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    JUDGES 8

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    1 Gideon pacifies the Ephraimites. 4 Succoth and Penuel refuse to deliver Gideon's army. 10 Zebah and Zalmunna are taken. 13 Succoth and Penuel are destroyed. 17 Gideon revenges his brethren's death on Zebah and Zalmunna. 22 He refuses government. 24 His ephod the cause of idolatry. 28 Midian subdued. 29 Gideon's children, and death. 33 The Israelites' idolatry and ingratitude. VERSE 1 - the men. * Jud 12:1-6 2Sa 19:41 Job 5:2 Ec 4:4 Jas 5 4:5,6 - Why, etc. Heb. What thing is this thou hast done unto us? sharply. Heb. strongly. VERSE 2 - What. * 1Co 13:4-7 Ga 5:14,15 Php 2:2,3 Jas 19 1:19,20; 3:13-18 - Is not the. That is, the Ephraimites have performed more important services than Gideon and his men had achieved. - Abiezer. * Jud 6:11,34 VERSE 3 - God. * Jud 7:24,25 Ps 44:3; 115:1; 118:14-16 Joh 4:37 Ro 12:3,6; 15:18,19 * Php 2:3 - Then. * Pr 15:1; 16:32; 25:11,15 - anger. Heb. spirit. VERSE 4 - faint. * 1Sa 14:28,29,31,32; 30:10 2Co 4:8,9,16 Ga 6:9 Heb 12:1-4 VERSE 5 - Succoth. * Ge 33:17 Ps 60:6 - loaves. * Ge 14:18 De 23:4 1Sa 25:18 2Sa 17:28,29 3Jo 1:6-8 VERSE 6 * Jud 5:23 Ge 25:13; 37:25,28 1Sa 25:10,11 1Ki 20:11 2Ki 14:9 * Pr 18:23 Php 2:21 VERSE 7 - tear. Heb. thresh. * :16 VERSE 8 * Ge 32:30,31 1Ki 12:25 VERSE 9 - I come. * 1Ki 22:27,28 - I will break. * :17 VERSE 10 - Karkor. If this were the name of a place, it is no where else mentioned. Some contend that {karkor} signifies rest; and the Vulgate renders it {requiescebant,} "rested". This seems the most likely; for it is said (ver. 11) that Gideon "smote the host: for the host was secure." - children. * Jud 7:12 - fell an hundred, etc. or, an hundred and twenty thousand, every one drawing a sword * Jud 7:22; 20:2,15,17,25,35,46 2Ki 3:26 2Ch 13:17; 28:6,8 Isa 37:36 VERSE 11 - Nobah. Nobah took its name from an Israelite who conquered it; and is said by Eusebius to have been, in his time, a forsaken place eight miles south from Heshbon. Jogbehah was probably near it. * Nu 32:35,42 - secure. * Jud 18:27 1Sa 15:32; 30:16 1Th 5:3 VERSE 12 - took. * Jos 10:16-18,22-25 Job 12:16-21; 34:19 Ps 83:11 Am 2:14 * Re 6:15,16; 19:19-21 - discomfited. Heb. terrified. VERSE 13 - before. The words {milmleh haichaires} should, most probably be rendered "from the ascent of Chares;" which is the reading of the LXX. Syriac, Arabic, and Houbigant. * :13 VERSE 14 - caught. * Jud 1:24,25 1Sa 30:11-15 - described. Heb. writ. VERSE 15 - reproach. * :6,7 VERSE 16 - the elders. * :7 Pr 10:13; 19:29 Ezr 2:6 - thorns. * Mic 7:4 - taught. Heb. made to know. Instead of {wyyod,} Houbigant, Le Clerc, and others read {wyyadosh,} "and he tore or threshed;" and this is not only agreeable to what Gideon threatened (ver. 7), but is supported by the