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    MATTHEW 27

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    1 Christ is delivered bound to Pilate. 3 Judas hangs himself. 19 Pilate, admonished of his wife, 20 and being urged by the multitude, washes his hands, and looses Barabbas. 27 Christ is mocked and crowned with thorns; 33 crucified; 39 reviled; 50 dies, and is buried; 62 his sepulchre is sealed and watched. VERSE 1 - the morning. * Jud 16:2 1Sa 19:11 Pr 4:16-18 Mic 2:1 Lu 22:66 Ac 5:21 - all. * Mt 23:13; 26:3,4 Ps 2:2 Mr 15:1 Lu 23:1,2 Joh 18:28 Ac 4:24-28 VERSE 2 - bound. * Ge 22:9 Joh 18:12,24 Ac 9:2; 12:6; 21:33; 22:25,29; 24:27; 28:20 * 2Ti 2:9 Heb 13:3 - delivered. * Mt 20:19 Lu 18:32,33; 20:20 Ac 3:13 - Pontius Pilate. Pontius Pilate governed Judea ten years under the emperor Tiberius, from his 13th to his 23rd year A.D. 26 to 36; but, having exercised great cruelties against the Samaritans, they complained to Vitellius, governor of Syria, who sent Marcellus, one of his friends, to superintend Judea, and ordered Pilate to Rome, to give an account of his conduct to Tiberius. The emperor was dead before he arrived; but it is an ancient tradition, that he was banished to Vienne in Dauphiny, where he was reduced to such extremity that he killed himself with his own sword two years after. VERSE 3 - Judas. * Mt 26:14-16,47-50 Mr 14:10,11,43-46 Lu 22:2-6,47,48 Joh 13:2,27 * Joh 18:3 - repented. * Job 20:5,15-29 2Co 7:10 VERSE 4 - I have sinned. * Ge 42:21,22 Ex 9:27; 10:16,17; 12:31 1Sa 15:24,30 1Ki 21:27 * Ro 3:19 - the innocent. * :19,23,24,54 2Ki 24:4 Jer 26:15 Jon 1:14 Lu 23:22,41,47 * Joh 19:7 Ac 13:28 Heb 7:26 1Pe 1:19 - What. * :25 Ac 18:15-17 1Ti 4:2 Tit 1:16 1Jo 3:12 Re 11:10 - see. * 1Sa 28:16-20 Job 13:4; 16:2 Lu 16:25,26 VERSE 5 - and departed. * Jud 9:54 1Sa 31:4,5 2Sa 17:23 1Ki 16:18 Job 2:9; 7:15 Ps 55:23 * Ac 1:18,19 VERSE 6 - It is not. * Mt 23:24 Lu 6:7-9 Joh 18:28 - to put. * De 23:18 Isa 61:8 - because. The Jews considered it was strictly forbidden by the Divine law to bring any filthy or iniquitous gain into the temple. For this reason they now refused to allow this money to be placed in the chest in the temple, amongst the former contributions for its repairs. In this, they were right enough, but by the very act of refusing this money, they proved themselves to be gross perverters of the spirit of God's requirements: they saw not that it was much less lawful for them, who had hired Judas to this sordid action, to be employed in the service of the temple. Those that 'bear the vessels of the Lord,' ought to be holy. Thus our