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    JOSHUA 21

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    1 Eight and forty cities given by lot, out of the other tribes, unto the Levites. 43 God gives the land, and rest unto the Israelites, according to his promise. VERSE 1 - the heads. * Jos 19:51 Ex 6:14,25 - Eleazar. * Jos 14:1; 17:4 Nu 34:17-29 VERSE 2 - Shiloh. See on ch. * Jos 18:1 - The Lord. * Nu 35:2-8 Eze 48:9-18 Mt 10:10 Ga 6:6 1Ti 5:17,18 VERSE 3 - unto the Levites. * Ge 49:7 De 33:8-10 1Ch 6:54-81 VERSE 4 - the children. * :8-19; 24:33 1Ch 6:54-60 - the tribe. These tribes furnished more habitation to the Levites, in proportion, than any of the other tribes, because they possessed a more extensive inheritance, agreeably to what Moses had commanded (Nu 35:8.) It is worthy of remark, that the principal part of this tribe, whose business was to minister at the sanctuary, which sanctuary was afterwards established at Jerusalem, had their appointment nearest to that city; so that they were always within reach of the sacred work which God had appointed them. VERSE 5 * :20-26 Ge 46:11 Ex 6:16-25 Nu 3:27 1Ch 6:18,19,61,66-70 VERSE 6 * :27-33 Ex 6:16,17 Nu 3:21,22 1Ch 6:62,71-76 VERSE 7 * :34-40 Ex 6:19 Nu 3:20 1Ch 6:63,77-81 VERSE 8 - by lot. * :3; 18:6 Nu 33:54; 35:3 Pr 16:33; 18:18 - as the Lord. * Nu 32:2 VERSE 9 - these cities. * :13-18 1Ch 6:65 - mentioned. Heb. called. VERSE 10 - See on ver. * :4 Ex 6:18,20-26 Nu 3:2-4,19,27; 4:2 VERSE 11 - And they. * 1Ch 6:55 - the city of Arba. or, Kirjath-arba. * Jos 15:13,14,54 Ge 23:2; 35:27 Jud 1:10 - is Hebron. * 2Sa 2:1-3; 5:1-5; 15:7 - in the hill. * Jos 20:7-9 Lu 1:39 VERSE 12 * Jos 14:13-15 1Ch 6:55-57 VERSE 13 - they gave. * 1Ch 6:56 - Hebron. * Jos 15:54 - a city. * Jos 20:7 Nu 35:6 - Libnah. * Jos 10:29; 15:42 1Ch 6:57 Isa 37:8 VERSE 14 - Jattir. Jattir or Jether, according to Eusebius, was situated in the district of Daroma, or the southern part of Judah, 20 miles (south) from Eleutheropolis, towards the city of Malatha. * Jos 15:48 1Sa 30:27,28 - Eshtemoa. Eusebius says Eshtemoa, or Esthema, was a great city in the south of Judah, and in the district of Eleutheropolis, north of that city. * Jos 15:50 - Eshtemoh. VERSE 15 - Holon. * Jos 15:51 1Ch 6:58 - Hilen. Debir. * Jos 12:13; 15:49 VERSE 16 - Ain. * Jos 15:42 1Ch 6:59 - Ashan. Juttah. Eusebius says Juttah was a great town 18 miles south from Eleutheropolis. * Jos 15:55 - Beth-shemesh. * Jos 15:10 1Sa 6:9,12 1Ch 6:59 VERSE 17 - Gibeon. * Jos 9:3; 18:25 1Ch 6:60 - Geba. * Jos 18:24 - Gaba. VERSE 18 - Anathoth. Anathoth was situated about three miles northward from Jerusalem according to Eusebius and Jerome (in Jer ch. 20 1:20;) or twenty furlongs, according to Josephus. Ant. I. viii. c. 10. * 1Ki 2:26 Isa 10:30 Jer 1:1 - Almon. * 1Ch 6:60 - Alemeth. VERSE 19 * :19 VERSE 20 * :5 1Ch 6:66 VERSE 21 - Shechem. * Jos 20:7 Ge 33:19 Jud 9:1 1Ki 12:1 - Gezer. * Jos 16:10 1Ki 9:15-17 1Ch 6:67 VERSE 22 - Beth-horon. * Jos 16:3,5; 18:13,14 1Ch 6:68 VERSE 23 - Eltekeh. * Jos 19:44,45 - Gibbethon. Probably the Gabatha mentioned by Eusebius and Jerome, as situated in the south of Judah, 12 miles from Eleutheropolis, where the