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    1 SAMUEL 15

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    1 Samuel sends Saul to destroy Amalek. 6 Saul favors the Kenites. 7 He spares Agag and the best of the spoil. 10 Samuel denounces unto Saul God's rejection of him for his disobedience. 24 Saul's humiliation. 32 Samuel kills Agag. 34 Samuel and Saul part. VERSE 1 - A.M. 2925. B.C. 1079. An. Ex. Is. 412. The Lord. * :17,18; 9:16; 10:1 - hearken. * :16; 12:14; 13:13 2Sa 23:2,3 1Ch 22:12,13 Ps 2:10,11 VERSE 2 - I remember. * Jer 31:34 Ho 7:2 Am 8:7 - Amalek. * Ex 17:8-16 Nu 24:20 De 25:17-19 VERSE 3 - Now go. The Amalekites, a people of Arabia Petraea, who inhabited a tract of country on the frontiers of Egypt and Canaan, had acted with great cruelty towards the Israelites on their coming out of Egypt, and God then purposed that Amalek, as a nation, should be blotted out from under heaven; but it had been spared till it had filled up the measure of its iniquities, and now this purpose is carried into effect by Saul, upwards of 400 years afterwards! Nothing could justify such an exterminating decree but the absolute authority of God; and this was given: all the reasons of it we do not know; but this we know well, the Judge of all the earth doeth right. - utterly destroy. * Le 27:28,29 Nu 24:20 De 13:15,16; 20:16-18 Jos 6:17-21 - slay. * Ex 20:5 Nu 31:17 Isa 14:21,22 - ox and sheep. * Ge 3:17,18 Ro 8:20-22 VERSE 4 - Telaim. * Jos 15:24 - Telem. two. * 1Sa 11:8; 13:15 VERSE 5 - laid wait. or, fought. * :5 VERSE 6 - the Kenites. * 1Sa 27:10 Nu 24:21,22 Jud 1:16; 4:11; 5:24 1Ch 2:55 - Go, depart. * Ge 18:25; 19:12-16 Nu 16:26,27,34 Pr 9:6 Ac 2:40 2Co 6:17 * Re 18:14 - ye shewed. * Ex 18:9,10,19 Nu 10:29-32 2Ti 1:16 VERSE 7 - smote. * 1Sa 14:48 Job 21:30 Ec 8:13 - Havilah. This Havilah was probably situated in Arabia, and the district of Chaulon may mark the spot. It seems different from that encompassed by the river Pison, one of the rivers of Eden. * Ge 2:11; 25:18 - Shur. * 1Sa 27:8 Ge 16:7 VERSE 8 - Agag. * :3 Nu 24:7 1Ki 20:30,34-42 Es 3:1 - utterly. * 1Sa 27:8; 30:1 Jos 10:39; 11:12 VERSE 9 - the best. * :3,15,19 Jos 7:21 - the fatlings. or, the second sort. * 2Sa 6:13 VERSE 10 VERSE 11 - repenteth me. * :35 Ge 6:6 2Sa 24:16 Ps 110:4 Jer 18:7-10 Am 7:3 Jon 3:10; 4:2 - turned. * Jos 22:16 1Ki 9:6 Ps 36:3; 78:41,57; 125:5 Zep 1:6 Mt 24:13 * Heb 10:38 - hath not performed. * :3,9; 13:13 - it grieved. * :35; 16:1 Ps 136 119:136 Jer 9:1,18; 13:17 Lu 19:41-44 Ro 9:1-3 - he cried. * 1Sa 12:23 Ps 109:4 Mt 5:44 Lu 6:12 VERSE 12 - Carmel. * 1Sa 25:2 Jos 15:55 1Ki 18:42 - he set him. * 1Sa 7:12 Jos 4:8,9 2Sa 18:18 - a place. Yad. Literally as the LXX. render [ ,] a hand; probably because the trophy or monument of victory was in the shape of a large hand, the emblem of power, erected on a pillar. These memorial pillars were anciently much in use; and the figure of a hand, by its emblematical meaning, was well adapted to preserve the remembrance of a victory. Niebuhr, speaking of the Mesjed Ali, or Mosque of Ali, says that, "at the top of the dome, where one generally sees on the Turkish mosques a crescent, or only a pole, there is here a hand stretched out, to represent that of Ali." Another writer informs us, that at the Alhamra, or red palace of the Moorish kings in Grenada, "on the key-stone of the outward arch [of the present