Verse 1. From the Lord - Men can neither think nor speak wisely and well without Divine assistance.
Verse 2. Weigheth - Exactly knows as men do the things which they weigh. Spirits - The hearts of men.
Verse 3. Commit - Refer all thy actions and concerns to God, as the end of them, and depend upon God's providence for success. Established - Thy designs shall be brought to an happy issue.
Verse 4. Doth work - He orders or disposes. For - For his own glory; for the discovery of his wisdom, power, goodness, truth, justice. The wicked - Wilful and impenitent sinners. Men make themselves wicked, and God therefore makes them miserable.
Verse 6. By mercy - By a merciful and just and faithful frame of heart and course of life. Is purged - As they qualify a man to offer up acceptable prayers to God for the pardon of his sins. By fear - By a filial reverence unto God. Depart - They are kept from abusing pardoning mercy, and from returning to folly or wickedness.
Verse 9. Deviseth - Proposes what he will do. Directeth - Over-rules and disposes all his designs and actions.
Verse 10. A divine sentence - Great sagacity and piercing judgment. Of the king - Of wise kings; who only are worthy of that name and office.
Verse 11. The Lord's - Are made by his direction and appointment, so that no man can alter them without violating God's rights and authority.
Verse 15. A cloud - As acceptable as those clouds which bring the latter rain, whereby the fruits are filled and ripened a little before the harvest.
Verse 17. The high-way - Their common road, in which they walk, tho' through frailty or temptation they slip into the bypath of sin. From evil - From the evil of sin, and consequently from the evil of punishment. Keepeth - That takes heed to walk in that high-way.
Verse 20. Good - He who orders his affairs with discretion.
Verse 21. The wise - He who is truly wise, shall be so accounted by others. Sweetness - Eloquence added to wisdom. Increaseth - Both in himself, for while a man teaches others, he improves himself; and others, who by this means are induced to hear and receive his instructions.
Verse 22. The instruction - Their most grave and serious counsels are foolish.
Verse 23. Teacheth - Directs him what to speak, and keeps him from speaking foolishly. Addeth - Enables him to speak learnedly and wisely.
Verse 27. Diggeth up - Prosecutes his evil designs with great industry. His lips - His tongue is set on fire of hell.
Verse 30. Shutteth - That his thoughts may be more intent. Moving - Which is the gesture of one whose thoughts are deeply engaged.
Verse 32. Is better - Of a more gallant and generous spirit, and more valiant and victorious.
Verse 33. The lot - As the ancient practice was in deciding doubtful things. The event of which though casual to men, is directed by God's providence.