A Psalm-song--(see on
title). The theme: God should be praised for His righteous judgments on
the wicked and His care and defense of His people. Such a topic, at all
times proper, is specially so for the reflections of the Sabbath
1. sing . . . name--celebrate Thy perfections.
2. in the morning, . . . every night--diligently and constantly
loving kindness--literally, "mercy."
faithfulness--in fulfilling promises
3. In such a work all proper aid must be used.
with a . . . sound--or, on Higgaion
perhaps an instrument of that name, from its sound resembling the
muttered sound of meditation, as expressed also by the word. This is
joined with the harp.
4. thy work--that is, of providence
(Ps 90:16, 17).
5. great . . . works--correspond to deep or vast thoughts
6. A brutish man knoweth not--that is, God's works, so the Psalmist
when amazed by the prosperity of the wicked, now understood and
8. This he does in part, by contrasting their ruin with God's
exaltation and eternity.
most high--as occupying the highest place in heaven
(Ps 7:7; 18:16).
9, 10. A further contrast with the wicked, in the lot of the righteous,
safety and triumph.
10. horn . . . exalt--is to increase power
anointed . . . fresh--or, "new"
a figure for refreshment (compare
Such use of oil is still common in the East.
11. see . . . [and] . . . hear my desire--or, literally, "look on"
my enemies and hear of the wicked (compare
Ps 27:11; 54:7)
--that is, I shall be gratified by their fall.
12-14. The vigorous growth, longevity, utility, fragrance, and beauty
of these noble trees, set forth the life, character, and destiny of the
15. and they thus declare God's glory as their strong and righteous