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  • PARALLEL BIBLE - Colossians 1:21

    CHAPTERS: Colossians 1, 2, 3, 4     

    VERSES: 1, 2, 3, 4, 5, 6, 7, 8, 9, 10, 11, 12, 13, 14, 15, 16, 17, 18, 19, 20, 21, 22, 23, 24, 25, 26, 27, 28, 29




    King James Bible - Colossians 1:21

    And you, that were sometime alienated and enemies in your mind by wicked works, yet now hath he reconciled

    World English Bible

    You, being in past times alienated and enemies in your mind in your evil works,

    Douay-Rheims - Colossians 1:21

    And you, whereas you were some
    time alienated and enemies in mind in evil works:

    Webster's Bible Translation

    And you, that were formerly alienated and enemies in your mind by wicked works, yet now hath he reconciled,

    Greek Textus Receptus

    2532 υμας 5209 ποτε 4218 οντας 5607 5752 απηλλοτριωμενους 526 5772 και 2532 εχθρους 2190 τη 3588 διανοια 1271 εν 1722 τοις 3588 εργοις 2041 τοις 3588 πονηροις 4190 νυνι 3570 δε 1161 αποκατηλλαξεν 604 5656

    Treasury of Scriptural Knowledge

    VERSE (21) -
    Ro 1:30; 5:9,10; 8:7,8 1Co 6:9-11 Eph 2:1,2,12,19; 4:18 Tit 3:3-7

    SEV Biblia, Chapter 1:21

    A vosotros tambin, que erais en otro tiempo extraos y enemigos de nimo en malas obras, ahora empero os ha reconciliado

    Clarke's Bible Commentary - Colossians 1:21

    Verse 21. And you, that were sometime
    alienated] All men are alienated from God, and all are enemies in their minds to him, and show it by their wicked works; but this is spoken particularly of the Gentiles. The word apallotriow, which we render to alienate, to give to another, to estrange, expresses the state of the Gentiles: while the Jews were, at least by profession, dedicated to God, the Gentiles were alienated, that is, given up to others; they worshipped not the true God, but had gods many and lords many, to whom they dedicated themselves, their religious service, and their property. The verb allotriow, to alienate, being compounded here with the preposition apo, from, signifies to abalienate, to estrange utterly, to be wholly the property of another. Thus the Gentiles had alienated themselves from God, and were alienated or rejected by him, because of their wickedness and idolatry.

    Enemies in your mind] They had the carnal mind, which is enmity against God; and this was expressed in their outward conduct by wicked works. See the note on Rom. v. 10. The mind is taken here for all the soul, heart, affections, passions, &c.

    John Gill's Bible Commentary

    Ver. 21. And you that were sometime alienated , etc.] The general blessing of grace and reconciliation, which belongs to the whole body of Christ, the church universal, all the elect of God, whether in heaven or in earth, is here particularly applied to the saints at Colosse, who were eminent instances of it; and that the free grace of God towards them in it might more illustriously appear, the apostle takes notice of what they were before the coming of Christ in the flesh, before the Gospel came among them, and while in a state of unregeneracy, as that they were alienated: that is from God, not from his general presence, power, and providence, which reach to all his creatures, but from the life of God; (see Ephesians 4:18); from living agreeably to the will of God, being estranged from him who is the fountain of moral and spiritual, as well as natural life; from the law, the rule of life, and from a principle of life in themselves; and altogether disapproving of such a life, as contrary to their carnal affections and lusts: and which alienation from God greatly lay in their forsaking him, the one only and true God, and following and serving strange gods, not attending to the dictates and light of nature; and being destitute of a divine revelation, they went further and further off from God, and from his people, worship, and ordinances; and were aliens from the commonwealth of Israel, and strangers to the covenants of promise; the source of all which was sin, and was owing to themselves: God did not alienate himself from them first; they alienated themselves from him; their sins separated between God and them, set them at a distance from him, and at enmity to him, and which very early appeared, for they were estranged from the womb: and enemies in [your] mind by wicked works . They were enemies to God, the true God, and were lovers and worshippers of idols; they were enemies to the being and perfections of God, as all men in a state of nature are; and more or less show it, by either denying there is a God, or wishing there was none, or fancying him to be such an one as themselves; or they dispute his sovereignty, deny his omniscience, arraign his justice and faithfulness, and despise the riches of his grace and goodness; they are enemies to his purposes, providences, and word; cannot bear that he should determine any thing concerning them or others; their eye is evil to him because he is good to others; they reply against him, they run upon him, and charge his decrees with unrighteousness and cruelty; murmur at and quarrel with the dispensations of his providence, as unequal and unjust; cast away the law of the Lord, will not be subject to it, and condemn the revelation of his will. They are enemies to Christ in one shape or another; either to his person, denying his proper deity, or real humanity; or to his offices, not hearkening to him as a prophet, trampling on his blood and sacrifice as a priest, and unwilling to have him to rule over them as a King; or to the way of salvation by him, of pardon by his blood, atonement by his sacrifice, justification by his righteousness, and acceptance with God through his person; or to his doctrines and ordinances, which are unsuitable to their vicious tastes, carnal affections, and appetites: they are enemies to the Spirit of Christ, by either denying his deity and personality, or by ridiculing the operations of his grace; or treating with contempt, and as foolish, everything of his, the Bible and all the truths contained in it, dictated by him. They are enemies to the people of God, exceeding mad against them, hate them and persecute them, reckon them the faith of the world, and the offscouring of all things, living in malice to them, and hateful and hating one another: and this enmity to everything divine and good is seated in the mind; the mind is not the object of this enmity, as some read the words, to the mind: for the mind of a carnal man is enmity itself against God; but it is the subject of it, where it has its chief place, and from whence it proceeds, and shows itself in evil actions; and though the word your is not in the original text, it is rightly supplied; for the meaning is not that they were enemies of his mind; of the mind of the Lord, of his counsels and will, as some read and explain the words, though there is a truth in this, but in their own minds: so that not the body but the soul is the seat of this enmity; and not the inferior faculties of the soul only, the sensitive appetite and passions, but the understanding, the judgment and will, the more noble and rational powers of the soul; from hence spring all the malice and enmity expressed in word and actions: where then is man's free will to that which is good? and hence it is that the mind stands in need of being renewed, enlightened, cleansed and sanctified, and renovation begins here, which is the effect of almighty power; for nothing else can remove the rooted enmity in the heart of men; and which, as deep and as secret as it is, sooner or later, in one way or another, shows itself by wicked works; and that frequently, as by loving what God hates, and hating what he loves; by omitting what he commands, and committing what he forbids; by maintaining friendship with the world, and by harbouring his professed enemies, and persecuting his dear friends; and by their wicked words, and evil lives and conversations; and by the various works of the flesh, which are manifest, some being more directly against God, others by which they wrong themselves, and others by which they injure their neighbours: yet now hath he reconciled ; which may be understood either of the Father's reconciling them to himself by his Son; and so the words are a continuation of the account of the Father's grace, as to all the elect in general, so to the Colossians in particular, notwithstanding the black characters in which they stand described in their natural estate: or else of Christ's reconciling them to his Father, by the sacrifice of himself, which he voluntarily offered for them, though this was their case, and of enemies made them friends: and may be meant either of the impetration of reconciliation for them by his sufferings and death; or of the virtue and efficacy of it in the application of it; in the former sense the now refers to the coming of Christ into the world, and the time of his death, and the offering up of his body once for all, when peace and reconciliation were completely made at once for all God's elect; in the latter sense it refers to the time of the conversion of these Colossians, when Christ by his Spirit, in consequence of reconciliation made in the body of his flesh, through death reconciled them to God; to his mind and will, to the way of salvation by himself, to the saints the excellent in the earth, to the Gospel and the ordinances of it, and to all his ways and worship.

