Verse 9. "He maketh the barren woman to keep house " - This is a figure to point out the desolate, decreasing state of the captives in Babylon, and the happy change which took place on their return to their own land. These are nearly the words of Hannah, 1 Sam. ii. 5.
ANALYSIS OF THE HUNDRED AND THIRTEENTH PSALM
The scope of this Psalms is the same with those that went before, that is, to excite men to praise God.
This Psalm contains three parts: - I. An exhortation to God's servants to praise him.
II. A form set down how and where to praise him, ver. 2, 3.
III. The reasons to persuade us to it. 1. By his infinite power, ver. 4, 5. 2.
His providence, as displayed in heaven and earth, ver. 6.
I. The prophet exhorts men "to praise the Lord;" and, 1. He doubles and trebles his exhortation, that it be not coldly but zealously done, or else to show that he alone is worthy of praise.
2. "Praise the Lord, O ye servants," &c.: They are to praise him, for he is their Lord; praise him likewise with a pure heart.
II. The manner of praising him. Say, 1. "Blessed be the name of the Lord." Job 1.
2. "From this time forth," &c.: In prosperity or adversity, in this life or the future.
3. "From the rising of the sun," &c.: In all places, even over all the world.
III: And now follow the reasons to persuade men to praise God.
1. Because of his majesty, infinite power, and glory, which extend not to earth alone, but heaven also: "The Lord is high above," &c.
2. Because of his providence, benignity, and bounty, which being united with so much majesty, appear the more admirable. "Who is like the Lord," &c. None in heaven or on earth are to be compared to him.
"Yet he humbleth himself," &c. He is present with the highest angels, and with the poorest of his creatures, to help them.
In "humbling himself to behold the things on earth" he gives two instances:
1. In states and kingdoms. 2. In private families.
1. In states: "He raiseth up the poor," &c.: Let then no man say, that God does not regard them that are of low estate; he raiseth up the poor, to the end "that he may set him with the princes," &c.
2. In private families: "He maketh the barren woman," &c. "Children are a heritage of the Lord." Some expositors refer the meaning of this last verse to the Church of the Gentiles: "Rejoice, O barren," &c. Isa. liv. 1.