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    NUMBERS 35

    << Numbers 34 - Numbers 36 >> - HELP - FACEBOOK - GR FORUMS - GODRULES ON YOUTUBE      


    1 Eight and forty cities for the Levites, with their suburbs, and measure thereof. 6 Six of them are to be cities of refuge. 9 The laws of murder and manslaughter. 31 No satisfaction for murder. VERSE 1 * Nu 22:1; 26:63; 31:12; 33:50; 36:13 VERSE 2 * Le 25:32,33 Jos 14:3,4; 21:2-42 Eze 45:1-8; 48:8,22 1Co 9:10-14 VERSE 3 * Jos 21:11 2Ch 11:14 Eze 45:2 VERSE 4 - thousand cubits. The Septuagint reads [ ] "two thousand cubits," as in the following verse; but this reading is not acknowledged by any other ancient version, except the Coptic, nor by any of the MSS. collated by Kennicott and De Rossi. Various modes have been proposed for reconciling the accounts in these two verses, which appear in general to require full as much explanation as the text itself. The explanation of Maimonides is the only one that is intelligible, and appears perfectly satisfactory. "The suburbs," says he, "of the cities are expressed in the law to be 3,000 cubits on every side, from the wall of the city and outwards. The first 1,000 cubits are the suburbs; and the 2,000, which they measured without the suburbs, were for fields and vineyards." The whole therefore, of the city, suburbs, fields, and vineyards, may be represented by the following diagram:-- 旼컴컴컴컴컴컴컴컴컴컴컴컴컴컴컴 Fields and vineyards. 旼컴컴컴컴컴컴컴컴컴커 Suburbs. 旼컴컴컴컴 City. 읕컴컴컴컴 1,000 Cubits 읕컴컴컴컴컴컴컴컴컴켸 2,000 Cubits 읕컴컴컴컴컴컴컴컴컴컴컴컴컴컴컴 VERSE 5 * :4 VERSE 6 - six cities for refuge. * :13,14 De 4:41-43 Jos 20:2-9; 21:3,13,21,27,32,36,38 Ps 9:9 * Ps 62:7,8; 142:4,5 Isa 4:6 Mt 11:28 Heb 6:18 - to them ye shall add. Heb. above them ye shall give. VERSE 7 * Jos 21:3-42 1Ch 6:54-81 VERSE 8 - possession. * Ge 49:7 Ex 32:28,29 De 33:8-11 Jos 21:3 - from them. * Nu 26:54; 33:54 Ex 16:18 2Co 8:13,14 - he inheriteth. Heb. they inherit. VERSE 9 * :9 VERSE 10 * Nu 34:2 Le 14:34; 25:2 De 12:9; 19:1,2 VERSE 11 - ye shall appoint. As the {goel,} or kinsman, had a right to avenge the death of his relation, by slaying the murderer wherever he found him, the appointment of these cities was a humane institution for the protection of the involuntary homicide; for they were designed only for the protection of such. - See on ver. * :6 Jos 20:2 - unawares. Heb. by error. * :22,23 Ex 21:13 De 4:42; 19:4,5 VERSE 12 - from the avenger. * :19,25-27 De 19:6 Jos 20:3-6,9 2Sa 14:7 - until he stand. * :24 De 19:11,12 Jos 20:4-6 VERSE 13 - six cities. * :6 VERSE 14 - three cities. * De 4:41-43; 19:8-10 Jos 20:7-9 VERSE 15 * Nu 15:16 Ex 12:49 Le 24:22 Ro 3:29 Ga 3:28 VERSE 16 - if he smite. * :22-24 De 19:11-13 - the. * :30-33 Ge 9:5,6 Ex 21:12-14 Le 24:17 VERSE 17 - throwing a stone. Heb. a stone of the hand. * Ex 21:18 VERSE 18 * :18 VERSE 19 * :12,21,24,27 De 19:6,12 Jos 20:3,5 VERSE 20 - if he thrust. * Ge 4:5,8 2Sa 3:27; 13:22,28,29; 20:10 1Ki 2:5,6,31-33 Pr 26:24 * Pr 28:17 Lu 4:29 - by laying. * Ex 21:14 De 19:11 1Sa 18:10,11,25; 19:9-12; 20:1; 23:7-9; 24:11 * Ps 10:7-10; 11:2; 35:7,8; 57:4-6 Pr 1:18,19 Mr 6:19,24-26 * Ac 20:3; 23:21 VERSE 21 * :21 VERSE 22 * :11 Ex 21:13 De 19:5 Jos 20:3,5 VERSE 23 VERSE 24 - See on ver. * :12 Jos 20:6 VERSE 25 - abide in it. * :28 Jos 20:6 Ro 3:24-26 Eph 2:16-18 Heb 4:14-16; 7:25-28 * Heb 9:12-15; 10:19-22 - anointed. * Ex 29:7 Le 4:3; 8:12; 21:10 VERSE 26 After the