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| Of the Unction. |
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Chapter VII.—Of the
After this, when we have issued from the
we are thoroughly anointed with a blessed
unction,—(a practice derived) from the old discipline, wherein on
entering the priesthood, men were wont to be anointed with oil
from a horn, ever since Aaron was anointed by Moses.8594
Whence Aaron is called
| 8594 See Ex. xxix. 7; Lev. viii. 12; Ps. cxxxiii.
“chrism,” which is “the unction;” which, when
made spiritual, furnished an appropriate name to the Lord, because He
was “anointed” with the Spirit by God the Father; as
written in the Acts: “For truly they were gathered
together in this city8596
| 8595 i.e.
“Anointed.” Aaron, or at least the priest, is actually so
called in the LXX., in Lev.
iv. 5; 16, ὁ ἱερεὺς ὁ
Χριστός: as in the
Hebrew it is the word whence Messiah is derived which is
against Thy Holy
Son whom Thou hast anointed.”8597
Thus, too, in
our case, the unction runs carnally, (i.e. on the body,)
but profits spiritually; in the same way as the act of baptism
itself too is carnal, in that we are plunged in water, but the
effect spiritual, in that we are freed from
| 8597 Acts iv. 27. “In this city” (ἐν
ταύτῃ) is omitted in the English
version; and the name ᾽Ιησοῦν,
“Jesus,” is omitted by Tertullian. Compare Acts x. 38 and Lev. iv. 18 with Isa. lxi.
1 in the LXX.|
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