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Ac 22:1-30. PAUL'S DEFENSE FROM THE STAIRS OF THE FORTRESS--THE RAGE OF THE AUDIENCE BURSTING FORTH, THE COMMANDANT HAS HIM BROUGHT INTO THE FORT TO BE EXAMINED BY SCOURGING, BUT LEARNING THAT HE IS A ROMAN, HE ORDERS HIS RELEASE AND COMMANDS THE SAMHEDRIM TO TRY HIM.
2. when they heard . . . the Hebrew tongue--(See on
3. a Jew of Tarsus, brought up in this city, at the
8. Jesus of Nazareth--the Nazarene. See on Ac 9:5.
9-11. they that were with me--(See on Ac 9:7, &c.)
12. Ananias, a devout man, according to the law, having a good report of all the Jews which dwelt there--One would not know from this description of Ananias that he was a Christian at all, the apostles object being to hold him up as unexceptionable, even to the most rigid Jews.
13-15. The God of our fathers hath chosen thee--studiously linking the new economy upon the old, as but the sequel of it; both having one glorious Author.
14. that thou shouldest . . . see that--"the"
16. be baptized and wash away thy sins--This way of speaking arises
from baptism being the visible seal of remission.
17-21. it came to pass, &c.--This thrilling dialogue between the
glorified Redeemer and his chosen vessel is nowhere else related.
18. get . . . quickly out of Jerusalem--compare
21. depart for I will send thee far hence unto the Gentiles--that is, "Enough; thy testimony is not to be thrown away upon Jerusalem; the Gentiles, afar off, are thy peculiar sphere."
22, 23. gave him audience to this word . . . then . . . Away with such a fellow from the earth, &c.--Their national prejudices lashed into fury at the mention of a mission to the Gentiles, they would speedily have done to him as they did to Stephen, but for the presence and protection of the Roman officer.
24-26. examined by scourging--according to the Roman practice.
25. Paul said to the centurion that stood by--to superintend the
torture and receive the confession expected to be wrung from him.
28. With a great sum obtained I this freedom--Roman citizenship was
bought and sold in the reign of Claudius, we know, at a high price: at a
subsequent date, for next to nothing. But to put in a false claim to
this privilege was a capital crime.
29. chief captain also was afraid, &c.--See on Ac 16:38.
30. commanded the chief priests and all their council to appear--that is, the Sanhedrim to be formally convened. Note here the power to order a Sanhedrim to try this case, assumed by the Roman officers and acquiesced in on their part.