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    RUTH 1

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    1 Elimelech, driven by famine into Moab, dies there. 4 Mahlon and Chilion, having married wives of Moab, die also. 6 Naomi, returning homeward, 8 dissuades her two daughters-in-law from going with her. 14 Orpah leaves her, but Ruth with great constancy accompanies her. 19 They two come to Beth-lehem, where they are gladly received. VERSE 1 - the judges. * Jud 2:16; 12:8 - ruled. Heb. judged. a famine. * Ge 12:10; 26:1; 43:1 Le 26:19 De 28:23,24,38 2Sa 21:1 * 1Ki 17:1-12; 18:2 2Ki 8:1,2 Ps 105:16; 107:34 Jer 14:1 * Eze 14:13,21 Joe 1:10,11,16-20 Am 4:6 - Beth-lehem-judah. * Jud 17:8; 19:1,2 VERSE 2 - Elimelech. The Rabbins say, that Elimelech was the son of Salmon, who married Rahab; and that Naomi was his niece. - Naomi. * :20 - Mahlon. It is imagined, and not without probability, that Mahlon and Chilion are the same with Joash and Saraph, mentioned in 1 Ch 22 4:22. - Ephrathites. * Ge 35:19 1Sa 1:1; 17:21 Mic 5:2 - continued. Heb. were. VERSE 3 - and she was. * 2Ki 4:1 Ps 34:19 Heb 12:6,10,11 VERSE 4 - they took. The Targum says, "they transgressed the decree of the word of the Lord, and took to them strange women." - wives. * De 7:3; 23:3 1Ki 11:1,2 - Ruth. * Mt 1:5 VERSE 5 - A.M. 2696. B.C. 1308. An. Ex. Is. 183. Mahlon. * De 32:39 Ps 89:30-32 Jer 2:19 - died. The Targum adds, "And because they transgressed the decree of the word of the Lord, and joined affinity with strange people, therefore their days were cut off." - and the woman. * Isa 49:21 Mt 22:25-27 Lu 7:12 VERSE 6 - visited. * Ge 21:1; 50:25 Ex 3:16; 4:31 1Sa 2:21 Lu 1:68; 19:44 1Pe 2:12 - in giving. * Ge 28:20; 48:15 Ex 16:4-6 Ps 104:14,15; 111:5; 132:15; 145:15 * Ps 146:7; 147:14 Pr 30:8 Isa 55:10 Mt 6:11 1Ti 6:8 VERSE 7 - she went. * 2Ki 8:3 - they went. * :10,14 Ex 18:27 VERSE 8 - Go. * Jos 24:15-28 Lu 14:25-33 - the Lord. * Php 4:18,19 2Ti 1:16-18 - the dead. * :5; 2:20 Eph 5:22; 6:2,3 Col 3:18,24 VERSE 9 - rest. * Ru 3:1 - she kissed. * Ge 27:27; 29:11; 45:15 Ac 20:37 VERSE 10 - Surely. * Ps 16:3; 119:63 Zec 8:23 VERSE 11 - are there. This alludes to the custom that when a married brother died, without leaving posterity, his brother should take his widow; and the children of such marriages were accounted those of the deceased brother. This address of Naomi to her daughter-in-law is exceedingly tender, persuasive, and affecting. - that they. * Ge 38:11 De 25:5 VERSE 12 - too old. * Ge 17:17 1Ti 5:9 - I should have. or, I were with. VERSE 13 - tarry. Heb. hope. it grieveth me much. Heb. I have much bitterness. the hand. * De 2:15 Jud 2:15 1Sa 5:11 Job 19:21 Ps 32:4; 38:2; 39:9,10 VERSE 14 - Orpah. * Ge 31:28,55 1Ki 19:20 Mt 10:37; 19:22 Mr 10:21,22 2Ti 4:10 - but Ruth. The LXX. add, [ ,] "and returned to her own people." The Vulgate, Syriac, and Arabic are to the same purpose. It seems a very natural addition, and agrees with the assertion in the next verse; and is accordingly adopted by Houbigant as a part of the text. * De 4:4; 10:20 Pr 17:17; 18:24 Isa 14:1 Zec 8:23 Mt 16:24 * Joh 6:66-69 Ac 17:34 Heb 10:39 VERSE 15 - gone back. * Ps 36:3; 125:5 Zep 1:6 Mt 13:20,21 Heb 10:38 1Jo 2:19 - and unto. They were probably both idolaters at this time. That they were convert is an unfounded conjecture; and the conversion of Ruth now only commenced. - her gods. * Jud 11:24 - return. * Jos 24:15,19 2Sa 15:19,20 2Ki 2:2 Lu 14:26-33; 24:28 VERSE 16 - Ruth. A more perfect surrender of friendly feelings to a friend was never made. This was a most extraordinary and disinterested attachment. - Intreat me not. or, Be not against me. to leave. * 2Ki 2:2-6 Lu 24:28,29 Ac 21:13 - whither. * 2Sa 15:21 Mt 8:19 Joh 13:37 Re 14:4 - thy people. * Ru 2:11,12 Ps 45:10 Isa 14:1 - thy God. * Jos 24:18 Da 2:47; 3:29; 4:37 Ho 13:4 2Co 6:16-18 1Th 1:9 VERSE 17 - the lord. * 1Sa 3:17; 25:22 2Sa 3:9,35; 19:13 1Ki 2:23; 19:2; 20:10 2Ki 6:31 - but death. * Ac 11:23; 20:24 VERSE 18 - When. * Ac 21:14 - was stedfastly minded. Heb. strengthened herself. * Ac 2:42 Eph 6:10 VERSE 19 - all the city. From this it would appear that Naomi was not only well known, but also highly respected at Beth-lehem: a proof that Elimelech was of high consideration at that place. * Mt 21:10 - Is this Naomi? * Isa 23:7 La 2:15 VERSE 20 - Naomi. that is, Pleasant. Mara. that is, Bitter. the Almighty. * Ge 17:1; 43:14 Job 5:17; 11:7 Re 1:8; 21:22 - dealt. * Job 6:4; 19:6 Ps 73:14; 88:15 Isa 38:13 La 3:1-20 Heb 12:11 VERSE 21 - and the. * 1Sa 2:7,8 Job 1:21 - the Lord. * Job 10:17; 13:26; 16:8 Mal 3:5 VERSE 22 - in the beginning. At the beginning of Spring; for the barley harvest began immediately after the passover, and that festival was held on the 15th of Nisan, corresponding nearly with our March. * Ru 2:23 Ex 9:31,32 2Sa 21:9 GOTO NEXT CHAPTER - TREASURY OF SCRIPTURE KNOWLEDGE INDEX

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