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    PSALMS 78

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    1 An exhortation both to learn and to preach, the law of God. 9 The story of God's wrath against the incredulous and disobedient. 67 The Israelites being rejected, God chose Judah, Zion, and David. VERSE 1 - A.M. 3074. B.C. 930. (Title.) Maschil. or, A Psalm for Asaph, to give instruction. * :1 74:1 *title This Psalm was probably written, as Calmet and others suppose, by Asaph in the days of Asa, who had gained, by the aid of the Syrians, a great victory over the Israelites, and brought back to the pure worship of God many out of the tribes of Ephraim, Manasseh, and Simeon. * 2Ch 15:1-14 16:14 - See on Ps. * Ps 49:1-3; 51:4 Jud 5:3 Pr 8:4-6 Isa 51:4; 55:3 Mt 13:9 VERSE 2 - I will. * Ps 49:4 Mt 13:13,34,35 - dark sayings. * Pr 1:6 Mt 13:11-13 Mr 4:34 VERSE 3 * Ps 44:1; 48:8 Ex 12:26,27; 13:8,14,15 VERSE 4 - We will. * :4 145:4-6 De 4:9; 6:7 Joe 1:3 - shewing. * :18 71:18 De 11:19 Jos 4:6,7,21-24 - praises. * Ps 9:14; 10:1-5; 145:5,6 Isa 63:7-19 VERSE 5 - For he. * :5 81:5 119:152 19 147:19 De 4:45; 6:7; 11:19 Isa 8:20 Ro 3:2 * 1Jo 5:9-12 - testimony. The word testimony is used for the ark, and for the law, written on tables of stone, put within the ark, and covered with the mercy seat. This testified the Lord's gracious presence with his people, and seemed to point out to them both the way of access and acceptance, and the standard or rule of their duty. * Ex 25:16,21; 40:3,20 - that they. * :3,4 Ge 18:19 Isa 38:19 Eph 6:4 VERSE 6 - That. * Ps 48:13; 71:18; 102:18; 145:4 Es 9:28 - who. * :16 90:16 De 4:10 Jos 22:24,25 Joe 1:3 VERSE 7 - set. * Ps 40:4; 62:5; 91:14; 130:6,7; 146:5 Jer 17:7,8 1Pe 1:21 - not forget. * :10 77:10-12 2 103:2 5 105:5 Ex 12:24-27 De 4:9; 7:18,19; 8:2,11 * Es 9:27,28 1Co 11:24 - keep. * De 5:29 Joh 14:21-24 1Jo 3:22-24; 5:3 Re 14:12 VERSE 8 - as their. * :6 68:6 106:7 Ex 32:9; 33:3,5; 34:9 De 9:6,13; 31:27 2Ki 17:14 * Eze 2:3-8; 20:8,18 Mt 23:31-33 Ac 7:51 - set not. Heb. prepared not. * :37 2Ch 12:14; 19:3; 20:33; 30:19 - whose. * :37 De 4:4 Jos 14:8,9 Ac 11:23 VERSE 9 - The children. Some think this refers to a defeat of the Ephraimites mentioned in 1 Ch 20 7:20-22; but it probably refers to the conduct and defeat of the ten tribes of which Ephraim was the head. Nothing is recorded in the history of Israel concerning the cowardice of the Ephraimites, as distinct from that of the other tribes: some therefore think, "that the children of Ephraim" is put by a figure of speech for the nation in general. * De 1:41-44 Jos 17:16-18 1Sa 4:10; 31:1 - carrying. Heb. throwing forth. turned. * Jud 9:28,38-40 Lu 22:33 VERSE 10 * De 31:16,20 Jud 2:10-12 2Ki 17:14,15 Ne 9:26-29 Jer 31:32 VERSE 11 * :7; 106:13,21,22 De 32:18 Jer 2:32 VERSE 12 - Marvellous. * :42-50; 105:27-38; 135:9 Ex 7:1-51 12:51 De 4:34; 6:22 Ne 9:10 - Zoan. Zoan, the ancient capital of the Pharaohs, where Moses wrought so many miracles, is rendered by the Chaldee, {Tanium,} LXX. [ ,] Vulgate, {Tanis,} and Coptic, {Tan‚,} from the Coptic, {ten,} plain, flat, level; being situated in the