Lord's words, 'Ye blind guides! ye strain at a gnat and swallow a camel.' VERSE 7 VERSE 8 - that. * Ac 1:19 - unto. * Mt 28:15 De 34:6 Jos 4:9 Jud 1:26 2Ch 5:9 VERSE 9 - Jeremy. The words here quoted are not found in Jeremiah, but in Zechariah; and a variety of conjectures have been formed, in order to reconcile this discrepancy. The most probable opinion seems to be, that the name of the prophet was originally omitted by the Evangelist, and that the name of Jeremiah was added by some subsequent copyist. It is omitted in two MSS. of the twelfth century, in the Syriac, later Persic, two of the Itala, and in some other Latin copies; and what renders it highly probable that the original reading was [dia <223> tou <5120> prophetes,] by the prophet, is, that Matthew frequently omits the name of the prophet in his quotations. See ch. 22 1:22; 5 2:5,15; 35 13:35; 4 21:4. This omission is approved of by Bengel, Dr. A. Clarke, and Horne. - And they. * Zec 11:12,13 - thirty. * Mt 26:15 Ex 21:32 Le 27:2-7 - of the children of Israel did value. or, bought of the children of Israel. VERSE 10 VERSE 11 - Jesus stood. * Mt 10:18,25 Mr 15:2 Lu 23:3 Joh 18:33-36 - Thou sayest. * Mt 26:25,64 Mr 14:62 Joh 18:37 1Ti 6:13 VERSE 12 * :14; 26:63 Ps 38:13,14 Isa 53:7 Mr 15:3-5 Joh 19:9-11 Ac 8:32 * 1Pe 2:23 VERSE 13 - Hearest. * Mt 26:62 Joh 18:35 Ac 22:24 VERSE 14 - marvelled. * Ps 71:7 Isa 8:18 Zec 3:8 1Co 4:9 VERSE 15 * Mt 26:5 Mr 15:6,8 Lu 23:16,17 Joh 18:38,39 Ac 24:27; 25:9 VERSE 16 - a. * Mr 15:7 Lu 23:18,19,25 Joh 18:40 Ac 3:14 Ro 1:32 VERSE 17 - Whom. * :21 Jos 24:15 1Ki 18:21 - or. * :22 Mr 15:9-12 Joh 19:15 VERSE 18 - he. * Ge 37:11 1Sa 18:7-11 Ps 106:16 Pr 27:4 Ec 4:4 Isa 26:11 * Mr 15:10 Ac 5:17; 7:9; 13:45 Jas 5 4:5 - envy. Or, malice [phthonos <5355>,] probably from [phthino,] to decay, wither, pine away, according to that of Solomon. * Pr 27:4 VERSE 19 - his. * Ge 20:3-6; 31:24,29 Job 33:14-17 Pr 29:1 - that just. * :4,24 Isa 53:11 Zec 9:9 Lu 23:41,47 1Pe 2:22 1Jo 2:1 VERSE 20 - persuaded. * Mr 15:11 Ac 14:18,19; 19:23-29 - should. * Lu 23:18-20 Joh 18:40; 19:15,16 Ac 3:14,15 VERSE 21 VERSE 22 - What. * :17 Job 31:31 Ps 22:8,9 Isa 49:7; 53:2,3 Zec 11:8 Mr 14:55 * Mr 15:12-14 Lu 23:20-24 Joh 19:14,15 Ac 13:38 VERSE 23 - Why. * Ge 37:18,19 1Sa 19:3-15; 20:31-33; 22:14-19 - But. * Mt 21:38,39 Ac 7:57; 17:5-7; 21:28-31; 22:22,23; 23:10,12-15 VERSE 24 - and washed. * De 21:6,7 Job 9:30,31 Ps 26:6 Jer 2:27,35 - just. * :4,9,54 Joh 19:4 Ac 3:14 2Co 5:21 1Pe 3:18 VERSE 25 - His. * Mt 21:44; 23:30-37 Nu 35:33 De 19:10,13 Jos 2:19 2Sa 1:16; 3:28,29 * 1Ki 2:32 2Ki 24:3,4 Ps 109:12-19 Eze 22:2-4; 