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    JUDGES 7

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    1 Gideon's army of two and thirty thousand is brought to three hundred. 9 He is encouraged by the dream and interpretation of the burley cake. 16 His stratagem of trumpets and lamps in pitchers. 24 The Ephraimites take Oreb and Zeeb. VERSE 1 - Jerubbaal. It appears that Jerubbaal had now become the surname of Gideon. He is mentioned by Sanchoniathon, quoted by Eusebius, who lived in the reign of Ithobal, king of Tyre, and consequently a little after the time of Gideon, by the name of Jerombalus, a priest of Jeuo or Jao. * Jud 6:32 - rose up. * Ge 22:3 Jos 3:1; 6:12 Ec 9:10 - Moreh. * Ge 12:6 VERSE 2 - too many. * 1Sa 14:6 2Ch 14:11 Zec 4:6; 12:7 1Co 1:27-29; 2:4,5 2Co 4:7 * 2Co 10:4,5 - Israel. * De 32:27 Isa 2:11,17 Jer 9:23 Ro 3:27; 11:18 1Co 1:29 Eph 2:9 * Jas 4:6 - Mine own. * De 8:17 Isa 10:13 Eze 28:2,17 Da 4:30 Hab 1:16 VERSE 3 - Whosoever. * De 20:8 Mt 13:21 Lu 14:25-33 Re 17:14; 21:8 - mount Gilead. Gideon was certainly not at mount Gilead, east of Jordan at this time; but rather near mount Gilboa, west of Jordan. Calmet thinks there must either have been two Gileads, which does not appear from Scripture to have been the case, or that the Hebrew text is corrupt, and that for Gilead we should read Gilboa. This reading, though adopted by Houbigant, is not confirmed by an MS. or version. Dr. Hales endeavors to reconcile the whole, by the supposition that in Gideon's army there were many eastern Manassites from mount Gilead, near the Midianites; and therefore proposes to read, "Whosoever from mount Gilead is fearful and afraid, let him return (home) and depart early." - twenty. * Mt 20:16 VERSE 4 - people. * Ps 33:16 - I will. * Ge 22:1 1Sa 16:7 Job 23:10 Ps 7:9; 66:10 Jer 6:27-30 Mal 3:2,3 VERSE 5 - lappeth. The original word {yalok,} is precisely the sound which the dog makes in lapping. It appears that it is not unusual for the Arabs to drink water out of the palms of their hands; and, from this account, we learn that the Israelites did so occasionally. Dr. A. Clarke, in his edition of Harmer, has presented us with the following curious MS. note from Dr. Russell. "When they take water with the palms of their hands, they naturally place themselves on their hams, to be nearer the water; but when they drink from a pitcher or gourd, fresh filled, they do not sit down on purpose to drink, but drink standing, and very often put the sleeve of their shirt over the mouth of the vessel, by way of strainer, lest small leeches might have been taken up with the water. For the same reason they often prefer taking the water with the palm of the hand to lapping it from the surface." From the letters of Busbequius we learn, that the Eastern people are not in the habit of drinking standing. The 300 men, who satisfied their thirst in the most expeditious manner, by this sufficiently indicated their spirit, and alacrity to follow Gideon in his dangerous enterprise; while the rest shewed their love of ease, self-indulgence, effeminacy, and want of courage. * :5 VERSE 6 * :6 VERSE 7 * :18-22 1Sa 14:6 Isa 41:14-16 VERSE 8 - trumpets. * Jud 3:27 Le 23:24; 25:9 Nu 10:9 Jos 6:4,20 Isa 27:13 1Co 15:52 - in the valley. * Jud 6:33 VERSE 9 - the same. * Ge 46:2,3 Job 4:13; 33:15,16 Mt 1:20; 2:13 Ac 18:9,10; 27:23 - Arise. * Jos 1:5-9 Isa 41:10-16; 43:1,2 - I have delivered. * Jud 3:10,28; 4:14,15 2Ch 16:8,9; 20:17 VERSE 10 * Jud 4:8,9 Ex 4:10-14 VERSE 11 - thou shalt. * :13-15 Ge 24:14 1Sa 14:8,12 - thine hands. * 1Sa 23:16 Ezr 6:22 Ne 6:9 Isa 35:3,4 2Co 12:9,10 Eph 3:16 * Eph 6:10 Php 4:13 - armed men. or, ranks by five. * Ex 13:18 *marg: VERSE 12 - the Midianites. * Jud 6:3,5,33 1Ki 4:30 - grasshoppers. * Jud 8:10 2Ch 