LXX. Vulgate, Chaldee, Syriac, and Arabic. The Hebrew text might easily have been corrupted simply by the change of [Shyn,] {shin,} into ['Ayin,] {ayin,} letters very similar to each other. VERSE 17 * :9 1Ki 12:25 VERSE 18 - Tabor. * Jud 4:6 Ps 89:12 - As thou art. * Ps 12:2 Jude 1:16 - resembled. Heb. according to the form of, etc. VERSE 19 * :19 VERSE 20 * Jos 10:24 1Sa 15:33 Ps 149:9 VERSE 21 - Rise thou. It was disgraceful to fall by the hands of a child; and death by the blows of such a person must be much more lingering and tormenting. Some have employed children to dispatch captives. * Jud 9:54 1Sa 31:3,5 Re 9:6 - slew. * Ps 83:1 - ornaments. or, ornaments like the moon. * Isa 3:18 VERSE 22 - Rule thou. * Jud 9:8-15 1Sa 8:5; 12:12 Joh 6:15 VERSE 23 - I will. * Jud 2:18; 10:18; 11:9-11 Lu 22:24-27 2Co 1:24 1Pe 5:3 - the Lord. * 1Sa 8:6,7; 10:19; 12:12 Isa 33:22; 63:19 VERSE 24 - give me. * Ge 24:22,53 Ex 12:35; 32:3 1Pe 3:3-5 - because. * Ge 16:10,11; 25:13; 37:25,28 1Sa 25:11 1Ki 20:11 VERSE 25 VERSE 26 - a thousand. Taking the shekel at half an ounce, the sum of the gold ear-rings was 73 lbs. 4oz. and worth about 3,300 sterling. - collars. or, sweet jewels. purple. * Es 8:15 Jer 10:9 Eze 27:7 Lu 16:19 Joh 19:2,5 Re 17:4 * Re 18:12,16 - chains. * :21 VERSE 27 - an ephod. * Jud 17:5; 18:14,17 Ex 28:6-12 1Sa 23:9,10 Isa 8:20 - Ophrah. * :32; 6:11,24 De 12:5 - a whoring. * Ex 23:33 Ps 73:27; 106:39 Ho 2:2; 4:12-14 - a snare. * :33 De 7:16 VERSE 28 - was Midian. * Ps 83:9-12 Isa 9:4; 10:26 - forty years. * Jud 3:11,30; 5:31 VERSE 29 - Jerubbaal. * Jud 6:32 1Sa 12:11 - in his own house. * Ne 5:14,15 VERSE 30 - threescore. * Jud 9:2,5; 10:4; 12:9,14 Ge 46:26 Ex 1:5 2Ki 10:1 - of his body begotten. Heb. going out of his thigh. many wives. * Ge 2:24; 7:7 De 17:17 2Sa 3:2-5; 5:13-16 1Ki 11:3 Mal 2:15 * Mt 19:5-8 Eph 5:31-33 VERSE 31 - concubine. * Jud 9:1-5 Ge 16:15; 22:24 - called. Heb. set. Abimelech. * Jud 9:18 Ge 20:2 VERSE 32 - died in. * Ge 15:15; 25:8 Jos 24:29,30 Job 5:26; 42:17 - Ophrah. * :27; 6:24 VERSE 33 - as soon. * Jud 2:7-10,17,19 Jos 24:31 2Ki 12:2 2Ch 24:17,18 - went. * :27; 2:17 Ex 34:15,16 Jer 3:9 - Baal-berith. Literally, "the lord of the covenant." * Jud 9:4,46 VERSE 34 - remembered. * Ps 78:11,42; 106:18,21 Ec 12:1 Jer 2:32 VERSE 35 - shewed. * Jud 9:5,16-19 Ec 9:14,15 - Jerubbaal. Rather, Jerubbaal Gideon; as we say, Simon Peter; or call a person by his Christian and surname. Gideon was a mighty man of valour, a true patriot, evidently disinterested and void of ambition. He loved his country, and hazarded his life for it; but refused the kingdom, when offered to him and his heirs. The act of making the ephod was totally wrong; yet, probably it was done with no reprehensible design. GOTO NEXT CHAPTER - TREASURY OF SCRIPTURE KNOWLEDGE INDEX

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