title). A festal Psalm, probably for the passover (compare
in which, after an exhortation to praise God, He is introduced,
reminding Israel of their obligations, chiding their neglect, and
depicting the happy results of obedience.
1. our strength--
2. unites the most joyful kinds of music, vocal and instrumental.
3. the new moon--or the month.
the time appointed--(Compare
5. a testimony--The feasts, especially the passover, attested God's
relation to His people.
went out through--or, "over," that is, Israel in the exodus.
I heard--change of person. The writer speaks for the nation.
An aggravation or element of their distress that their oppressors were
6. God's language alludes to the burdensome slavery of the Israelites.
7. secret place--the cloud from which He troubled the Egyptians
(Ps 7:10; 17:3)
--tested their faith by the miracle.
The reproof follows to
if thou wilt hearken--He then propounds the terms of His covenant:
they should worship Him alone, who
had delivered them, and would still confer all needed blessings.
11, 12. They failed, and He gave them up to their own desires and
hardness of heart
13-16. Obedience would have secured all promised blessings and the
subjection of foes. In this passage, "should have," "would have," &c.,
are better, "should" and "would" expressing God's intention at the time,
that is, when they left Egypt.