14:9-12 Ps 3:1; 33:16; 118:10-12 Isa 8:9,10 VERSE 13 - lo, a cake. * Jud 3:15,31; 4:9,21; 6:15 Isa 41:14,15 1Co 1:27 VERSE 14 - his fellow. * Nu 22:38; 23:5,20; 24:10-13 Job 1:10 - into his hand. * Ex 15:14,15 Jos 2:9,24; 5:1 2Ki 7:6,7 VERSE 15 - interpretation thereof. Heb. breaking thereof. * Ge 40:8; 41:11 - worshipped. * Ge 24:26,27,48 Ex 4:30,31 2Ch 20:18,19 - Arise. * Jud 4:14 2Co 10:4-6 VERSE 16 - three companies. This small number of men, thus divided, would be able to encompass the whole camp of the Midianites. Concealing the lamps in the pitchers, they would pass unobserved to their appointed stations; then, in the dead of the night, when most of the enemy were fast asleep, all at once breaking their pitchers one against another, with as much noise as they could, and blowing the trumpets and shouting; they would occasion an exceedingly great alarm. The obedience of faith alone could have induced such an expedient, which no doubt God directed Gideon to employ.--Scott. - a trumpet. Heb. trumpets in the hand of all of them. empty. * 2Co 4:7 - lamps. or, fire-brands, or torches. VERSE 17 * Jud 9:48 Mt 16:24 1Co 11:1 Heb 13:7 1Pe 5:3 VERSE 18 - blow ye. * :20 - the sword. The word {cherev,} "sword," necessarily implied, and rightly supplied by our venerable translators from ver. 20, is found in this place, in the Chaldee, Syriac, and Arabic, and in eight MSS.; and evidently appears to be genuine. * 1Sa 17:47 2Ch 20:15-17 VERSE 19 - in the beginning. * Ex 14:24 Mt 25:6 1Th 5:2 Re 16:15 - they blew. * :8 - brake. * :16 Ps 2:9 Jer 13:13,14; 19:1-11 VERSE 20 - blew. How astonishing and overwhelming must the effect be, in a dark night, of the sudden glare of 300 torches, darting their splendor in the same instant on the half-awakened eyes of the terrified Midianites; accompanied with the clangor of 300 trumpets, alternately mingled with the thundering shout of {cherav yehovah oolegidon,} "The sword of Jehovah and of Gideon!" * Nu 10:1-10 Jos 6:4,16,20 Isa 27:13 1Co 15:52 1Th 4:16 - brake. * 2Co 4:7 Heb 11:4 2Pe 1:15 VERSE 21 - stood. * Ex 14:13,14 2Ch 20:17 Isa 30:7,15 - all the host. * Ex 14:25 2Ki 7:6,7 Job 15:21,22 Pr 28:1 VERSE 22 - blew. * Jos 6:4,16,20 2Co 4:7 - the Lord. * 1Sa 14:16-20 2Ch 20:23 Ps 83:9 Isa 9:4; 19:2 - in. or, toward. Zererath. Probably the same as Zartanah. * 1Ki 4:12 - border. Heb. lip. Abelmeholah. Situated, according to Eusebius 16 miles south from Scythopolis, or Bethshan. * 1Ki 4:12; 19:16 - Tabbath. Probably the town of [Obd,] mentioned by Eusebius, 13 miles from Neapolis, or Shechem, towards Scythopolis. VERSE 23 * Jud 6:35 1Sa 14:21,22 VERSE 24 - sent. * Jud 3:27 Ro 15:30 Php 1:27 - take before. * Jud 3:28; 12:5 - Beth-barah. Probably the same as Betha-bara, beyond Jordan, and at the ford where the Hebrews passed under the direction of Joshua. * Joh 1:28 VERSE 25 - two princes. * Jud 8:3 Ps 83:11,12 - rock. * Jos 7:26 Isa 10:26 - Oreb. Eusebius and Jerome speak of a small place called Araba, three miles west from Scythopolis, which is supposed by some to have had its name from Oreb. - and brought. Among ancient nations, the head of the conquered chief was usually brought to the conqueror. Thus Pompey's head was brought to C'sar, Cicero's head to Mark Anthony, and the heads of Ahab's children to Jehu. These barbarities are seldom practised now, except among the Mahommedans, or the savages of Africa and America; and for the credit of human nature, it is to be wished that such atrocities had never been committed. - on the other side. The words {maiaiver lyyarden,} may denote at the passage of Jordan, or from beyond Jordan. Gideon does not appear to have yet passed the Jordan. * Jud 8:4 GOTO NEXT CHAPTER - TREASURY OF SCRIPTURE KNOWLEDGE INDEX

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