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  • PARALLEL BIBLE - 1 Timothy 4:2


    CHAPTERS: 1 Timothy 1, 2, 3, 4, 5, 6     

    VERSES: 1, 2, 3, 4, 5, 6, 7, 8, 9, 10, 11, 12, 13, 14, 15, 16

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    King James Bible - 1 Timothy 4:2

    Speaking lies in hypocrisy; having their conscience seared with a hot iron;

    World English Bible

    through the hypocrisy of
    men who speak lies, branded in their own conscience as with a hot iron;

    Douay-Rheims - 1 Timothy 4:2

    Speaking lies in hypocrisy, and having their conscience seared,

    Webster's Bible Translation

    Speaking lies in hypocrisy, having their conscience seared with a
    hot iron;

    Greek Textus Receptus


    εν
    1722 υποκρισει 5272 ψευδολογων 5573 κεκαυτηριασμενων 2743 5772 την 3588 ιδιαν 2398 συνειδησιν 4893

    Treasury of Scriptural Knowledge

    VERSE (2) -
    1Ki 13:18; 22:22 Isa 9:15 Jer 5:21; 23:14,32 Da 8:23-25 Mt 7:15

    SEV Biblia, Chapter 4:2

    que con hipocresía hablarn mentira, teniendo cauterizada la conciencia,

    Clarke's Bible Commentary - 1 Timothy 4:2

    Verse 2. Speaking
    lies in hypocrisy] Persons pretending, not only to Divine inspiration, but also to extraordinary degrees of holiness, self-denial, mortification, &c., in order to accredit the lies and false doctrines which they taught. Multitudes of lies were framed concerning miracles wrought by the relics of departed saints, as they were termed.

    For, even in this country, Thomas a Becket was, deemed a saint, his relics wrought numerous miracles; and his tomb was frequented by multitudes of pilgrims! However, as he works none now, we may rest assured that he never did work any. In 1305, King Edward I. was prevailed on by his clergy to write to Pope Clement V. to canonize Thomas de Cantelupo, bishop of Hereford, because a multitude of miracles had been wrought by his influence; In tantum, says the king, quod ipsius meritis et intercessionibus gloriosis, lumen caecis, surdis auditus, verbum mutis, et gressus claudis, et alia pleraque beneficia ipsius patrocinium implorantibus, caelesti dextra conferuntur. "Insomuch that, by his glorious merits and intercessions, the blind receive their sight, the deaf hear, the dumb speak, and the lame walk; and many other benefits are conferred by the right hand of the Divine Being on those who implore his patronage." And therefore he prays that this dead bishop may be added to the calendar, "that he and his kingdom may enjoy his suffrages and merit his patronage in heaven, who had the benefit of his conversation on earth." Nos attendentes, per Dei gratiam, fideles in Christo, nosque praecipue, et populum regni nostri, ejus posse suffragiis adjuvari, ut, quem familiarem habuimus in terris, mereamur habere patronum in caelis. Foedera, vol. i., p. 976. Edit. 1816.

    Having their conscience seared with a hot iron] They bear the marks of their hypocrisy as evidently and as indelibly in their conscience in the sight of God, as those who have been cauterized for their crimes do in their bodies in the sight of men. It was customary in ancient times to mark those with a hot iron who had been guilty of great crimes, such as sacrilege, &c.

    And the heathens supposed that even in the other world they bear such marks; and by these the infernal judges knew the quantum of their vices, and appointed the degrees of their punishment. There is a saying much like that of the apostle in the invective of Claudian against Rufinus, whom he supposes to be thus addressed by Rhadamanthus, one of the infernal judges:- Quid demens manifesta negas? En pectus InUstae Deformant MACULAE! vitiisque inolevit imago, Nec sese commissa tegunt.

    "Thou fool, why dost thou deny what is so manifest? Behold the deep-burnt marks deform thy conscience; the appearance of them has grown up with thy vices; neither can the crimes which thou hast committed hide themselves."


