XXVII A large account of the wealth, splendour and trade of Tyre, ver. 1-25. Its utter ruin, and the consternation of its neighbours, ver. 26-36.
Verse 2. A lamentation - We ought to mourn for the miseries of other nations, as well as of our own, out of an affection for mankind in general; yea, tho' they have brought them upon themselves.
Verse 3. At the entry - Hebrew. Entrances. She was about four furlongs, or half an English mile from the continent, as it were in the very door of the sea.
Verse 5. They - The shipwrights. Shipboards - The planks and benches, or transoms for their ships. Fir-trees - Of the best and finest fir- trees. Lebanon - Whose cedars excelled others.
Verse 6. With box - From the isles, and parts about the Ionian, Aegean, and other seas of the Mediterranean, where box-tree is a native, and of great growth and firmness, fit to saw into boards for benches; they were conveyed to Tyre, where their artists inlaid these boxboards with ivory, and made them beautiful seats in their ships.
Verse 7. The isles of Elishah - Probably the sea-coast of Aeolis in the lesser Asia, the inhabitants whereof were excellent in the skill of dying wool. Which covered - He speaks of the coverings they used in their ships or galleys: their tilts, as our boat-men call them.
Verse 8. Zidon - An ancient town and haven of Phoenicia, not far from Tyre. Arvad - Or Aradus, an island belonging to Phoenicia, twenty furlongs from the continent. Mariners - Rowers in thy galleys; the rich Tyrians would not employ their own in such servile works, they hired strangers. Wise men - Thy learnedmen: for navigation was the great study of the Tyrians.
Verse 9. The ancients - Old experienced workmen. Gebal - A town of Phoenicia near the sea. The wise men - Skilful in their trades. Were in thee - Who dwelt in Tyre for gain. All the ships - Ships from all parts of the sea, full of mariners, not only to manage the ships at sea, but to offer their service to the Tyrians for bringing in, or carrying out their wares.
Verse 10. Lud - Lydians, not those Cresus was king over, but those that dwelt in Egypt about the lake Maraeolis. Phut - Lybians, a people of Africa; these were their hired soldiers. Hanged the shield - In time of peace. They set forth - These stout, expert, well armed guards, were an honour to thee.
Verse 11. With - Mixed with other hired soldiers. The Gammadim - Probably men of Gammade, a town of Phoenicia.
Verse 13. Javan - The Grecians, particularly the Ionians. Tubal - The Asiatic Iberians, and the Albanians toward the Caspian sea. Meshech - The Cappadocians. They traded - Brought men to sell for slaves.
Verse 14. Of the house - Of the country. Togarmah - Armenia the lesser, Phrygia, Galatia, or Cappadocia. Horsemen - It is likely they might sell grooms, as best able to manage, and keep those horses.
Verse 15. Isles - In the Indian seas, and in the Red-sea traded with thee. Horns - Elk's horns, or wild goats. Ebony - Is a very solid, heavy, shining, black wood, fit for many choice works.
Verse 16. The multitude - The abundance of the Tyrian manufactures.
Verse 17. Minnith - The name of an excellent wheat country. Pannag - Some obscure place, which now is forgotten.
Verse 19. Javan - In the isle of Meroe, in Egypt.
Verse 20. Dedan - The posterity of Abraham by Keturah, who dwelt in Arabia, and were sheep-masters. Clothes - With which they lined their chariots.
Verse 22. Sheba - A country in Arabia Felix. Raamah - Another people of the same Arabia.
Verse 23. Haran - In Mesopotamia, where Abraham dwelt. Canneh - This is supposed to be the same with Calneh, Gen. x, 10, afterwards Ctesiphon, a pleasant city on Tigris. Ashur - Assyria. Chilmad - A country between Assyria and Parthia.
Verse 25. The ships - The ships from all parts of the sea. Did sing - Had their songs to commend thy state.
Verse 26. Thy rowers - Thy governors and counsellors. Great waters - Dangers and difficulties. The east wind - The king of Babylon with his army. Hath broken - As surely will, as if he had already done it. In the midst - Where thou thoughtest thyself impregnable.
Verse 27. All thy company - All that are men fit for war, in the multitudes of people that are in thee. Shall fall - These all shall fall together.
Verse 28. The suburbs - The suburbs, which are nearest the sea, shall first hear the out-cries of pilots, and mariners.
Verse 29. Shall come down - ln the allegory of a miserable shipwreck, the prophet sets forth the fall of Tyre; and in this verse he represents them all shifting out of the sinking ship, in great confusion.
Verse 30. Wallow themselves in ashes - As men use to do in their greatest mournings.
Verse 32. In the sea - Alas! what was once her safeguard, is now her grave.
Verse 33. Went forth - Were landed. Thou filledst - There was enough to supply to the full.
Verse 34. By the seas - The Babylonians, that like seas shall swell, roar, and break in upon thee.
Verse 35. Troubled - They shall not be able to conceal the discomposure of their mind, but will shew it in their countenance.