1. sacrifices--or, "feasts" made with part of them (compare
Le 2:3; 7:31).
strife--its product, or attendant.
shall . . . inheritance--that is, share a brother's part (compare
Nu 27:4, 7).
3. God only knows, as He tries
(Ps 12:6; 66:10)
4. Wicked doers and speakers alike delight in calumny.
glad at calamities--rejoicing in others' evil. Such are rightly
punished by God, who knows their hearts.
6. Prolonged posterity is a blessing, its cutting off a curse
hence children may glory in virtuous ancestry.
7. Excellent speech--(Compare Margin). Such language as ill suits
a fool, as lying (ought to suit) a prince
(Pr 16:12, 13).
8. One so corrupt as to take a bribe evinces his high estimate of it
by subjection to its influence
(Pr 18:16; 19:6).
9. seeketh love--(Compare Margin). The contrast is between the
peace-maker and tale-bearer.
10. Reproof more affects the wise than severe scourging, fools.
11. Such meet just retribution
a cruel messenger--one to inflict it.
12. They are less rational in anger than wild beasts.
Ps 7:4; 35:12).
evil--injury to another
14. letteth . . . water--as a breach in a dam.
before . . . meddled with--before strife has become sharp, or, by an
explanation better suiting the figure, before it rolls on, or
15. abomination . . . Lord--as reversing His method of acting
(Pr 3:32; 12:2).
16. Though wealth cannot buy wisdom for those who do not love it, yet
wisdom procures wealth
(Pr 3:16; 14:24).
17. To the second of these parallel clauses, there is an accession of
meaning, that is, that a brother's love is specially seen in adversity.
Pr 6:1-5; 11:15).
in the presence, &c.--that is, he either fails to consult his friend,
or to follow his advice.
19. strife--contention is, and leads to, sin.
he that exalteth his gate--gratifies a vain love of costly building.
seeketh--or, "findeth," as if he sought (compare "loveth death,"
20. The second clause advances on the first. The ill-natured fail of
good, and the cavilling and fault-finding incur evil.
Different words are rendered by "fool," both denoting stupidity and
Pr 14:30; 15:13).
The effect of the mind on the body is well known.
medicine--or, "body," which better corresponds with "bone."
drieth--as if the marrow were exhausted.
23. a gift . . . bosom--Money and other valuables were borne in a fold
of the garment, called the bosom.
to pervert--that is, by bribery.
24. Wisdom . . . him--ever an object of regard, while a fool's
affections are unsettled.
25. a grief--or cross, vexation (compare
Pr 17:21; 10:1).
26. Also--that is, Equally to be avoided are other sins: punishing good
subjects, or resisting good rulers.
27, 28. Prudence of speech is commended as is an excellent or calm
spirit, not excited to vain conversation.