24:7-9 Ac 5:28 * Ac 7:52 1Th 2:15,16 Heb 10:28-30 - and. * Ex 20:5 Eze 18:14 *etc: VERSE 26 - released. * Mr 15:15 Lu 23:25 - scourged. This of itself was a severe punishment, the flesh being generally cut by the whips used for this purpose. * Mt 20:19 Isa 50:6; 53:5 Mr 10:34 Lu 18:32,33; 23:16,24,25 * Joh 19:1,16 1Pe 2:24 VERSE 27 - common hall. or, governor's house. * Mr 15:16 Joh 18:28,33; 19:8,9 Ac 23:35 - Gr. band. * Joh 18:3 Ac 10:1; 27:1 VERSE 28 - stripped. * Mr 15:17 Lu 23:11 Joh 19:2-5 - a scarlet robe. Mark calls it a purple robe; but by [porphura <4209>] is denoted whatever is of a dazzling red; and the words [kokkinos <2847>,] scarlet, and [porphura <4209>,] purple, are not infrequently interchanged. VERSE 29 - platted. * Mt 20:19 Ps 35:15,16; 69:7,19,20 Isa 49:7; 53:3 Jer 20:7 Heb 12:2,3 - Hail. * :37; 26:49 Mr 15:18 Lu 23:36,37 Joh 19:3 VERSE 30 * Mt 26:67 Job 30:8-10 Isa 49:7; 50:6; 52:14; 53:3,7 Mic 5:1 Mr 15:19 * Lu 18:32,33 VERSE 31 - and led. * Mt 20:19; 21:39 Nu 15:35 1Ki 21:10,13 Isa 53:7 Joh 19:16,27 Ac 7:58 * Heb 13:12 VERSE 32 - as. * Le 4:3,12,21 Nu 15:35,36 1Ki 21:10,13 Ac 7:58 Heb 13:11,12 - they found. * Mt 16:24 Mr 15:21 Lu 23:26 - Cyrene. * Ac 2:10; 6:9; 11:20; 13:1 VERSE 33 - Golgotha. * Mr 15:22 Lu 23:27-33 Joh 19:17 Matthew 34 27:34 VERSE 34 - gave. * :48 Ps 69:21 Mr 15:23 Joh 19:28-30 - vinegar. Mark says wine mingled with myrrh; but as the sour wine used by the Roman soldiers and common people was termed [oinos <3631>] wine, and [oxos <3690>] vinegar, [vin aigre, French,] is sour wine; and as [chole <5521>] gall, is applied to bitters of any kind, it is not difficult to reconcile the two accounts. VERSE 35 - they crucified. * Ps 22:16 Joh 20:20,25,27 Ac 4:10 - parted. * Mr 15:24 *etc: * Lu 23:34 Joh 19:23,24 - that it. * Ps 22:18 VERSE 36 * :54 Mr 15:39,44 VERSE 37 - his accusation. * Mr 15:26 Lu 23:38 Joh 19:19-22 VERSE 38 * :44 Isa 53:12 Mr 15:27,28 Lu 22:37; 23:32,33,39-43 Joh 19:18 * Joh 19:31-35 VERSE 39 - reviled. * Ps 22:6,7,17; 31:11-13; 35:15-21; 69:7-12,20; 109:2,25 La 1:12 * La 2:15-17 Mr 15:29,30 Lu 23:35-39 1Pe 2:22-24 VERSE 40 - saying. * Ge 37:19,20 Re 11:10 - that destroyest. * Mt 26:61 Lu 14:29,30 Joh 2:19-22 - If. * :54; 4:3,6; 26:63,64 - come. * Mt 16:4 Lu 16:31 VERSE 41 * Job 13:9 Ps 22:12,13; 35:26 Isa 28:22; 49:7 Zec 11:8 Mr 15:31,32 * Lu 18:32; 22:52; 23:35 VERSE 42 - saved. * Joh 9:24; 12:47 Ac 4:14 - the King. * :37; 2:2 Lu 19:38 Joh 1:49 VERSE 43 - trusted. * Ps 3:2; 14:6; 22:8; 42:10; 71:11 Isa 36:15,18; 37:10 - I am. * :40 Joh 3:16,17; 5:17-25; 10:30,36; 19:7 VERSE 44 * :38 Job 30:7-9 Ps 35:15 Mr 15:32 