low ground of the Delta, on one of the eastern branches of the Nile, bearing its own name, near a large lake, now called the lake of Menzala, 44 miles west of Pelusium, and 169 miles east of Alexandria, according to the Antonine Itinerary, and three miles from the Mediterranean, according to the Geograph. Nubiens. Clim. 3, par. 3. There are ruins still remaining to mark the site of Zoan, or Tanis, called San by the Arabs; comprising broken obelisks, capitals of the Corinthian order, a granite monument, etc. * :43 Ge 32:3 Nu 13:22 Isa 19:11,13 Eze 30:14 VERSE 13 - He divided. * Ps 66:6; 106:9,10; 136:13-15 Ex 14:1-27 15:27 Isa 63:13 1Co 10:2,3 - made. * Ps 38:7 Jos 3:16 Hab 3:15 VERSE 14 * :39 105:39 Ex 13:21,22; 14:24; 40:35-38 Ne 9:12,19 VERSE 15 * :41 105:41; 114:8 Ex 17:6 Nu 20:11 Isa 41:18; 43:20 Joh 7:37,38 * 1Co 10:4 Re 22:1,17 VERSE 16 * :41 105:41 De 8:15; 9:21 VERSE 17 * :32; 95:8-10; 106:13-32 De 9:8,12-22 Heb 3:16-19 VERSE 18 - by asking meat. * :14 106:14,15 Ex 16:2,3 Nu 11:4 1Co 10:6 Jas 4:2,3 VERSE 19 - Yea. * Ex 16:8-10 Nu 21:5 2Ch 32:19 Job 34:37 Ro 9:20 Re 13:6 - Can God. * Nu 11:4,13 - furnish. Heb. order. VERSE 20 - he smote. * Ex 17:6,7 Nu 20:11 - can he give. * :41 Ge 18:12-14 Nu 11:21-23 VERSE 21 - the Lord. * :31 Nu 11:10 1Co 10:5,11 Jude 1:5 - a fire. * Nu 11:1-3 De 32:22 Heb 12:29 VERSE 22 * :24 106:24 Isa 7:9 Heb 3:12,18,19; 11:6 1Jo 5:10 Jude 1:5 VERSE 23 - Though. * Ps 33:9 Isa 5:6 - opened. * Ge 7:11 2Ki 7:2,19 Mal 3:10 VERSE 24 - had rained. * :9 68:9 105:40 Ex 16:4,14 De 8:3 Ne 9:15,20 Joh 6:31-71 1Co 10:3 - the corn of heaven. The manna fell about their camp in the form of seeds; and as it appeared to come down from the clouds, it was not improperly termed {degan shamayim,} the corn of heaven or heavenly grain. See notes on Ex 16:22, 31. VERSE 25 - Man, etc. Or, Every one did eat the bread of the mighty. {Lechem abbeerim,} "bread of the mighty:"-- they ate such food as could only be expected at the tables of the rich and great;-- the best, the most delicate food. Or, it might be so called because it rendered the people healthy and vigorous, and fit for their marches. * :20 103:20 - he sent. * Ex 16:8 Mt 14:20; 15:37 VERSE 26 - He caused. * :7 135:7 Nu 11:31 - blow. Heb. go. VERSE 27 - He rained. * Ex 16:12,13 Nu 11:18,19,32 - feathered fowls. Heb. fowl of wing. VERSE 28 - he let. * Ex 16:13 - fall. * :55 - camp. * Ps 27:3; 106:16 So 6:13 - habitations. or, tabernacles. * :60 VERSE 29 - for he gave. * :15 106:15 Nu 11:20 VERSE 30 - But. * Nu 11:33,34; 22:20-22 Pr 1:32 Lu 16:19-23 VERSE 31 - smote down. Heb. made to bow. chosen men. or, young men. * :63 VERSE 32 - they sinned. * Nu 14:1-45; 16:1-13 17:13; 21:1-6; 25:1-18 Eze 20:13 - believed. * :22 Lu 16:31 Joh 12:37 VERSE 33 - days. * :7 90:7-9 Nu 14:29,35; 26:64,65 De 2:14-16 - years. * Ge 3:16-19 Job 5:6,7; 14:1 Ec 1:2,13,14; 12:8,13,14 VERSE 34 * Nu 21:7 Jud 3:8,9,12-15; 4:3; 10:7-10 Isa 26:6 Jer 22:23 * Ho 5:15; 7:14 VERSE 35 - remembered. * :7,11,42; 106:13,21 - God was. * De 32:4,15,30,31 - the high. {Ail ‚lyon go„lom,} "the strong God, the Most High, their redeemer," or kinsman: that one who possessed