 Ho 1:1,2 Jon 1:1 Mic 1:1 Zep 1:1 - in. * Lu 1:80 Isa 40:3 Mt 3:1; 11:7 Mr 1:3 Joh 1:23 VERSE 3 - the country. * Mt 3:5 Mr 1:4,5 Joh 1:28; 3:26 - preaching. * Mt 3:6,11 Mr 1:4 Joh 1:31-33 Ac 13:24; 19:4; 22:16 - for. * Lu 1:77 VERSE 4 - The voice. * Isa 40:3-5 Mt 3:3 Mr 1:3 Joh 1:23 - Prepare. * Lu 1:16,17,76-79 Isa 57:14; 62:10 Mal 4:6 Joh 1:7,26-36; 3:28-36 VERSE 5 - valley. * Lu 1:51-53 Isa 2:11-17; 35:6-8; 40:4; 49:11; 61:1-3 Eze 17:24 Jas 9 1:9 - and the crooked. * Isa 42:16; 45:2 Heb 12:12,13 VERSE 6 * Lu 2:10,11,30-32 Ps 98:2,3 Isa 40:5; 49:6; 52:10 Mr 16:15 Ro 10:12 * Ro 10:18 VERSE 7 - O generation. * Ge 3:15 Ps 58:4,5 Isa 59:5 Mt 3:7-10; 23:33 Joh 8:44 Ac 13:10 * 1Jo 3:8 - to flee. * 1Th 1:10 Heb 6:18 VERSE 8 - fruits. * Isa 1:16-18 Eze 18:27-31 Ac 26:20 2Co 7:10,11 Ga 5:22-24 * Php 1:11 Heb 6:7,8 - worthy of. or, meet for. We. * Lu 13:28,29; 16:23-31 Isa 48:1,2 Jer 7:4-10 Joh 8:33 Ro 4:16; 9:7 - of these. * Lu 19:40 Jos 4:3-8 Mt 8:11,12; 21:43 Ga 3:28,29 VERSE 9 * Lu 13:7,9; 23:29-31 Isa 10:33,34 Eze 15:2-4; 31:18 Da 4:14,23 * Mt 3:10; 7:19 Joh 15:6 Heb 10:28; 12:29 VERSE 10 - What. * :8 Ac 2:37; 9:6; 16:30 VERSE 11 - He that hath two. * Lu 11:41; 18:22; 19:8 Isa 58:7-11 Da 4:27 Mt 25:40 Mr 14:5-8 * Joh 13:29 Ac 10:2,4,31 2Co 8:3-14 1Ti 6:18 Heb 6:10 Jas 27 1:27 * Jas 15 2:15-26 1Jo 3:17; 4:20 VERSE 12 * Lu 7:29; 15:1,2; 18:13 Mt 21:31,32 VERSE 13 - Exact. * Lu 19:8 Ps 18:23 Pr 28:13 Isa 1:16,17; 55:6,7 Eze 18:21,22,27,28 * Mic 6:8 Mt 7:12 1Co 6:10 Eph 4:28 Tit 2:11,12 Heb 12:1 VERSE 14 - the soldiers. * Mt 8:5 Ac 10:7 - Do violence to no man. or, Put no man in fear. * Ro 13:9,10 Php 2:15 - accuse. * Lu 19:8 Ex 20:16; 23:1 Le 19:11 Tit 2:3 Re 12:10 - and be. * Php 4:11 1Ti 6:8-10 Heb 13:5,6 - wages. or, allowance. VERSE 15 - expectation. or, suspense. * Joh 10:24 - mused. or, reasoned, or debated. * Joh 1:19 *etc: * Joh 3:28,29 VERSE 16 - I indeed. * Mt 3:11 Mr 1:7,8 Joh 1:26,33 Ac 1:5; 11:16; 13:24,25; 19:4,5 - he shall. * Pr 1:23 Isa 32:15; 44:3,4 Eze 36:25 Joe 2:28,29 Joh 7:38 * Ac 2:33; 10:44; 11:15 1Co 12:13 - and with. * Isa 4:4 Zec 13:9 Mal 3:2,3 Ac 2:3,4,17,18 VERSE 17 - fan. * Jer 15:7 Mt 3:12 - and will. * Mic 4:12 Mt 13:30 - but. * Ps 1:4; 21:9,10 Mr 9:43-49 VERSE 18 * Joh 1:15,29,34; 3:29-36 Ac 2:40 VERSE 19 * Pr 9:7,8; 15:12 Mt 11:2; 14:3,4 Mr 6:17,18 VERSE 20 * Lu 13:31-34 2Ki 21:16; 24:4 2Ch 24:17-22; 36:16 Ne 9:26 Jer 2:30 * Mt 21:35-41; 22:6,7; 23:31-33 1Th 2:15,16 Re 16:6 VERSE 21 - that. * Mt 3:13-15 Mr 1:9 Joh 1:32 *etc: - and praying. * Lu 9:28,29 Joh 12:27,28 - the heaven. * Mt 3:16,17 Mr 1:10 Joh 1:32-34 VERSE 22 - Thou art. * Lu 9:34,35 Ps 2:7 Isa 42:1 Mt 12:18; 17:5; 27:43 Col 1:13 1Pe 2:4 * 2Pe 1:17,18 VERSE 23 - thirty. * Ge 41:46 Nu 4:3,35,39,43,47 - being. * Lu 4:22 Mt 13:55 Mr 6:3 Joh 6:42 - which. The real father of Joseph was Jacob (Mat. 16 1:16); but having married the daughter of Heli, and being perhaps adopted by him, he was called his son, and as such was entered in the public registers; Mary not being mentioned, because the Hebrews