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Ac 21:1-16. SAILING FROM EPHESUS, THEY LAND AT TYRE, AND THENCE SAILING TO PTOLEMAIS, THEY PROCEED BY LAND TO CÆSAREA AND JERUSALEM.
1. we were gotten--"torn."
2. And finding a ship--their former one going no farther, probably.
3. when we . . . discovered--"sighted," as the phrase is.
4-6. finding disciples--finding out the disciples, implying some
search. They would expect such, from what is recorded,
Perhaps they were not many; yet there were gifted ones among them.
5. they all brought us on our way with wives and children . . . and we kneeled down on the shore and prayed--(See on Ac 20:36). Observe here that the children of these Tyrian disciples not only were taken along with their parents, but must have joined in this act of solemn worship. See on Eph 6:1.
7. when we had finished our course--completing the voyage
8-10. next day we that were of Paul's company departed--(The words
"the were of Paul's company" are omitted in the best manuscripts. They
were probably added as the connecting words at the head of some church
9. the same man had four daughters . . . which did prophesy--fulfilling Joe 2:28 (see Ac 2:18). This is mentioned, it would seem, merely as a high distinction divinely conferred on so devoted a servant of the Lord Jesus, and probably indicates the high tone of religion in his family.
10. tarried there many--"a good many"
11-14. So shall the Jews bind the man that owneth this girdle, &c.--For though the Romans did it, it was at the Jews' instigation (Ac 21:33; Ac 28:17). Such dramatic methods of announcing important future events would bring the old prophets to remembrance. (Compare Isa 20:2, &c.; Jer 13:1, and Eze 5:1, &c.). This prediction and that at Tyre (Ac 21:4) were intended, not to prohibit him from going, but to put his courage to the test and when he stood the test, to deepen and mature it.
13. Then Paul answered, What mean ye to weep and to break mine
heart--Beautiful union of manly resoluteness and womanly
tenderness, alike removed from mawkishness and stoicism!
15, 16. we took up our carriages--"our baggage."
16. went with us . . . and brought with them--rather, "brought us to."
Ac 21:17-40. PAUL REPORTS THE EVENTS OF HIS THIRD MISSIONARY JOURNEY--IN THE TEMPLE, PURIFYING HIMSELF FROM A JEWISH VOW, HE IS SEIZED BY A MOB AND BEATEN TO THE DANGER OF HIS LIFE--THE UPROAR BECOMING UNIVERSAL, THE ROMAN COMMANDANT HAS HIM BROUGHT IN CHAINS TO THE FORTRESS, FROM THE STAIRS OF WHICH HE IS PERMITTED TO ADDRESS THE PEOPLE.
The apostle was full of anxiety about this visit to Jerusalem, from the numerous prophetic intimations of danger awaiting him, and having reason to expect the presence at this feast of the very parties from whose virulent rage he had once and again narrowly escaped with his life. Hence we find him asking the Roman Christians to wrestle with him in prayer, "for the Lord Jesus Christ's sake, and for the love of the Spirit, that he might be delivered from them that believed not in Judea," as well as "that his service which he had for Jerusalem (the great collection for the poor saints there) might be accepted of the saints" (Ro 15:30, 31).
18. Paul went in with us unto James; and all the elders were present--to "report himself" formally to the acknowledged head of the church at Jerusalem, and his associates in office. See on Ac 15:13. Had any other of the apostles been in Jerusalem on that occasion, it could hardly fail to have been noted.
19. he declared particularly--in detail.
20-25. they glorified the Lord, &c.--constrained to justify his course, notwithstanding the Jewish complexion of the Christianity of Jerusalem.
21. they are informed . . . that thou teachest all the Jews which are
among the Gentiles--those residing in heathen countries.
23. we have four men--Christian Jews, no doubt.
24. be at charges with them--that is, defray the expense of the sacrifices legally required of them, along with his own, which was deemed a mark of Jewish generosity.
25. touching the Gentiles . . . we have written and concluded that they observe no such things, &c.--This shows that with all their conciliation to Jewish prejudice, the Church of Jerusalem was taught to adhere to the decision of the famous council held there (Ac 15:19-29).
26. to signify--that is, announce to the priest.
29. Trophimus--(See on Ac 20:4).
34. some cried one thing--The difficulty would be so to state his
crimes as to justify their proceedings to a Roman officer.
35, 36. Away with him--as before of his Lord (Lu 23:18; Joh 19:15).
38. madest an uproar, &c.--The narrative is given in JOSEPHUS [Wars of the Jews, 2.8.6; 13.5], though his two allusions and ours seem to refer to different periods of the rebellion.
39. a citizen of no mean city--(See on Ac 16:37).
40. stood on the stairs--"What nobler spectacle than that of Paul at
this moment! There he stood, bound with two chains, ready to make his
defense to the people. The Roman commander sits by, to enforce order by
his presence. An enraged populace look up to him from below. Yet in the
midst of so many dangers, how self-possessed is he, how tranquil!"
[CHRYSOSTOM (or in his name) in