The times of purity and happiness which shall follow the defeat of the
enemies of Jehovah's people
The period of wrath before that happy state
The assurance of the final prosperity of the Church is repeated
1. king--not Hezekiah, who was already on the throne, whereas a
future time is contemplated. If he be meant at all, it can only be
as a type of Messiah the King, to whom alone the language is fully
The kingdom shall be transferred from the world kings, who have
exercised their power against God, instead of for God, to
the rightful King of kings
Da 7:13, 14).
princes--subordinate; referring to all in authority under Christ in
the coming kingdom on earth, for example, the apostles, &c.
Re 2:26, 27; 3:21).
2. a man--rather, the man Christ
[LOWTH]; it is as "the Son of
man" He is to reign, as it was as Son of man He suffered
Joh 5:27; 19:5).
Not as MAURER explains, "every one of the
princes shall be," &c.
rivers--as refreshing as water and the cool shade are to the heated
(Isa 35:6, 7; 41:18).
3. them that see--the seers or prophets.
them that hear--the people under instruction
(Isa 35:5, 6).
4. rash--rather, "the hasty"; contrast "shall not make haste"
the reckless who will not take time to weigh religious truth aright. Or
else, the well-instructed [HORSLEY].
stammers--those who speak confusedly on divine things (compare
Mt 10:19, 20).
Or, rather, those drunken scorners who in stammering style
imitated Isaiah's warnings to mock them [MAURER]
(Isa 28:7-11, 13, 14, 22; 29:20);
in this view, translate, "speak uprightly" (agreeably to the
divine law); not as English Version, referring to the
distinctness of articulation, "plainly."
5. vile--rather, "fool"
[LOWTH]; that is, ungodly
(Ps 14:1; 74:18).
churl--rather, "fraudulent" [GESENIUS].
bountiful--religiously. The atheistic churl, who envies the believer
his hope "full of immortality," shall no longer be held as a patriot
struggling for the emancipation of mankind from superstition
6. vile . . . villainy--rather, "the (irreligious) fool . . . (his)
will speak--rather, "present"; for (so far is the "fool" from
deserving the epithet "noble-minded") the fool "speaketh" folly and
error--impiety, perverse arguments.
7. churl--"the fraudulent"; this verse refers to the last clause of
referred to its first clause.
speaketh right--pleadeth a just cause
spiritually, "the poor man's cause" is the divine doctrine, his rule of
faith and practice.
8. liberal--rather, "noble-minded."
stand--shall be approved under the government of the righteous King.
9-20. Address to the women of Jerusalem who troubled themselves little
about the political signs of the times, but lived a life of
the failure of food through the devastations of the enemy is here
foretold, being what was most likely to affect them as mothers of
families, heretofore accustomed to every luxury. VITRINGA understands "women--daughters" as the cities and
villages of Judea
10. Many days and years--rather, "In little more than a year"
[MAURER]; literally, "days upon a year" (so
vintage shall fail--through the arrival of the Assyrian invader. As
the wheat harvest is omitted, Isaiah must look for the invasion in the
summer or autumn of 714 B.C., when the wheat would have been secured
already, and the later fruit "gathering," and vintage would be still in
11. strip you--of your gay clothing. (See
Isa 2:19, 21).
12. lament for . . . teats--rather, shall smite on their breasts in
lamentation "for thy pleasant fields"
[MAURER]. "Teats" in English Version is
used for fertile lands, which, like breasts, nourish life. The
transition from "ye" to "they"
(Isa 32:11, 12)
(Isa 5:6; 7:23).
houses of joy--pleasure-houses outside of Jerusalem, not Jerusalem
itself, but other cities destroyed by Sennacherib in his march
However, the prophecy, in its full accomplishment, refers to the
utter desolation of Judea and its capital by Rome, and
subsequently, previous to the second coming of the King
Lu 13:35; 19:38);
"the joyous city" is in this view, Jerusalem
14. palaces--most applicable to Jerusalem
multitude . . . left--the noisy din of the city, that
is, the city with its noisy multitude shall lie forsaken
forts--rather, "Ophel" (that is, the mound), the term applied
specially to the declivity on the east of Zion, surrounded with its own
(2Ch 27:3; 33:14;
and furnished with "towers" (or watchtowers), perhaps referred to here
(Ne 3:26, 27).
for ever--limited by thee, "until," &c.,
for a long time.
15. This can only partially apply to the spiritual revival in
Hezekiah's time; its full accomplishment belongs to the Christian
dispensation, first at Pentecost
perfectly in coming times
Eze 36:26; 39:29;
when the Spirit shall be poured on Israel, and through it on the
wilderness . . . fruitful field . . . forest--when Judea, so long
waste, shall be populous and fruitful, and the land of the enemies of
God shall be desolate. Or, "the field, now fruitful, shall be but as a
barren forest in comparison with what it shall be then"
The barren shall become fruitful by regeneration; those already
regenerate shall bring forth fruits in such abundance that their former
life shall seem but as a wilderness where no fruits were.
fruitful field--then become more fruitful
thus "wilderness" and "fruitful field" include the whole land of
17. work--the effect
peace--internal and external.
18. sure . . . quiet--free from fear of invasion.
19. Literally, "But it shall hail with coming down of the forest, and
in lowness shall the city (Nineveh) be brought low; that is, humbled."
The "hail" is Jehovah's wrathful visitation
(Isa 30:30; 28:2, 17).
The "forest" is the Assyrian host, dense as the trees of a forest
(Isa 10:18, 19, 33, 34;
20. While the enemy shall be brought "low," the Jews shall cultivate
their land in undisturbed prosperity.
all waters--well-watered places
The Hebrew translation, "beside," ought rather to be translated,
where the meaning is, "Cast thy seed upon the waters when the river
overflows its banks; the seed will sink into the mud and will spring up
when the waters subside, and you will find it after many days in a rich
harvest." Before sowing, they send oxen, &c., into the water to tread
the ground for sowing. CASTALIO thinks there is
an allusion to the Mosaic precept, not to plough with an ox and ass
together, mystically implying that the Jew was to have no intercourse
with Gentiles; the Gospel abolishes this distinction
thus the sense here is, Blessed are ye that sow the gospel seed without
distinction of race in the teachers or the taught. But there is no need
of supposing that the ox and ass here are yoked together; they are
probably "sent forth" separately, as in