Lu 23:39,40 VERSE 45 - from. * Mr 15:25,33,34 Lu 23:44,45 - darkness. That this general darkness was wholly preternatural is evident from this, that it happened at the passover, which was celebrated only at the full moon, a time in which it was impossible for the sun to be eclipsed, natural eclipses happening only at the time of the new moon. (See Introduction to the Comprehensive Bible, p.59.) * Isa 50:3 Am 8:9 Re 8:12; 9:2 VERSE 46 - Jesus. * Mr 15:34 Lu 23:46 Joh 19:28-30 Heb 5:7 - Eli. * Ps 22:1; 71:11 Isa 53:10 La 1:12 VERSE 47 - This. * Mt 11:14 Mal 4:5 Mr 15:35,36 VERSE 48 - and filled. * :34 Ps 69:21 Lu 23:36 Joh 19:29,30 VERSE 49 - let us. * :43 VERSE 50 - when. * Mr 15:37 Lu 23:46 Joh 19:30 - yielded. * Mt 20:28 Ps 22:14,15 Isa 53:9-12 Da 9:26 Joh 10:11,15 Heb 2:14 * Heb 9:14 VERSE 51 - the veil. * Ex 26:31-37; 40:21 Le 16:2,12-15; 21:23 2Ch 3:14 Isa 25:7 * Mr 15:38 Lu 23:45 Eph 2:13-18 Heb 6:19; 10:19-22 - the earth. * Mt 28:2 Ps 18:7,15 Mic 1:3,4 Na 1:3-5 Hab 3:10,13 Heb 12:25-27 * Re 11:13,19 VERSE 52 - many. * Isa 25:8; 26:19 Ho 13:14 Joh 5:25-29 1Co 15:20 - slept. * Da 12:2 1Co 11:30; 15:51 1Th 4:14; 5:10 VERSE 53 - holy. * Mt 4:5 Ne 11:1 Isa 48:2 Da 9:24 Re 11:2; 21:2; 22:19 VERSE 54 - the centurion. * :36; 8:5 Ac 10:1; 21:32; 23:17,23; 27:1,43 - saw. * Mr 15:39 Lu 23:47 *etc: - feared. * 2Ki 1:13,14 Ac 2:37; 16:29,30 Re 11:13 - Truly. * :40,43; 26:63 Lu 22:70 Joh 19:7 Ro 1:4 VERSE 55 - many. * Lu 23:27,28,48,49 Joh 19:25-27 - ministering. * Lu 8:2,3 VERSE 56 - Mary Magdalene. * :61; 28:1 Mr 15:40,41; 16:1,9 Lu 24:10 Joh 20:1,18 - Mary the. * Mr 15:47; 16:1 Joh 19:25 - James. * Mt 13:55 Mr 15:40; 16:1 - the mother. * Mt 20:20,21 VERSE 57 - there. * Mr 15:42,43 Lu 23:50,51 Joh 19:38-42 - Arimathea. * 1Sa 1:1; 7:17 VERSE 58 * Mr 15:44-46 Lu 23:52,53 VERSE 59 VERSE 60 - in his. * Isa 53:9 - a great. * :66; 28:2 Mr 16:3,4 Lu 24:2 Joh 20:1 VERSE 61 - Mary Magdalene. * :56 VERSE 62 - the day. * Mt 26:17 Mr 15:42 Lu 23:54-56 Joh 19:14,42 - the chief priests. * :1,2 Ps 2:1-6 Ac 4:27,28 VERSE 63 - that deceiver. * Lu 23:2 Joh 7:12,47 2Co 6:8 - After. * Mt 16:21; 17:23; 20:19; 26:61 Mr 8:31; 10:34 Lu 9:22; 18:33; 24:6,7 * Joh 2:19 VERSE 64 - and steal. * Mt 28:13 - so. * Mt 12:45 VERSE 65 - make. * Mt 28:11-15 Ps 76:10 Pr 21:30 VERSE 66 - and made. Every thing was here done which human policy and prudence could, to prevent a resurrection, which these very precautions had the most direct tendency to authenticate and establish. - sealing. * Da 6:17 2Ti 2:19 GOTO NEXT CHAPTER - TREASURY OF SCRIPTURE KNOWLEDGE INDEX

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