never permitted the name of a woman to enter the genealogical tables, but inserted her husband as the son of him who was, in reality, but his father-in-law. Hence it appears that Matthew, who wrote principally for the Jews, traces the pedigree of Jesus Christ from Abraham, through whom the promises were given to the Jews, to David, and from David, through the line of Solomon, to Jacob the father of Joseph, the reputed or legal father of Christ; and that Luke, who wrote for the Gentiles, extends his genealogy upwards from Heli, the father of Mary, through the line of Nathan, to David, and from David to Abraham, and from Abraham to Adam, who was the immediate 'son of God' by creation, and to whom the promise of the Savior was given in behalf of himself and all his posterity. The two branches of descent from David, by Solomon and Nathan, being thus united in the persons of Mary and Joseph, Jesus the son of Mary re-united in himself all the blood, privileges, and rights, of the whole family of David; in consequence of which he is emphatically called 'the Son of David.' VERSE 24 * :24 VERSE 25 * :25 VERSE 26 * :26 VERSE 27 * :27 VERSE 28 * :28 VERSE 29 * :29 VERSE 30 VERSE 31 - of Nathan. * 2Sa 5:14 1Ch 3:5; 14:4 Zec 12:12 VERSE 32 - was the son of Jesse. * Ru 4:18-22 1Sa 17:58; 20:31 1Ki 12:16 1Ch 2:10-15 Ps 72:20 * Isa 11:1,2 Mt 1:3-6 Ac 13:22,23 - which was the son of Obed. * Nu 1:7; 2:3; 7:12 1Ch 2:11,12 - Nahshon, Salma, Boaz. VERSE 33 - Aminadab. * Ru 4:19,20 1Ch 2:9,10 - Aminadab, Ram, Hezron. * Mt 1:3,4 - Esrom. * Ge 46:12 Nu 26:20,21 - Hezron. - Phares. * Ge 38:29 Ru 4:12 1Ch 2:4,5; 9:4 - Pharez. - of Juda. * Ge 29:35; 49:8 - Judah. * Mt 1:2 - Judas. VERSE 34 - which was the son of Isaac. * Ge 21:3; 25:26 1Ch 1:34 Mt 1:2 Ac 7:8 - Thara. * Ge 11:24-32 Jos 24:2 1Ch 1:24-28 - Terah, Nahor, Reu, Serug, Peleg, Eber, Shelah. VERSE 35 - Saruch. * Ge 11:18-21 - Serug, Reu. - Phalec. * Ge 10:25 - Peleg. - Heber. * Ge 11:16,17 - Eber. - Sala. * Ge 10:24; 11:12-15 - Salah. VERSE 36 - Cainan. This Cainan is not found in the Hebrew text of any of the genealogies, but only in the Septuagint; from which, probably, the evangelist transcribed the register, as sufficiently exact for his purpose, and as more generally suited to command attention. (See on Ge. 12 11:12.) It may here be remarked, that though some of the same names occur here, from Nathan downwards, as in Joseph's genealogy, yet there appears no sufficient evidence that the same persons were intended, different persons often bearing the same name. - Sem. * Ge 5:32; 7:13; 9:18,26,27; 10:21,22; 11:10 *etc: * 1Ch 1:17 - Shem. - Noe. * Lu 17:27 Ge 5:29,30; 6:8-10,22; 7:1,23; 8:1; 9:1 Eze 14:14 Heb 11:7 * 1Pe 3:20 2Pe 2:5 - Noah. VERSE 37 - Mathusala. * Ge 5:6-28 1Ch 1:1-3 - Methuselah, Mahalaleel. VERSE 38 - which was the son of Adam. * Ge 4:25,26; 5:3 - of God. * Ge 1:26,27; 2:7; 5:1,2 Isa 64:8 Ac 17:26-29 1Co 15:45,47 GOTO NEXT CHAPTER - TREASURY OF SCRIPTURE KNOWLEDGE INDEX

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