principal entrance] is sculptured the figure of an arm, the symbol of strength and dominion." VERSE 13 - Blessed. * 1Sa 13:10 Ge 14:19 Jud 17:2 Ru 3:10 - I have performed. * :9,11 Ge 3:12 Pr 27:2; 28:13; 30:13; 31:31 Lu 17:10; 18:11 VERSE 14 - What meaneth. * Ps 36:2; 50:16-21 Jer 2:18,19,22,23,34-37 Mal 3:13-15 Lu 19:22 * Ro 3:19 1Co 4:5 VERSE 15 - for. * :9,21 Ge 3:12,13 Ex 32:22,23 Job 31:33 Pr 28:13 - to. * Mt 2:8 Lu 10:29 VERSE 16 - Stay. * 1Sa 9:27; 12:7 1Ki 22:16 VERSE 17 - When thou. * 1Sa 9:21; 10:22 Jud 6:15 Ho 13:1 Mt 18:4 - the Lord. * :1-3; 10:1 VERSE 18 - the sinners. * Ge 13:13; 15:16 Nu 16:38 Job 31:3 Pr 10:29; 13:21 - they be consumed. Heb. they consume them. VERSE 19 - fly upon. * Pr 15:27 Jer 7:11 Hab 2:9-12 2Ti 4:10 - didst evil. * 2Ch 33:2,6; 36:12 VERSE 20 - Yea. * :13 Job 33:9; 34:5; 35:2; 40:8 Mt 19:20 Lu 10:29; 18:11 Ro 10:3 - have brought. * :3,8 VERSE 21 - the people. * :15 Ge 3:13 Ex 32:22,23 VERSE 22 - Hath the Lord. * Ps 50:8,9; 51:16,17 Pr 21:3 Isa 1:11-17 Jer 7:22,23 Ho 6:6 * Am 5:21-24 Mic 6:6-8 Mt 9:13; 12:7; 23:23 Heb 10:4-10 - obey. * Ex 19:5 Ec 5:1 Jer 7:23; 11:4,7; 26:13 Ho 6:6 Mt 5:24 Mr 12:33 VERSE 23 - rebellion. * 1Sa 12:14,15 Nu 14:9 De 9:7,24 Jos 22:16-19 Job 34:37 Ps 107:11 * Jer 28:16; 29:32 Eze 2:5-8 - witchcraft. Heb. divination. * Ex 22:18 Le 20:6,27 De 18:10,11 Isa 8:19; 19:3 Re 22:15 - stubbornness. * 2Co 6:16 Ga 5:20 Re 21:8 - thou hast rejected. * 1Sa 2:30; 13:14; 16:1 2Ki 17:15-20 1Ch 28:9 VERSE 24 - I have sinned. * :30 Ex 9:27; 10:16 Nu 22:34 2Sa 12:13 Mt 27:4 - I feared. * :9,15 Ex 23:2 Job 31:34 Pr 29:25 Isa 51:12,13 Lu 23:20-25 * Ga 1:10 Re 21:8 - obeyed. * 1Sa 2:29 Ge 3:12,17 Jer 38:5 VERSE 25 - pardon. * Ex 10:17 VERSE 26 - I will not. * :31 Ge 42:38; 43:11-14 Lu 24:28,29 2Jo 1:11 - for thou. See on ver. * :23; 2:30; 13:14; 16:1 Jer 6:19 Ho 4:6 VERSE 27 VERSE 28 - The Lord. * 1Sa 28:17,18 1Ki 11:30,31 - hath given. * 1Sa 2:7,8 Jer 27:5,6 Da 4:17,32 Joh 19:11 Ro 13:1 - a neighbor. * 1Sa 13:14; 16:12 Ac 13:22 VERSE 29 - Strength. or, Eternity, or, Victory. * De 33:27 Ps 29:11; 68:35 Isa 45:24 Joe 3:16 2Co 12:9 Php 4:13 - will not lie. * Nu 14:28,29; 23:19 Ps 95:11 Eze 24:14 2Ti 2:13 Tit 1:2 * Heb 6:18 VERSE 30 - honor me now. * Hab 2:4 Joh 5:44; 12:43 - that I may worship. * Isa 29:13 Lu 18:9-14 2Ti 3:5 VERSE 31 VERSE 32 - Agag said. * Jer 48:44 1Th 5:3 Re 18:7 VERSE 33 - As thy sword. * Ge 9:6 Ex 17:11 Nu 14:45 Jud 1:7 Mt 7:2 Jas 13 2:13 Re 16:6; 18:6 - Samuel. It has been a matter of wonder to many, how Samuel could thus slay a captive prince, even in the presence of Saul, who from motives of clemency had spared him; but it should be remarked, that what Samuel did here, he did in his magisterial capacity; and that Agag had been a cruel tyrant, and therefore was cut off for his merciless cruelties. Farther, it is not likely that he did it by his own sword, but by that of the executioner. What kings, civil officers, and generals do, in an official way, by their subjects, servants, or soldiers, they are said to do themselves:--{qui facit per alterum, facit per se.} - hewed. * Nu 25:7,8 1Ki 18:40 Isa 34:6 Jer 48:10 VERSE 34 - Gibeah. * 1Sa 11:4 VERSE 35 - Samuel. * 1Sa 19:24 - Samuel mourned. * :11; 16:1 Ps 136 119:136,158 Jer 9:1,2 Ro 9:2,3 Php 3:18 - repented. * :11 Ge 6:6 GOTO NEXT CHAPTER - TREASURY OF SCRIPTURE KNOWLEDGE INDEX

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