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  • PARALLEL HISTORY BIBLE - Numbers 31:2


    CHAPTERS: Numbers 1, 2, 3, 4, 5, 6, 7, 8, 9, 10, 11, 12, 13, 14, 15, 16, 17, 18, 19, 20, 21, 22, 23, 24, 25, 26, 27, 28, 29, 30, 31, 32, 33, 34, 35, 36     
    VERSES: 1, 2, 3, 4, 5, 6, 7, 8, 9, 10, 11, 12, 13, 14, 15, 16, 17, 18, 19, 20, 21, 22, 23, 24, 25, 26, 27, 28, 29, 30, 31, 32, 33, 34, 35, 36, 37, 38, 39, 40, 41, 42, 43, 44, 45, 46, 47, 48, 49, 50, 51, 52, 53, 54

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    LXX- Greek Septuagint - Numbers 31:2

    εκδικει την 3588 εκδικησιν 1557 υιων 5207 ισραηλ 2474 εκ 1537 των 3588 μαδιανιτων και 2532 εσχατον 2078 προστεθηση προς 4314 τον 3588 λαον 2992 σου 4675

    Douay Rheims Bible

    Revenge first the children of Israel on the Madianites, and so thou shalt be gathered to thy people.

    King James Bible - Numbers 31:2

    Avenge the children of Israel of the Midianites: afterward shalt thou be gathered unto thy people.

    World English Bible

    "Avenge the children of Israel for the Midianites. Afterward you shall be gathered to your people."

    World Wide Bible Resources


    Numbers 31:2

    Early Christian Commentary - (A.D. 100 - A.D. 325)

    Anf-02 vi.iii.ii.ii Pg 5.1


    Anf-03 v.iv.iii.xviii Pg 4
    Deut. xxxii. 35; Rom. xii. 19.

    Therefore, in the meanwhile, the commission of wrong was to be checked2914

    2914 Repastinaretur.

    by the fear of a retribution immediately to happen; and so the permission of this retribution was to be the prohibition of provocation, that a stop might thus be put to all hot-blooded2915

    2915 Æstuata.

    injury, whilst by the permission of the second the first is prevented by fear, and by this deterring of the first the second fails to be committed. By the same law another result is also obtained,2916

    2916 Qua et alias.

    even the more ready kindling of the fear of retaliation by reason of the very savour of passion which is in it. There is no more bitter thing, than to endure the very suffering which you have inflicted upon others. When, again, the law took somewhat away from men’s food, by pronouncing unclean certain animals which were once blessed, you should understand this to be a measure for encouraging continence, and recognise in it a bridle imposed on that appetite which, while eating angelsfood, craved after the cucumbers and melons of the Egyptians. Recognise also therein a precaution against those companions of the appetite, even lust and luxury, which are usually chilled by the chastening of the appetite.2917

    2917 Ventris.

    For “the people sat down to eat and to drink, and rose up to play.”2918

    2918


    Anf-03 v.iv.v.xvi Pg 15
    Deut. xxxii. 35; comp. Rom. xii. 19 and Heb. x. 30.

    He thereby teaches that patience calmly waits for the infliction of vengeance. Therefore, inasmuch as it is incredible4048

    4048 Fidem non capit.

    that the same (God) should seem to require “a tooth for a tooth and an eye for an eye,” in return for an injury, who forbids not only all reprisals, but even a revengeful thought or recollection of an injury, in so far does it become plain to us in what sense He required “an eye for an eye and a tooth for a tooth,”—not, indeed, for the purpose of permitting the repetition of the injury by retaliating it, which it virtually prohibited when it forbade vengeance; but for the purpose of restraining the injury in the first instance, which it had forbidden on pain of retaliation or reciprocity;4049

