PS 34 David praises God for his goodness to himself and others, ver. 1-7. Encourages the righteous to trust in him, ver. 8-10. Exhorts them to fear God and depart from evil, ver. 11-14. God's favour to the righteous and displeasure at the wicked, ver. 15-22 A psalm of David, when he changed his behaviour before Abimelech: who drove him away, and he departed. Title of the psalm. When - A psalm made upon that occasion, though not at that time, when he counterfeited madness. Wherein whether he sinned or not, is matter of dispute; but this is undoubted, that his deliverance deserved this solemn acknowledgment. Abimelech - Called Achish, 1 Sam. xxi, 10. But Abimelech seems to have been the common name of the kings of the Philistines, Gen. xx, 2; xxvi, 1, as Pharaoh was of the Egyptians.
Verse 2. Shall boast - Shall glory in this, that I have so powerful and so gracious a master. The humble - The righteous.
Verse 3. Together - Not in place, for David was now banished from the place of God's publick worship, but in affection: let our souls meet, and let our praises meet in the ears of the all-hearing God.
Verse 5. Lightened - Comforted and encouraged. Ashamed - They were not disappointed of their hope.
Verse 6. This man - David.
Verse 7. The angel - The angels, the singular number being put for the plural.
Verse 8. O taste - Make trial, of it by your own experience of it. Good - Merciful and gracious.
Verse 9. Fear - Reverence, serve, and trust him: for fear is commonly put for all the parts of God's worship.
Verse 12. Life - A long and happy life, begun in this world and continued for ever in the next. Good - In which he may enjoy good, prosperity or happiness.
Verse 13. Evil - From all manner of evil speaking, from all injurious, false and deceitful speeches.
Verse 14. Depart - From all sin. Do good - Be ready to perform all good offices to all men. Seek - Study by all means possible to live peaceable with all men. Pursue it - Do not only embrace it gladly when it is offered, but followhard after it, when it seems to flee away from thee.
Verse 16. The face - His anger, which discovers itself in the face.
Verse 18. Nigh - Ready to hear and succor them. To - Those whose spirits are truly humbled under the hand of God, and the sense of their sins, whose hearts are subdued, and made obedient to God's will and submissive to his providence.
Verse 20. Bones - All the parts and members of their bodies.