Verse 11. "Answered in writing" - Though correspondence among persons of distinction was, in these early times, carried on by confidential messengers, yet we find that epistolary correspondence did exist, and that kings could write and read in what were called by the proud and insolent Greeks and Romans barbarous nations. Nearly two thousand years after this we find a king on the British throne who could not sign his own name.
About the year of our Lord 700, Withred, king of Kent, thus concludes a charter to secure the liberties of the Church: Ego Wythredus rex Cantiae haec omnia suprascripta et confirmavi, atque, a me dictata propria manu signum sanctae crucis pro ignorantia literarum espressi; "All the above dictated by myself, I have confirmed; and because I cannot write, I have with my own hand expressed this by putting the sign of the holy cross +." -See Wilkins' Concilta.
Verse 13. "I have sent a conning man" - His name appears to have been Hiram, or Hiram Abi: see the notes on 1 Kings vii. 13, 14.
Verse 16. "In floats by sea to Joppa" - See the note on 1 Kings v. 9, and on the parallel places, for other matters contained in this chapter.