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    JOSHUA 22

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    1 The two tribes and a half with a blessing are sent home. 10 They build the altar of testimony in their journey. 11 The Israelites are offended thereat. 21 They vindicate their conduct, and give them good satisfaction. VERSE 1 - Joshua. See on * Nu 32:18-33 De 29:7,8 - Reubenites. We have already seen, that a detachment of 40,000 men, of the tribes of Reuben and Gad, and the half tribe of Manasseh, had passed over Jordan armed, with their brethren, according to their agreement with Moses. The war being now concluded, the land divided, and their brethren settled, Joshua assembles these warriors; and with commendations for their services and fidelity, he dismisses them, having fist given them the most pious and suitable instructions. They had now been about seven years absent from their respective families; and though there was only the river Jordan between the camp of Gilgal and their own inheritance, yet it does not appear that they had, during that time, ever revisited their home, which they might have done at any time of the year, except the harvest, as the river was at other times easily crossable. VERSE 2 - Ye have. * Nu 32:20-29 De 3:16-20 - obeyed. * Jos 1:12-18 VERSE 3 * Php 1:23-27 VERSE 4 - given rest. See on ch. * Jos 21:43,44 De 12:9 - get. * Jos 13:8,15-33; 14:1-5 Nu 32:33-42 De 3:1-17; 29:8 VERSE 5 - take. See on * Ex 15:26 De 4:1,2,6,9; 6:6-9,17; 11:22 1Ch 28:7,8 Ps 106:3 * Ps 119:4-6 Pr 4:23 Isa 55:2 Jer 12:16 Heb 6:11,12; 12:15 * 2Pe 1:5-10 - love. * Ex 20:6 De 6:5; 10:12,13; 11:1,13 Mt 22:37 Joh 14:15,21-23 * Joh 21:15-17 Ro 8:28 Jas 12 1:12; 2:5 1Jo 5:2,3 - cleave. * Jos 23:8 De 4:4; 10:20; 13:4 Ac 11:23 Ro 12:9 - serve. * Jos 24:14,15 1Sa 7:3; 12:20,24 Mt 4:10; 6:24 Lu 1:74 Joh 12:26 * Ac 27:23 Ro 1:9 VERSE 6 * :7,8; 14:13 Ge 14:19; 47:7,10 Ex 39:43 1Sa 2:20 2Sa 6:18,20 * 2Ch 30:18 Lu 2:34; 24:50 Heb 7:6,7 VERSE 7 * Jos 13:29-31; 17:1-12 VERSE 8 - Return. * De 8:9-14,17,18 2Ch 17:5; 32:27 Pr 3:16 1Co 15:58 Heb 11:26 - divide. * Nu 31:27 1Sa 30:24 Ps 68:12 VERSE 9 - the country of Gilead. * Jos 13:11,25,31 Nu 32:1,26,29,39,40 De 3:15,16 Ps 60:7 VERSE 10 - the children. This verse should probably be rendered, "And when they came to the borders of Jordan, that are in the land of Canaan, the children of Reuben, and the children of Gad, and the half tribe of Manasseh, Then built an altar by (or beyond, {al}) Jordan, a great altar to the view." It would appear, that when they came to the river, they formed the purpose of building the altar; and when they crossed it they put that purpose into execution. It is evident that they did not build it west of the Jordan, for that was not in their territories, and the next verse expressly says that it was built over against the land of Canaan. - built. * :25-28; 4:5-9; 24:26,27 Ge 28:18; 31:46-52 VERSE 11 - heard. * Le 17:8,9 De 12:5-7; 13:12-14 Joh 20:1,12 - at the passage. * Jos 2:7; 3:14-16 Jud 12:5 Joh 1:28 VERSE 12 - the whole. Supposing they had built this altar for sacrifice, in opposition to the command of God, they considered them as rebels against God and the Israelitish constitution. * De 13:15 Jud 20:1-11 Ac 11:2,3 Ro 10:2 Ga 4:17,18 VERSE 13 - sent. * De 13:14 Jud 20:12 Pr 20:18 Mt 18:15 - Phinehas. * Ex 6:25 Nu 25:7,11-13 Jud 20:28 Ps 106:30,31 Pr 25:9-13 VERSE 14 - chief house. Heb. house of the father. an head. * Ex 18:25 Nu 1:4 VERSE 15 - the whole. * :12 Mt 18:17 1Co 1:10; 5:4 Ga 1:1,2 - trespass. * Le 5:19; 26:40 Nu 5:6 1Ch 21:3 2Ch 26:18; 28:13 Ezr 9:2,15 * Mt 6:14,15 - to turn. * :18 Ex 32:8 Nu 14:43; 32:15 De 7:4; 30:17 2Ch 10:19; 25:27 * Heb 12:25 - rebel. * Le 17:8,9 De 12:4-6,13,14 1Sa 15:23 Ps 78:8 Isa 63:10 VERSE 16 VERSE 17 - Is the iniquity. * Nu 25:3,4-18 De 4:3,4 Ps 106:28,29 - from which. * Ezr 9:13,14 1Co 10:8,11 VERSE 18 - following. See on ver. * :16 De 7:4 1Sa 12:14,20 1Ki 9:6 2Ki 17:21 2Ch 25:27; 34:33 - and it will. * Ezr 9:13,14 - he will be. * :20; 7:1,11,21 Nu 16:22 2Sa 24:1 1Ch 21:1,14 VERSE 19 - unclean. * Ex 