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  • ADAM CLARKE'S BIBLE COMMENTARY -
    2 CHRONICLES 14

    << 2 Chronicles 13 - 2 Chronicles 15 >> - HELP - FACEBOOK     


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    CHAPTER XIV

    Asa succeeds his father Abijah, reigns piously, and has peace for ten years, 1. He makes a great reformation in Judah, and builds cities of defense, 2-7. His military strength, 8. He is attacked by Zerah the Ethiopian, with an immense army; Asa cries to the Lord, attacks the Ethiopians, and gives them a total overthrow, 9-12. He takes several of their cities, their cattle, &c., and returns to Jerusalem, laden with spoils, 13-15.

    NOTES ON CHAP. XIV

    Verse 1. "The land was quiet ten years." - Calmet thinks these years should be counted from the fifth to the fifteenth of Asa's reign.

    Verse 2. "Did that which was good" - He attended to what the law required relative to the worship of God. He was no idolater, though, morally speaking, he was not exempt from faults, 1 Kings xv. 14. He suppressed idolatry universally, and encouraged the people to worship the true God: see ver. 3-5.

    Verse 6. "Fenced cities" - To preserve his territories from invasion, and strengthen the frontiers of his kingdom, see 2 Chronicles xiv. 7.

    Verse 8. "Targets and spears" - Probably targets with the dagger in the center, and javelins for distant fight.

    "Bare shields and drew bows" - They were not only archers, but had shield and sword for close fight.

    Verse 9. "Zerah the Ethiopian" - Probably of that Ethiopia which lay on the south of Egypt, near to Libya, and therefore the Libyans are joined with them, chap. xvi. 8.

    "A thousand thousand" - If this people had come from any great distance, they could not have had forage for such an immense army.

    Verse 11. "Whether with many" - The same sentiment as that uttered by Jonathan, 1 Sam. xiv. 6, when he attacked the garrison of the Philistines.

    "O Lord our God-we rest on thee" - "Help us, O Lord our God; because we depend on thy WORD, and in the name of thy WORD we come against this great host." -Targum.

    Verse 14. "There was-much spoil in them." - These cities being on the rear of this vast army, they had laid up much forage in them; and to get this the Jews overthrew the whole.

    Verse 15. "Tents of cattle" - Those which had carried the baggage of the great army, and which they had left in such places as abounded with pasture.

    Perhaps sheepfolds, enclosures for camels, mules, &c., may also be intended. The discomfiture was great, because God fought for the people; and the spoil was immense, because the multitude was prodigious, indeed almost incredible, a million of men in one place is almost too much for the mind to conceive, but there may be some mistake in the numerals: it is evident from the whole account that the number was vast and the spoil great.

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