manslayer had been received into the city of refuge, the avenger of blood could only act as prosecutor; and the civil officers, in the presence of the people, were appointed to decide the cause according to the rules here laid down. Probably the accused person was tried at or near the place where the deceased had been slain, and where evidence could most easily be brought: and in case he was acquitted by the decision of the judges, and with the approval of the people, he was conveyed back to the city of refuge, where he was protected as a kind of prisoner at large, till the death of the high priest; when the public loss, and the grief occasioned by it, might be supposed to swallow up all personal regrets and resentments: and then he was permitted to return to his house and estate. But if, in the mean while, he ventured to leave the city, and the avenger met him and slew him, he was supposed to merit his doom by thus neglecting the appointment of God for his preservation, and the avenger must not be punished. This shews that in other cases, if the avenger slew an innocent man on surmise, he was liable to the punishment of a murderer; but if, by the testimony of two credible witnesses, the man who had fled to the city of refuge was adjudged guilty, he must without fail be put to death. * :26 VERSE 27 - he shall not be guilty of blood. Heb. no blood shall be to him * Ex 22:2 De 19:6,10 VERSE 28 - he should. * Joh 15:4-6 Ac 11:23; 27:31 Heb 3:14; 6:4-8; 10:26-30,39 - after the death. * Heb 9:11,12,15-17 VERSE 29 - See on ch. * Nu 27:1,11 VERSE 30 * De 17:6,7; 19:15 Mt 18:16 Joh 8:17,18 2Co 13:1 1Ti 5:19 * Heb 10:28 Re 11:3 VERSE 31 - Moreover. * Ge 9:5,6 Ex 21:14 De 19:11-13 2Sa 12:13 1Ki 2:28-34 Ps 51:14 - guilty of death. Heb. faulty to die. VERSE 32 * Ac 4:12 Ga 2:21; 3:10-13,22 Re 5:9 The region east of Jordan was nearly as long as that on the west, and therefore three cities were appointed in each division. One or other of these cities would be within half a day's journey of every part of the land; and as it would rarely happen that the avenger of blood would be on the spot, and none had a right to assault or detain the manslayer, at least if no malicious intention was manifest, the unhappy men would, therefore, get the start of their adversaries, and very few of them be overtaken before they gained the place of refuge. But then they must forsake their families, employments, most important interests, and dearest comforts; and they must neither loiter nor yield to weariness, nor regard difficulties, nor slacken their pace, till they had got safe within the walls of the city. The Jewish writers inform us, that to afford every facility to those who thus fled for their life, the road to these cities was always preserved in good repair; and way-posts, upon which was inscribed REFUGE were placed wherever needful, that they might not so much as hesitate for a moment. VERSE 33 - it defileth. * Le 18:25 De 21:1-8,23 2Ki 23:26; 24:4 Ps 106:28 Isa 26:21 * Eze 22:24-27 Ho 4:2,3 Mic 4:11 Mt 23:31-35 Lu 11:50,51 - the land cannot be cleansed. Heb. there can be no expiation for the land. VERSE 34 - Defile not. * Nu 5:3 Le 20:24-26 - I dwell. * Ps 135:21 Isa 57:15 Ho 9:3 2Co 6:16,17 Re 21:3,27 - dwell among. * Nu 5:3 Ex 25:8; 29:45,46 1Ki 6:13 Ps 132:14 Isa 8:12 GOTO NEXT CHAPTER - TREASURY OF SCRIPTURE KNOWLEDGE INDEX

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