    John Gill's Bible Commentary

    Ver. 2. Speaking lies in hypocrisy , etc.] Or through the hypocrisy of those that speak lies; for the apostle is still speaking of the means by which the apostasy should rise, and get ground; and it should be by the means of persons that should deliver lying or false doctrine under the colour of truth, and make great pretensions to religion and holiness, which would greatly take with men, and captivate and lead them aside: and this plainly points at the abettors of antichrist, the Romish priests, who deliver out the lying doctrines of merit, purgatory, invocation of saints, fastings, pilgrimages, etc. and the fabulous legends of saints, and the lying wonders and miracles done by them, and all under a show of godliness, and the promoting of religion and holiness: having their conscience seared with a hot iron ; which exactly describes the above mentioned persons, whose consciences are cauterized and hardened, and past feeling; and have no regard to what they say or do, make no conscience of anything, but under a cloak of sanctity commit the most shocking impieties; and are men of the most infamous characters, and of the most enormous and scandalous lives and conversations; so that the metaphor may be taken either from the searing of flesh with an iron, or cauterizing it, whereby it grows callous and hard; or from the stigmas or marks which used to be put on malefactors, or such who have been guilty of notorious crimes.

    Matthew Henry Commentary

    Verses 1-5 - The
    Holy Spirit, both in the Old and the New Testament, spoke of general turning from the faith of Christ, and the pure worship of God This should come during the Christian dispensation, for those ar called the latter days. False teachers forbid as evil what God ha allowed, and command as a duty what he has left indifferent. We fin exercise for watchfulness and self-denial, in attending to the requirements of God's law, without being tasked to imaginary duties which reject what he has allowed. But nothing justifies an intemperat or improper use of things; and nothing will be good to us, unless we seek by prayer for the Lord's blessing upon it.


    Greek Textus Receptus


    εν
    1722 υποκρισει 5272 ψευδολογων 5573 κεκαυτηριασμενων 2743 5772 την 3588 ιδιαν 2398 συνειδησιν 4893

    Vincent's NT Word Studies

    2. Speaking
    lies in hypocrisy (en upokrisei yeudologwn). Wrong. Rend., through the hypocrisy of men that speak lies. Upokrisiv hypocrisy once in Paul, Gal. ii. 13, see note. See also on Matthews xxiii. 13. The phrase ejn uJpokrisei only here. Yeudologov speaking lies, N.T.o . o LXX. Rare in Class.

    Having their conscience seared with a hot iron (en upokrisei yeudologwn) Better, branded in their own conscience. With a hot iron is superfluous. The verb N.T.o . o LXX, o Class. The metaphor is from the practice of branding slaves or criminals, the latter on the brow. These deceivers are not acting under delusion, but deliberately, and against their conscience. They wear the form of godliness, and contradict their profession by their crooked conduct (2 Tim. iii. 5). The brand is not on their brow, but on their conscience. Comp. Tit. i. 15; iii. 11.


    Robertson's NT Word Studies

    4:2 {Through the hypocrisy of men that speak lies} (en hupokrisei yeudologwn). For hupokrisis, see #Ga 2:13. yeudologos (yeudes, legw) _Koin_ word from Aristophanes on. Here only in N.T. "A good classical word for liars on a large scale" (Parry). {Branded in their own conscience as with a hot iron} (kekausteriasmenwn ten idian suneidesin). Accusative case suneidesin retained with the perfect passive participle of kausteriazw, a rare verb only here and once in Strabo. Branded with the mark of Satan (#2Ti 2:26) as Paul was with the marks of Christ (#Ga 6:17). Agreeing in case with yeudologwn.


    CHAPTERS: 1, 2, 3, 4, 5, 6
    VERSES: 1, 2, 3, 4, 5, 6, 7, 8, 9, 10, 11, 12, 13, 14, 15, 16

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