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    1 SAMUEL 26

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    1 Saul, by the discovery of the Ziphites, comes to Hachilah against David. 4 David coming into the trench stays Abishai from killing Saul, but takes his spear and cruse. 13 David reproves Abner; 17 and exhorts Saul. 21 Saul acknowledges his sin. VERSE 1 - Ziphites. * Jos 15:24,55 - Doth not. * :3; 23:19 Ps 54:1 *title VERSE 2 - Saul arose. * 1Sa 23:23-25; 24:17 Ps 38:12; 140:4-9 - three thousand. * 1Sa 24:2 VERSE 3 - Hachilah. * :1; 23:19 VERSE 4 * Jos 2:1 Mt 10:16 VERSE 5 - Abner. * 1Sa 9:1; 14:50,51; 17:55 2Sa 2:8-12; 3:7,8,27,33-38 1Ch 9:39 - trench. or, midst of his carriages. * 1Sa 17:20 The word {magal} never signifies a ditch or rampart, but a chariot or waggon way. Nor does it seem to denote a ring of carriages, as Buxtorf and others interpret the word; for it is not probable that Saul would encumber his army with baggage in so rapid a pursuit, nor that so mountainous a country was practicable for waggons. It appears simply to mean here, the circular encampment (from {agal,} "round") which these troops formed, in the midst of which, as being the place of honor, Saul reposed. An Arab camp, D'Arvieux informs us, is always circular, when the disposition of the ground will permit, the prince being in the middle, and the troops at a respectful distance around him. Add to which, their lances are fixed near them in the ground all the day long, ready for action. VERSE 6 - Hittite. * Ge 10:15; 15:20 2Sa 11:6,21,24; 12:9; 23:39 - to Abishai. * 2Sa 2:18; 16:9,10; 18:5; 23:18 1Ch 2:16 - Zeruiah. * 1Ch 2:15,16 - Who will go. * 1Sa 14:6,7 Jud 7:10,11 VERSE 7 - sleeping. * 1Th 5:2,3 VERSE 8 - God. * :23; 23:14; 24:4,18,19 Jos 21:44 Jud 1:4 - delivered. Heb. shut up. * 1Sa 24:18 De 32:30 Ps 31:8 Ro 11:32 *marg: * Ga 3:22,23 - the second time. * Na 1:9 VERSE 9 - who can stretch. * 1Sa 24:6,7 2Sa 1:14,16 Ps 105:15 VERSE 10 - the Lord liveth. * 1Sa 24:15; 25:26,38 Ps 94:1,2,23 Lu 18:7 Ro 12:19 Re 18:8 - his day. * Ge 47:29 De 31:14 Job 7:1; 14:5,14 Ps 37:10,13 Ec 3:2 Heb 9:27 - he shall descend. * 1Sa 31:6 De 32:35 VERSE 11 - that I should. * 1Sa 24:6,12 2Sa 1:14,16 VERSE 12 - So David. * :7; 24:4 - a deep sleep. * Ge 2:21; 15:12 Es 6:1 Isa 29:10 VERSE 13 - the top. * 1Sa 24:8 Jud 9:7 David, by retiring to a place of safety before he called to Abner, seems to have manifested more distrust of Saul than he had done on a former occasion. Yet he desired that Saul and all Israel should be informed of his conduct at this time. Abner and his soldiers, by neglecting to guard Saul when he slept, had exposed his life, and merited to be treated as his enemies, though he confided in them as friends; for, although their sound sleep was undoubtedly supernatural, yet there might be a neglect of placing sentinels, arising from contempt of David's small company. Saul also deemed David his enemy, though he had before spared and protected his life. VERSE 14 VERSE 15 - there came. * :8 VERSE 16 - worthy to die. Heb. the sons of death. * 1Sa 20:31 2Sa 12:5; 19:28 Ps 79:11; 102:20 *margins * Eph 2:3 - Lord's. * :9,11; 24:6 VERSE 17 - Is this thy. * 1Sa 24:8,16 VERSE 18 - Wherefore. * 1Sa 24:9,11-14 Ps 7:3-5; 35:7; 69:4 - what have I. * 1Sa 17:29 Joh 8:46; 10:32; 18:23 VERSE 19 - let my lord. * 1Sa 25:24 Ge 44:18 - stirred. * 1Sa 16:14-23; 18:10 2Sa 16:11; 24:1 1Ki 22:22 1Ch 21:1 - accept. Heb. smell. * Ge 8:21 Le 26:31 Ps 119:1-8 - cursed. * Pr 6:16-19; 30:10 Ga 1:8,9; 5:12 2Ti 4:14 - they have driven. * De 4:27,28 Jos 22:25-27 Ps 42:1,2; 120:5 Isa 60:5 Ro 14:15 - abiding. Heb. cleaving. the inheritance. * 2Sa 14:16; 20:19 VERSE 20 - let not my. * 1Sa 2:9; 25:29 - the king. * 1Sa 24:14 Mt 26:47,55 - a flea. {Parosh,} (in Arabic {borghooth,} Syriac, {poorthano,}) the well known little contemptible and troublesome insect, the flea, seems to be so called from its agility in leaping and skipping, from {para,} "free," and {raash,} "to leap, bound." David, by comparing himself to this insect, seems to import, that while it would cost Saul much pains to catch him, he would obtain but very little advantage from it. - a partridge. {Korai} certainly denotes the partridge, which is called in Arabic, {kira.} It seems to be so called from the cry or {cur} which it utters when calling its young. VERSE 21 - I have sinned. * 1Sa 15:24,30; 24:17 Ex 9:27 Nu 22:34 Mt 27:4 - I will no. * 1Sa 27:4 - my soul. * :24; 18:30 Ps 49:8; 116:15 VERSE 22 VERSE 23 - render. * 1Ki 8:32 Ne 13:14 Ps 7:8,9; 18:20-26 - I would not. * :9,11; 24:6,7 VERSE 24 - as thy life. * Ps 18:25 Mt 5:7; 7:2 - let him deliver. * Ge 48:16 Ps 18:1 *title * Ps 18:48; 34:17,18; 144:2 Ac 14:22 2Co 1:9,10 * 2Th 3:2 Re 7:14 VERSE 25 - Blessed. * 1Sa 24:19 Nu 24:9,10 - prevail. * Ge 32:28 Isa 54:17 Ho 12:4 Ro 8:35,37 - So David. * 1Sa 24:22 Pr 26:25 GOTO NEXT CHAPTER - TREASURY OF SCRIPTURE KNOWLEDGE INDEX

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