    Matthew Henry Commentary

    Verses 15-23 -
    Christ in his human nature, is the visible discovery of the invisibl God, and he that hath seen Him hath seen the Father. Let us adore thes mysteries in humble faith, and behold the glory of the Lord in Chris Jesus. He was born or begotten before all the creation, before an creature was made; which is the Scripture way of representing eternity and by which the eternity of God is represented to us. All things being created by Him, were created for him; being made by his power, the were made according to his pleasure, and for his praise and glory. He not only created them all at first, but it is by the word of his powe that they are upheld. Christ as Mediator is the Head of the body, the church; all grace and strength are from him; and the church is his body. All fulness dwells in him; a fulness of merit and righteousness of strength and grace for us. God showed his justice in requiring ful satisfaction. This mode of redeeming mankind by the death of Christ wa most suitable. Here is presented to our view the method of being reconciled. And that, notwithstanding the hatred of sin on God's part it pleased God to reconcile fallen man to himself. If convinced that we were enemies in our minds by wicked works, and that we are no reconciled to God by the sacrifice and death of Christ in our nature we shall not attempt to explain away, nor yet think fully to comprehen these mysteries; but we shall see the glory of this plan of redemption and rejoice in the hope set before us. If this be so, that God's love is so great to us, what shall we do now for God? Be frequent in prayer and abound in holy duties; and live no more to yourselves, but to Christ. Christ died for us. But wherefore? That we should still live in sin? No; but that we should die to sin, and live henceforth not to ourselves, but to Him.

    Greek Textus Receptus

    2532 υμας 5209 ποτε 4218 οντας 5607 5752 απηλλοτριωμενους 526 5772 και 2532 εχθρους 2190 τη 3588 διανοια 1271 εν 1722 τοις 3588 εργοις 2041 τοις 3588 πονηροις 4190 νυνι 3570 δε 1161 αποκατηλλαξεν 604 5656

    Vincent's NT Word Studies

    Enemies. To God, in the active sense.

    Mind (dianoia). See on imagination, Luke i. 51. The spiritual seat of enmity.

    By wicked works (en toiv egroiv toiv ponhroiv). Rev., better, in your evil works. In the performance of - the sphere in which, outwardly, their alienation had exhibited itself.

    Robertson's NT Word Studies

    1:21 {And you} (kai humas). Accusative case in a rather loose sentence, to be explained as the object of the infinitive parastesai in verse #22 (note repeated humas there) or as the anticipated object of apokatellaxen if that be the genuine form in verse #22. It can be the accusative of general reference followed by anacoluthon. See similar idiom in #Eph 2:1,12. {Being in time past alienated} (pote ontas apellotriwmenous). Periphrastic perfect passive participle (continuing state of alienation) of apallotriow, old word from Plato on, to estrange, to render allotrios (belonging to another), alienated from God, a vivid picture of heathenism as in #Ro 1:20-23. Only other N.T. examples in #Eph 2:12; 4:18. enemies (exqrous). Old word from ecqos (hatred). Active sense here, {hostile} as in #Mt 13:28; Ro 8:7, not passive {hateful} (#Ro 11:28). {In your mind} (tei dianoiai). Locative case. dianoia (dia, nous), mind, intent, purpose. Old word. It is always a tragedy to see men use their minds actively against God. {In your evil works} (en tois ergois tois ponerois). Hostile purpose finds natural expression in evil deeds.

    CHAPTERS: 1, 2, 3, 4
    VERSES: 1, 2, 3, 4, 5, 6, 7, 8, 9, 10, 11, 12, 13, 14, 15, 16, 17, 18, 19, 20, 21, 22, 23, 24, 25, 26, 27, 28, 29


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