the right of redemption; the nearest akin to him who had forfeited his inheritance, as the word originally means; and hence is used for a redeemer; and here denotes Him who redeemed them from Egyptian bondage. - their redeemer. * Ex 6:6; 15:13 De 7:8; 15:15 Isa 41:14; 44:6; 48:17; 63:8,9 * Tit 2:14 VERSE 36 - Nevertheless. * :12 106:12,13 De 5:28,29 Isa 29:13 Eze 33:31 Ho 11:12 - lied. * Ps 18:44 *marg: VERSE 37 - their heart. * :80 119:80 Ho 7:14,16; 10:2 Ac 8:21 - stedfast. * :8; 44:17,18 De 31:20 Ho 8:1 VERSE 38 - But he. * :43 106:43-45 Ex 34:6-9 Nu 14:18-20; 16:44-48 Isa 44:21,22 - many. * Isa 48:9 Eze 20:8,9,13,14,17,21,22 - did not. * 1Ki 21:29 VERSE 39 - For he. * :14 103:14-16 Ge 6:3 Joh 3:6 - a wind. Or, as the Hebrew {roo„ch holaich welo yashoov} may be rendered, "the spirit goeth away and returneth not again." To this purpose the Arabic, "He remembered that they were flesh; and a spirit which when it departs, returneth not again." The human being is composed of flesh and spirit, or body and soul: these are easily separated, and when separated, the body turns to dust, and the spirit returns no more to animate the body in a state of probation. * Job 7:7,16 Jas 4:14 VERSE 40 - How oft. * :17; 95:8-10; 106:14-33 Nu 14:11 De 9:21,22 - provoke him. or, rebel against him. grieve. * Isa 7:13; 63:10 Eph 4:30 Heb 3:15-17 VERSE 41 - Yea. * Nu 14:4,22 De 6:16 Ac 7:39 Heb 3:8-11 2Pe 2:21,22 - limited. * :19,20 Mr 5:35,36 VERSE 42 - remembered. * :11,21,22; 136:10-15 Ex 13:9 Isa 11:11 Jer 32:21 - the day. * :7 106:7-10 Ex 14:12,30,31 - the enemy. or, affliction. VERSE 43 - How. * :27 105:27-38; 135:9 Ex 3:19,20 De 4:34; 6:22 Ne 9:10 - wrought. Heb. set. wonders. * :12 VERSE 44 * :29 105:29 Ex 7:17-21 Re 16:3-6 The miracles mentioned in this and the four subsequent verses, evidently shew the power of God over the elements of nature, which at that time were the objects of Egyptian worship. VERSE 45 - sent. * :31 105:31 Ex 8:21-24 - frogs. * :30 105:30 Ex 8:2-15 Re 16:3 VERSE 46 - gave also. * :34 105:34,35 Ex 10:12-15 Joe 1:4-7; 2:25 Am 7:1,2 Re 9:2-11 - the caterpillar. {Chosal,} from {chasal,} to consume, eat up, is rendered [ ] by the LXX., in 2 Ch 28 6:28, and Aquila here, and also the Vulgate in Chron. and Isa 33:4 and Jerome here, {bruchus,} the chaffer, which every one knows to be a great devourer of the leaves of trees. The Syriac in Joel 4 1:4; 25 2:25, renders it {tzartzooro,} which Michaelis, from the Arabic {tzartzar,} a cricket, interprets the mole-cricket, which in its grub state is also very destructive to corn, grass, and other vegetables, by cankering the roots on which it feeds. VERSE 47 - destroyed. or, killed. with hail. * :32 105:32,33 Ex 9:18-34 - sycamore. From the value of the sycamore in furnishing wood for various uses, from the grateful shade which its wide spreading branches afforded, and on account of the fruit, which Mr. Maillet says the Egyptians hold in the highest estimation, we may conceive somewhat of the loss they sustained when "their vines were destroyed with hail; and their sycamore trees with frost." See Note on 1 Ch 28 27:28. - frost. or, great hailstones. VERSE 