SEV Biblia, Chapter 1:2 LevŠntate, y ve a Nínive, ciudad grande, y pregona contra ella; porque su maldad ha subido delante de mí.
Clarke's Bible Commentary - Jonah 1:2 Verse 2. Go to Nineveh] This was the capital of the Assyrian empire, and one of the most ancient cities of the world, Genesis x. 10; and one of the largest, as it was three days' journey in circumference. Ancient writers represent it as oblong; being in length one hundred and fifty stadia, and ninety in breadth, the compass being four hundred and eighty stadia. Now as the stadium is allowed to have been equal to our furlong, eight of which make a mile, this amounts to fifty-four English miles: see on chap. iii. 3. But we must not suppose that all this space was covered with compact streets and buildings; it took in a considerable space of country, probably all the cultivated ground necessary to support all the inhabitants of that district.
Calmet computes the measurement of the circumference to be equal to twenty-five French leagues. It is reported to have had walls one hundred feet high, and so broad that three chariots might run abreast upon them. It was situated on the Tigris, or a little to the west, or on the west side of that river. It was well peopled, and had at this time one hundred and twenty thousand persons in it reputed to be in a state of infancy, which on a moderate computation would make the whole number six hundred thousand persons. But some, supposing that persons not being able to distinguish their right hand from their left must mean children under two years of age, and reckoning one such child for every twenty persons from that age upwards, make the population amount to two millions five hundred thousand. Nor can this be considered an exaggerated estimate, when we know that London, not one-tenth of the size of ancient Nineveh, contains a population of upwards of one million. But calculations of this kind, relative to matters of such remote antiquity, are generally precarious, and not very useful: and ancient authors, though the only guides, are not always safe conductors. Mosul is generally supposed to be the same as the ancient Nineueh. It is in the province of Dearhekir, on the west bank of the Tigris.
Their wickedness is come up before me.] This is a personification of evil.
It ascends from earth to heaven; and stands before the Supreme Judge, to bear witness against its own delinquency, and that of the persons whom it has seduced.
John Gill's Bible Commentary Ver. 2. Arise, go to Nineveh, that great city , etc.] That is, arise from the place where he was, and leave the business he was about, and prepare for a long journey to the place mentioned, and be as expeditious in it as possible.
Nineveh was the metropolis of the Assyrian empire at this time; it was an ancient city built by Ashur, not by Nimrod; though he by some is said to go into Ashur or Assyria, and build it, ( Genesis 10:11); and called it after the name of his son Ninus; for it signifies the mansion or palace of Ninus; and by most profane writers is called Ninus; according to Diodorus Siculus f12 , and Strabo f13 , it was built by Ninus himself in Assyria, in that part of it called by him Adiabena. It is said to be a great city, as it must, to be three daysí journey in compass, and to have in it six score thousand infants, besides men and women, ( Jonah 3:3 4:11). It is allowed by Strabo to be larger than Babylon. Diodorus says that it was in compass of sixty miles; and had a wall a hundred feet high, and so broad that three chariots or carriages might go abreast upon it; and it had, fifteen hundred towers, two hundred feet high. Aben Ezra calls it the royal city of Assyria, which is at this day destroyed; and the wise men of Israel, in the country of Greece, say it is called Urtia; but, whether so or not, he knew not: and cry against it ; or prophesy against it, as the Targum; he was to lift up his voice, and cry aloud, as he passed along in it, that the inhabitants might hear him; and the more to affect them, and to show that he was in earnest, and what he delivered was interesting to them, and of the greatest moment and importance: what he was to cry, preach, or publish, (see Jon 3:2,4); for their wickedness is come up before me ; it was come to a very great height; it reached to the heavens; it was not only seen and known by the Lord, as all things are; but the cry of it was come up to him; it called aloud for vengeance, for immediate vengeance; the measure of it being filled up, and the inhabitants ripe for destruction; it was committed openly and boldly, with much impudence, in the sight of the Lord, as well as against him; and was no more to be suffered and connived at: it intends and includes their idolatry, bloodshed, oppression, rapine, fraud, and lying; (see Jon 3:8 Na 3:1).
Matthew Henry Commentary Verses 1-3 - It is sad to think how much sin is committed in great cities. Their wickedness, as that of Nineveh, is a bold and open affront to God Jonah must go at once to Nineveh, and there, on the spot, cry agains the wickedness of it. Jonah would not go. Probably there are few amon us who would not have tried to decline such a mission. Providenc seemed to give him an opportunity to escape; we may be out of the way of duty, and yet may meet with a favourable gale. The ready way is no always the right way. See what the best of men are, when God leave them to themselves; and what need we have, when the word of the Lor comes to us, to have the Spirit of the Lord to bring every though within us into obedience.
Original Hebrew קום 6965 לך 1980 אל 413 נינוה 5210 העיר 5892 הגדולה 1419 וקרא 7121 עליה 5921 כי 3588 עלתה 5927 רעתם 7451 לפני׃ 6440