15:17 Le 18:25-28 Am 7:17 Ac 10:14,15; 11:8,9 - wherein. * Jos 18:1 Le 17:8,9 De 12:5,6 2Ch 11:13,16,17 VERSE 20 * Jos 7:1,5,18,24 1Co 10:6 2Pe 2:6 Jude 1:5,6 VERSE 21 - Then the children. The conduct and answer of these Reubenites and the associates are worthy of admiration and imitation. Though conscious of their innocence, they permitted Phinehas to finish his speech, though composed of little else than accusations, without any interruption; and taking in good part the suspicions, reproofs, and even harshness of their brethren, with the utmost meekness and solemnity they explain their intention, give all the satisfaction in their power, and with great propriety and reverence, appeal to that God against whom they were supposed to have rebelled. - answered. * Pr 15:1; 16:1; 18:13; 24:26 Ac 11:4 Jas 19 1:19 1Pe 3:15 - heads. * Ex 18:21-25 Mic 5:2 VERSE 22 - Lord God. [\\See definitions yeh"vh <03068> 'el"hym <0430> l\\ \\<0410>\\,] from Strong's #'s 3068h, 430h, 410h, {El Elohim Yehowah,} literally "The strong God, Elohim Jehovah," which is nearly the version of Luther, {der starte Gott, der Herr,} "The strong God, the Lord." * Ex 18:11 De 10:17 Ps 82:1; 95:3; 97:7; 136:2 Da 2:47; 11:36 * 1Ti 6:16 Re 19:16 - he knoweth. * 1Ki 8:39 Job 10:7; 23:10 Ps 7:3; 44:21; 139:1-12 Jer 12:3; 17:10 * Joh 2:24,25; 21:17 Ac 1:24 2Co 11:11,31 Heb 4:13 Re 2:23 - Israel. * Ps 37:6 Mic 7:9 Mal 3:18 Ac 11:2-18 2Co 5:11 - if it be. * 1Sa 15:23 Job 31:5-8,38-40 Ps 7:3-5 Ac 25:11 VERSE 23 - let the Lord. * Ge 9:4 De 18:19 1Sa 20:16 2Ch 24:22 Ps 10:13,14 Eze 3:18 * Eze 33:6,8 VERSE 24 - for fear. * Ge 18:19 - In time to come. Heb. To-morrow. * Jos 4:6 Ge 30:33 Ex 13:14 De 6:20 *margins VERSE 25 - ye have. * :27 2Sa 20:1 1Ki 12:16 Ezr 4:2,3 Ne 2:20 Ac 8:21 - make. * 1Sa 26:19 1Ki 12:27-30; 14:16; 15:30 VERSE 26 VERSE 27 - a witness. * :10,34; 24:27 Ge 31:48,52 1Sa 7:12 - that we. * De 12:5,6,11,17,18,26,27 VERSE 28 - Behold. * Ex 25:40 2Ki 16:10 Eze 43:10,11 Heb 8:5 VERSE 29 - God forbid. * Jos 24:16 Ge 44:7,17 1Sa 12:23 1Ki 21:3 Ro 3:6; 6:2; 9:14 - to build. * :23,26 De 12:13,14 2Ki 18:22 2Ch 32:12 VERSE 30 - it pleased them. Heb. it was good in their eyes. It is remarkable, that Joshua is not once named in this transaction; but this only shews, that he did not in his old age assume any regal authority, but left the elders and civil officers to conduct the general business, only acting himself when great occasions made it necessary. Yet we cannot doubt, that his wisdom and piety influenced the counsels of the elders and people at this time. * :33 Ge 28:8 Jud 8:3 1Sa 25:32,33; 29:6 2Ch 30:4 Es 1:21 *margins * Pr 15:1 Ac 11:18 VERSE 31 - the Lord is. See on ch. * Jos 3:10 Le 26:11,12 Nu 14:41-43 2Ch 15:2 Ps 68:17 Isa 12:6 * Zec 8:23 Mt 1:23 1Co 14:25 - now. Heb. then. VERSE 32 - and brought. * :12-14 Pr 25:13 VERSE 33 - the thing. See on ver. * :30 Ac 15:12,31 2Co 7:7 1Th 3:6-8 - blessed. * 1Sa 25:32,33 1Ch 29:20 Ne 8:5,6 Da 2:19 Lu 2:28 Eph 1:3 VERSE 34 - Ed. i.e, a witness. The word witness, or testimony, is not found in the common editions of the Hebrew Bible; and is supplied in Italics by our venerable translators, at least in our modern copies; for in the first edition of this translation, it stands in the text without any note of this kind; but it is found in several of Kennicott's and De Rossi's MSS., and also in the Syriac and Arabic. Several also of the early printed editions of the Hebrew Bible have the word {ed,} either in the text or in the margin; and it must be allowed to be necessary to complete the sense. It is very probable that an inscription was put on this altar, signifying the purpose for which it was erected. Thus was this affair most happily terminated. * :27; 24:27 1Ki 18:39 Isa 43:10 Mt 4:10 - the Lord is God. Several manuscripts read more emphatically, [\\See\\ \\definitions [yeh"vh <03068>, [h-w' <01931> ] [el"hym\\ \\<0430>,\\] from Strong's #'s 3068h, 1931h, 430h, {Yehowah, hoo Elohim,} "Jehovah he is God." GOTO NEXT CHAPTER - TREASURY OF SCRIPTURE KNOWLEDGE INDEX

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