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Isa 31:1-9. THE CHIEF STRENGTH OF THE EGYPTIAN ARMIES LAY IN THEIR CAVALRY.
1. and stay on horses, and trust in chariots--In their level and fertile plains horses could easily be used and fed (Ex 14:9; 1Ki 10:28). In hilly Palestine horses were not so easily had or available. The Jews were therefore the more eager to get Egyptian chariots as allies against the Assyrian cavalry. In Assyrian sculptures chariots are represented drawn by three horses, and with three men in them (see Isa 36:9; Ps 20:7; Da 9:13).
2. he also is wise--as well as the Egyptian priests, so famed for
but who are "fools" before Him
He not only devises, but executes what He devises without "calling back
5. As in the image of "the lion," the point of comparison is the
fearless might of Jehovah; so in that of the birds, it is His solicitous
6. The power and love of Jehovah, just mentioned, are the strongest
incentives for returning to Him
(Eze 16:62, 63;
7. In the day of trial the idols will be found to render no help and
will therefore be cast away. Compare as to the future restoration and
conversion of Israel simultaneously with the interposition of Jehovah in
Zec 12:9-14; 13:1, 2.
8. Assyrian--Sennacherib, representative of some powerful head of the
ungodly in the latter ages [HORSLEY].
9. Rather, "shall pass beyond his strongholds"; he Shall not stop
to take refuge in it through fear