prophet Habakkuk's sepulchre was shown. VERSE 24 - Aijalon. * Jos 10:12; 19:42 - Ajalon. * 1Ch 6:69 - Gathrimmon. Gathrimmon is said by Jerome to be a great town 10 miles from Diospolis, or Lydda, towards Eleutheropolis. Aner and Bileam are mentioned in Chronicles, instead of Tanach and Gath-rimmon. (1 Ch 70 6:70.) Either the cities had at this time different names, or afterwards their names were changed; or the Levites, being by some means dispossessed of the cities first assigned them, received others from their brethren. A careful examination of the marginal references will discover other variations of this kind, which may be accounted for in the same manner. VERSE 25 - Tanach. * Jos 17:11 Jud 5:19 VERSE 26 VERSE 27 - And unto. * :6 - Golan. * Jos 20:8 De 1:4; 4:43 1Ch 6:71 - Beesh-terah. It is very probable that Beesh-terah is a contraction of {baith ashtaroth,} "the house of Ashtaroth," and the same as Ashtaroth, which is the reading in 1 Ch 71 6:71. VERSE 28 - Dabareh. * Jos 19:12 1Ch 6:72,73 VERSE 29 - Jarmuth. This seems to be the same city with Remeth, Jos 10:19, 21, and Ramoth, 1 Ch 73 6:73, mentioned with Engannim. * Jos 10:3,23; 12:11 VERSE 30 - Mishal. * Jos 19:25-28 - Misheal. * 1Ch 6:74,75 - Mashal. VERSE 31 - Rehob. See the note on Nu 13:21. * Jud 1:31; 18:21 1Ch 6:75 VERSE 32 - Kedesh. * Jos 19:37; 20:7 1Ch 6:76 - Hammoth-dor. Supposed by many to be the same as Tiberias; so called from the hot-baths, as the word {Chammoth} may denote, in its vicinity. * Jos 19:35 - Hammath. Kartan. Supposed to be the same as Kirjathaim. * 1Ch 6:76 VERSE 33 VERSE 34 - And unto. * :7 1Ch 6:77 - Jokneam. * Jos 12:22; 19:11,15 VERSE 35 - Dimnah. This and the following verse are wholly omitted by the Masora, and many Hebrew Bibles which are esteemed very highly; though, without them, neither the twelve cities of the Merarites in particular (ver. 40,) nor the forty-eight Levitical cities in general (ver. 41), nor the six cities of refuge, can be made up. But these two verses, are thus absolutely necessary for the truth and consistency of this chapter, are happily preserved in no less than 149 MSS. collated by Dr. Kennicott, and upwards of 40 collated by De Rossi. * :35 VERSE 36 - Bezer. * Jos 20:8 De 4:43 1Ch 6:78,79 - Jahazah. * Jos 13:18 Nu 21:23 1Ch 6:78 - Jahzah. VERSE 37 VERSE 38 - Ramoth. * Jos 20:8 1Ki 22:3 1Ch 6:80 - Mahanaim. * Ge 32:2 2Sa 17:24; 19:32 VERSE 39 - Heshbon. * Jos 13:17,21 Nu 21:26-30; 32:37 1Ch 6:81 - Jazer. * Nu 32:1,3,35 - Jaazer. * Isa 16:8,9 Jer 48:32 VERSE 40 VERSE 41 - within. * Ge 49:7 Nu 35:1-8 De 33:10 - forty. At the last census, the tribe of Levi amounted only to 23,000 (Nu 36:62); and it is thought by some that forty-eight cities was too great a proportion for this tribe. But it should be considered, that cities in ancient times were little more than villages. VERSE 42 * :42 VERSE 43 * Ge 12:7; 13:15; 15:13-21; 26:3,4; 28:4,13,14 Ex 3:8; 23:27-31 * Ps 44:3; 106:42-45 VERSE 44 * Jos 1:15; 11:23; 22:4,9 De 7:22-24; 31:3-5 Heb 4:9 VERSE 45 * Jos 23:14,15 Nu 23:19 1Ki 8:56 1Co 1:9 1Th 5:24 Tit 1:2 Heb 6:18 GOTO NEXT CHAPTER - TREASURY OF SCRIPTURE KNOWLEDGE INDEX

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