PS 69 David complains of his troubles, and begs help from God, ver. 1-21. Foretells the judgments of God upon his persecutors, ver. 22-29. Concludes with praise and thanksgiving, ver. 30-36. In all this David was a type of Christ, and several passages of this psalm are applied to him in the New Testament. So that, like the 22nd psalm, it begins with the humiliation, and ends with the exaltation of Christ. To the chief musician upon Shofhannim, a psalm of David.
Verse 5. My sins - But O Lord, although I have been innocent to mine enemies, I am guilty of many sins and follies against thee.
Verse 6. For my sake - Because of my sad disappointments. For if they see me forsaken, they will be discouraged by this example.
Verse 7. For thy sake - For my obedience to thy commands, and zeal for thy glory.
Verse 9. Zeal - That fervent love which I have for thy house and service, and glory, and people. Eaten - Exhausted my spirits. Upon me - I have been as deeply affected with thy reproaches, as with mine own. This tho' truly belonging to David, yet was also directed by the spirit of God in him, to represent the disposition and condition of Christ, in whom it was more fully accomplished, to whom therefore it is applied in the New Testament, the first part of it, John ii, 17, and the latter, Rom. xv, 3.
Verse 10. Wept - For their impiety. Reproach - They derided me for it.
Verse 11. Proverb - A proverb of reproach.
Verse 12. That sit - Vain and idle persons, that spend their time in the gates and markets.
Verse 13. In the truth - Or, According to thy saving truth, or faithfulness; grant me that salvation, which thou hast graciously promised.
Verse 21. Gall - Instead of giving me that comfort which my condition required, they added to my afflictions. Vinegar - These things were metaphorically fulfilled in David, but properly in Christ, the description of whose sufferings was principally intended here by the Holy Ghost.
Verse 22. Their table - And this punishment in their table, exactly answers their sin, in giving Christ gall for his meat, ver. 21. A snare - Their table or meat, which is set before them, shall become a snare: the occasion of their destruction.
Verse 23. Eyes - Not the eyes of their bodies, but of their minds: as they that shut their eyes and will not see, so they shall be judicially blinded. To shake - To take away their strength.
Verse 26. For - Which is an act of barbarous cruelty. Talk - Reproaching them, and triumphing in their calamities.
Verse 27. Wilt add - Give them up to their own lusts. Not let them - Partake of thy righteousness, or of thy mercy and goodness.
Verse 31. This - This hearty sacrifice of praise, is more grateful to God, than the most glorious legal sacrifices. Hath horns - That is both tender and mature, as it is when the hornsbud forth, and the hoofs grow hard.
Verse 32. The humble - Those pious persons who are grieved for their calamities, will heartily rejoice in my deliverance. Live - Or, be revived, which were dejected, and in a manner dead with sorrow.
Verse 33. Prisoners - Those who are in prison or affliction for his sake.
Verse 35. Sion - His church and people. They - His servants, as is explained in the following verse. There - In the literal Canaan for a longtime, in the heavenly Canaan for ever.