48 - gave up. Heb. shut up. hot thunderbolts. or, lightnings. * Ex 9:28 VERSE 49 - cast. * Ps 11:6 Job 20:23 Isa 42:25 La 4:11 Zep 3:8 Ro 2:8,9 - by sending. * 1Ki 22:21,22 Job 1:12; 2:6,7 VERSE 50 - made away. Heb. weighed a path. he spared. * Job 27:22 Eze 5:11; 7:4,9; 8:18; 9:10 Ro 8:32 2Pe 2:4,5 - life over to the pestilence. or, beasts to the murrain. * Ex 9:3-6 VERSE 51 - smote. * :36 105:36; 135:8; 136:10 Ex 12:12,29,30; 13:15 Heb 11:28 - the chief. * Ge 49:3 - tabernacles. * :23 105:23; 106:22 Ge 9:22-25; 10:6 VERSE 52 - But. * :20 77:20; 1037 5:37 Ne 9:12 Isa 63:11-14 - like a. * :7 95:7 100:3 Isa 40:11 Jer 23:2-4 Eze 34:11-31 Lu 15:4-6 * Joh 10:11-42 VERSE 53 - so that. * Ex 14:15,19,20 Heb 11:29 - but. * :15 136:15 Ex 14:27,28; 15:10 - overwhelmed. Heb. covered. VERSE 54 - And he. * Ex 15:13,17 Da 9:16-20; 11:45 - his right. * Ps 44:3 Eph 1:14 VERSE 55 - cost. * Ps 44:2; 105:44,45; 135:10-12; 136:18-22 Jos 6:1-45 21:45 Ne 9:22-25 - divided. * Nu 33:54 Jos 13:7; 19:51 - and made. * De 6:10-12 VERSE 56 * :40,41 De 31:16-20; 32:15-21 Jud 2:11,12 2Ki 17:7-23 Ne 9:25,26 * Eze 16:15-26 VERSE 57 - But. * :41 Jud 3:5-7,12 Eze 20:27,28 - they were. * :8,10-37 Ho 7:16 VERSE 58 - their high. * Le 26:30 Nu 33:52 De 12:2,4 Eze 20:28,29 - moved. * :5 79:5 Ex 34:14 De 32:16,17,21 Jud 2:12,20 Eze 8:3-5 1Co 10:22 - with. * :7 97:7 Ex 20:4,5 De 4:16-25; 27:15 Jud 2:11,17; 10:6 1Ki 11:7,10 * 1Ki 12:31 Jer 8:19 Ho 13:2 VERSE 59 - God. * Ps 11:4; 14:2-5 Ge 18:20,21 - greatly. * :40 106:40 Le 20:23; 26:44 La 2:7 Zec 11:8 VERSE 60 * Jos 18:1 1Sa 1:3; 4:4-11 Jer 7:12-14; 26:6-9 VERSE 61 - his strength. That is, the ark, where his power and glory were displayed. * :8 132:8 Jud 18:30 1Sa 5:1,2 2Ch 6:41 - glory. * Ps 24:7 Ex 40:34 1Sa 4:21,22 VERSE 62 - gave. * 1Sa 4:2,10,11 - wrought. * :38 89:38 Isa 64:9 VERSE 63 - fire. * :21 De 29:20; 32:22 - maidens. * Isa 4:1 Jer 7:34; 16:9; 25:10 - given to marriage. Heb. praised. VERSE 64 - priests. * 1Sa 2:33,34; 4:11,17; 22:18,19 - widows. * 1Sa 4:19,20 Job 27:15 Eze 24:23 VERSE 65 - Then. * Ps 7:6; 44:23 Isa 51:9 - and like. * Isa 42:13,14 VERSE 66 - And he. * 1Sa 5:6; 6:4 Job 40:12 - he put. * Jer 23:40 VERSE 67 * 1Sa 6:21; 7:1 2Sa 6:2,17 VERSE 68 - chose. * Ge 49:8-10 Ru 4:17-22 1Sa 16:1 2Ch 6:6 - mount. * :2 87:2 112 32:12-14 VERSE 69 - And he. * 1Ki 6:2; 9:8 2Ch 3:4 - high. * 1Ch 29:1,19 2Ch 2:9 - earth. * :25 102:25; 104:5; 119:90,91 1Sa 2:8 Job 26:7 Isa 48:13; 51:6 * Col 1:16,17 Re 20:11 - established. Heb. founded. VERSE 70 - chose. * :19 89:19,20 1Sa 16:11,12 2Sa 3:18; 6:21 Ac 13:22 - and took. * Ex 3:1,10 1Sa 17:15-54 2Sa 7:8 1Ki 19:19,20 Am 7:14,15 * Mt 4:18-22 VERSE 71 - From following. Heb. From after. ewes. * Ge 33:13 Isa 40:11 - brought. * :6 75:6,7 17 13:7,8 1Sa 2:7,8 Jer 27:5,6 - feed. * 2Sa 5:2 1Ch 11:2 Eze 34:23,24 Mic 5:2-4 Zec 11:4-17 * Mt 2:6 *marg: * Joh 21:15-17 1Pe 5:2 VERSE 72 - according. * :2 75:2 101:1-8 2Sa 8:15 1Ki 9:4; 15:5 Isa 11:2-4 Ac 13:22,36 - guided. * 1Ki 3:6-9,28 Zec 11:15-17 2Co 3:5,6 2Ti 2:15 Jas 5 1:5 GOTO NEXT CHAPTER - TREASURY OF SCRIPTURE KNOWLEDGE INDEX

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