David is the most probable author; and the pestilence, mentioned in
the most probable of any special occasion to which the Psalm may refer.
The changes of person allowable in poetry are here frequently made.
1. dwelleth in the secret place--
(Ps 27:5; 31:20)
denotes nearness to God. Such as do so abide or lodge secure from
assaults, and can well use the terms of trust in
3. snares . . . [and] . . . noisome pestilence--literally,
"plagues of mischiefs"
(Ps 5:9; 52:7),
are expressive figures for various evils.
4. For the first figure compare
buckler--literally, "surrounding"--that is, a kind of shield covering
5. terror--or, what causes it
by night--then aggravated.
arrow--that is, of enemies.
7, 8. The security is more valuable, as being special, and, therefore,
evidently of God; and while ten thousands of the wicked fall, the
righteous are in such safety that they only see the calamity.
9-12. This exemption from evil is the result of trust in God, who
employs angels as ministering spirits
13. Even the fiercest, strongest, and most insidious animals may be
trampled on with impunity.
14-16. God Himself speaks (compare
Ps 46:10; 75:2, 3).
All the terms to express safety and peace indicate the most undoubting
Ps 18:2; 20:1; 22:5).
set his love--that of the most ardent kind.
16. show him--literally, "make him see"