Verse 3. As the dew of Hermon, and as the dew that descended upon the mountains of Zion - This was not Mount Zion, wyx tsiyon, in Jerusalem, but Sion, ayŤ which is a part of Hermon, see Deut. iv. xl8: "Mount Sion, which is Hermon." On this mountain the dew is very copious. Mr. Maundrell says that "with this dew, even in dry weather, their tents were as wet as if it had rained the whole night." This seems to show the strength of the comparison.
"For there " - Where this unity is.
"The Lord commanded the blessing " - That is, an everlasting life. There he pours out his blessings, and gives a long and happy life.
For other particulars, see the commentators passim, and the following analysis.
ANALYSIS OF THE HUNDRED AND THIRTY-THIRD PSALM
In this Psalm the blessings of peace and unity are recommended and described, whether in the Church, family, or kingdom.
I. It is, says the prophet, a good and pleasant thing, &c., ver. 1.
II. He declares both by similitudes.
1. The pleasantness, by the ointment with which the high priest was anointed.
2. The goodness, by the dew which fell upon the mountains.
3. But in plainer terms, by the blessing of God upon the head of the peaceful.
1. The prophet begins with an encomium of peace, unity, and concord.
1. "Behold." Take notice of it in its effects.
2. "How good and pleasant," &c. He admires, but cannot express it.
3. The encomium itself is expressed by two epithets:
1. It is good, and brings much profit. 2. It is pleasant, and brings much content with it.
4. The concord itself is thus expressed: Brethren, either in a Church, family, or kingdom, should be of one soul, and intent on the common good.
II. The pleasantness is compared to "the precious ointment upon the head." 1. All benefit from this concord; princes, nobles, and people. The head, beard, and skirts.
2. It sends forth a sweet and reviving savour.
3. It is as balsam poured into wounds.
The profit he compares to the dews: "As the dew of Hermon," &c., gently descending, and fructifying and enriching the ground.
And this he sets down without any metaphor: "For there the Lord commanded the blessing," &c.; which approbation he manifests by the abundance he pours where concord and unity are found.
1. He commands his blessing. Makes all creatures useful to them.
2. His blessing is prosperity, good success. To bless is to benefit.
3. This he calls life; for with troubles, griefs, &c., a man's life is no life.
A quiet life those shall have who live in peace, without dissensions respecting religion or in matters connected with the state.