    4049 Talione, opposito.

    so that every man, in view of the permission to inflict a second (or retaliatory) injury, might abstain from the commission of the first (or provocative) wrong. For He knows how much more easy it is to repress violence by the prospect of retaliation, than by the promise of (indefinite) vengeance.  Both results, however, it was necessary to provide, in consideration of the nature and the faith of men, that the man who believed in God might expect vengeance from God, while he who had no faith (to restrain him) might fear the laws which prescribed retaliation.4050

    4050 Leges talionis. [Judicial, not personal, reprisals.]

    This purpose4051

    4051 Voluntatem.

    of the law, which it was difficult to understand, Christ, as the Lord of the Sabbath and of the law, and of all the dispensations of the Father, both revealed and made intelligible,4052

    4052 Compotem facit. That is, says Oehler, intellectus sui.

    when He commanded that “the other cheek should be offered (to the smiter),” in order that He might the more effectually extinguish all reprisals of an injury, which the law had wished to prevent by the method of retaliation, (and) which most certainly revelation4053

    4053 Prophetia.

    had manifestly restricted, both by prohibiting the memory of the wrong, and referring the vengeance thereof to God.  Thus, whatever (new provision) Christ introduced, He did it not in opposition to the law, but rather in furtherance of it, without at all impairing the prescription4054

    4054 Disciplinas: or, “lessons.”

    of the Creator. If, therefore,4055

    4055 Denique.

    one looks carefully4056

    4056 Considerem, or, as some of the editions have it, consideremus.

    into the very grounds for which patience is enjoined (and that to such a full and complete extent), one finds that it cannot stand if it is not the precept of the Creator, who promises vengeance, who presents Himself as the judge (in the case).  If it were not so,4057

    4057 Alioquin.

    —if so vast a weight of patience—which is to refrain from giving blow for blow; which is to offer the other cheek; which is not only not to return railing for railing, but contrariwise blessing; and which, so far from keeping the coat, is to give up the cloak also—is laid upon me by one who means not to help me,—(then all I can say is,) he has taught me patience to no purpose,4058

    4058 In vacuum.

    because he shows me no reward to his precept—I mean no fruit of such patience. There is revenge which he ought to have permitted me to take, if he meant not to inflict it himself; if he did not give me that permission, then he should himself have inflicted it;4059

    4059 Præstare, i.e., debuerat præstare.

    since it is for the interest of discipline itself that an injury should be avenged. For by the fear of vengeance all iniquity is curbed. But if licence is allowed to it without discrimination,4060

    4060 Passim.

    it will get the mastery—it will put out (a man’s) both eyes; it will knock out4061

    4061 Excitatura.

    every tooth in the safety of its impunity.  This, however, is (the principle) of your good and simply beneficent god—to do a wrong to patience, to open the door to violence, to leave the righteous undefended, and the wicked unrestrained! “Give to every one that asketh of thee”4062

    4062


    Anf-03 vi.vii.x Pg 13
    Deut. xxxii. 35; Ps. xciv. 1; Rom. xii. 19; Heb. x. 30.

    that is, Leave patience to me, and I will reward patience. For when He says, “Judge not, lest ye be judged,”9122

    9122


    Anf-03 vi.vii.x Pg 13
    Deut. xxxii. 35; Ps. xciv. 1; Rom. xii. 19; Heb. x. 30.

    that is, Leave patience to me, and I will reward patience. For when He says, “Judge not, lest ye be judged,”9122

    9122


    Anf-03 vi.vii.x Pg 13
    Deut. xxxii. 35; Ps. xciv. 1; Rom. xii. 19; Heb. x. 30.

    that is, Leave patience to me, and I will reward patience. For when He says, “Judge not, lest ye be judged,”9122

    9122


    Edersheim Bible History

    Lifetimes xi.v Pg 10.2


    Treasury of Scriptural Knowledge, Chapter 31

    VERSE 	(2) - 

    :3; 25:17,18 De 32:35 Jud 16:24,28-30 Ps 94:1-3 Isa 1:24


    PARALLEL VERSE BIBLE

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