Hiram sends artificers and materials to David, to build him a house, 1, 2. David's wives and children, 3-7. He defeats the Philistines in two battles: one in the valley of Rephaim, 8- 12; and the other at Gibeon and Gazer, 13-16. His fame goes out into all the surrounding nations, 17.
Verse 4. "These are the names of his children" - In 2 Sam. v. 14-16, eleven persons only are mentioned in the Hebrew text, but the Septuagint has twenty-four, here there are thirteen, and all the versions have the same number, with certain varieties in the names. - See the notes there.
Verse 8. "The Philistines went up to seek David" - See on 2 Samuel v. 17.
Verse 10. "David inquired of God" - "David consulted the WORD of the Lord." -T.
Verse 11. "Like the breaking forth of waters" - "And David said, The Lord hath broken the enemies of David like to the breaking of a potter's vessel full of water." -T.
Verse 15. "A sound of going" - "When thou shalt hear the sound of the angels coming to thy assistance, then go out to battle; for an angel is sent from the presence of God, that he may render thy way prosperous." -T.
Verse 17. "Into all lands" - That is, all the surrounding or neighbouring lands and nations, for no others can possibly be intended.