Verse 4. "These are the beasts which ye shall eat" - On Leviticus 11. I have entered into considerable detail relative to the clean and unclean animals there mentioned. For the general subject, the reader is referred to the notes on that chapter; but as there are particulars mentioned here which Moses does not introduce in Leviticus, it will be necessary to consider them in this place.
"The ox" - rw shor: BOS, fifth order Pecora, of the genus MAMMALIA, species 41. This term includes all clean animals of the beeve kind; not only the ox properly so called, but also the bull, the cow, heifer, and calf.
"The sheep" - h seh: OVIS, fifth order Pecora, of the genus MAMMALIA, species 40; including the ram, the wether, the ewe, and the lamb.
"The goat" - z[ az: CAPRA, fifth order Pecora, of the genus MAMMALIA, species 39; including the he-goat, she-goat, and kid. The words in the text, µybk h seh chesabim, signify the lamb or young of sheep; and µyz[ h seh izzim, the young or kid of goats: but this is a Hebrew idiom which signifies every creature of the genus, as wna nb ben enosh and µda b ben adam, son of man, signify any human being. See Psa. cxliv. 3; Job xxv. 6.