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  • PARALLEL BIBLE - Galatians 5:19


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    King James Bible - Galatians 5:19

    Now the works of the flesh are manifest, which are these; Adultery, fornication, uncleanness, lasciviousness,

    World English Bible

    Now the works of the flesh are obvious, which are: adultery,
    sexual immorality, uncleanness, lustfulness,

    Douay-Rheims - Galatians 5:19

    Now the works of the flesh are manifest, which are fornication, uncleanness, immodesty, luxury,

    Webster's Bible Translation

    Now the works of the flesh are manifest, which are these, Adultery, fornication, uncleanness, lasciviousness,

    Greek Textus Receptus


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    Treasury of Scriptural Knowledge

    VERSE (19) -
    :13,17; 6:8 Ps 17:4 Joh 3:6 Ro 7:5,18,25; 8:3,5,9,13 1Co 3:3 1Pe 4:2

    SEV Biblia, Chapter 5:19

    Y manifiestas son las obras de la carne, que son: adulterio, fornicacin, inmundicia, disolucin,

    Clarke's Bible Commentary - Galatians 5:19

    Verse 19. Now the works of the
    flesh are manifest] By flesh we are to understand the evil and fallen state of the soul, no longer under the guidance of God's Spirit and right reason, but under the animal passions; and they are even rendered more irregular and turbulent by the influence of sin; so that man is in a worse state than the brute: and so all-commanding is this evil nature that it leads men into all kinds of crimes; and among them the following, which are manifest - known to all, and most prevalent; and, though these are most solemnly forbidden by your law, the observance of its ordinances gives no power to overcome them, and provides no pardon for the guilt and condemnation produced by them.

    Adultery] moiceia? Illicit connection with a married person. This word is wanting in this place in the best MSS., versions, and fathers; the next term often comprehending both.

    Fornication] porneia? Illicit connection between single or unmarried persons; yet often signifying adultery also.

    Uncleanness] akaqapsia? Whatever is opposite to purity; probably meaning here, as in Rom. i. 24; 2 Cor. xii. 21, unnatural practices; sodomy, bestiality.

    Lasciviousness] aselgeia? Whatever is contrary to chastity; all lewdness.


    John Gill's Bible Commentary

    Ver. 19. Now the works of the flesh are manifest , etc..] By flesh is meant corrupt nature, as before, and by the works of it, not only external acts of sin, but inward lusts; for such are here mentioned among its works, as hatred, wrath, envyings, etc.. and both external and internal acts are so called, because they spring from the flesh, or corrupt nature, and are what that urges and solicits to, and are wrought thereby, and are what denominate and show men to be carnal: these are said to be manifest; not that they are all, and always publicly done, and are open to the sight of men; for they are works of darkness, and often done in secret, though they are always manifest to God the searcher of hearts, and will be brought to light in the day of judgment; but they are known to be sins in some measure by the light of nature, and especially by the law of God; and a clear case it is, that they are contrary to the Spirit, both to the Spirit of God, and to the principle of grace he forms in the heart; and that such who live in the commission of them are not led by him, nor are under the influence of his grace: which are these ; though all are not mentioned, only some of the chief, by which judgment may be made of the rest: adultery ; this is left out in the Vulgate Latin, Syriac, and Ethiopic versions, and in the Alexandrian copy; it is a defilement of the marriage bed, and is the sin of uncleanness committed by two persons, one of which at least is in a married state, is condemned by the law of God and light of nature: fornication ; which though by many of the Gentiles was reckoned no sin, or a very small one, stands here among the works of the flesh, that are manifest and to be avoided; it is the sin of uncleanness committed by persons in a single state; uncleanness , it is a general name for all unchastity, in thought, word, or action; and may here design more especially all unnatural lusts, as sodomy , self-pollution, etc.. lasciviousness ; or wantonness, all lustful dalliance, everything that leads on to acts of uncleanness, or attends them, as impure words, filthy gestures, and the like.

    Matthew Henry Commentary

    Verses 16-26 - If it be our care to act under the guidance and
    power of the blesse Spirit, though we may not be freed from the stirrings and opposition of the corrupt nature which remains in us, it shall not have dominio over us. Believers are engaged in a conflict, in which they earnestl desire that grace may obtain full and speedy victory. And those wh desire thus to give themselves up to be led by the Holy Spirit, are no under the law as a covenant of works, nor exposed to its awful curse Their hatred of sin, and desires after holiness, show that they have part in the salvation of the gospel. The works of the flesh are man and manifest. And these sins will shut men out of heaven. Yet what numbers, calling themselves Christians, live in these, and say the hope for heaven! The fruits of the Spirit, or of the renewed nature which we are to do, are named. And as the apostle had chiefly name works of the flesh, not only hurtful to men themselves, but tending to make them so to one another, so here he chiefly notices the fruits of the Spirit, which tend to make Christians agreeable one to another, a well as to make them happy. The fruits of the Spirit plainly show, tha such are led by the Spirit. By describing the works of the flesh an fruits of the Spirit, we are told what to avoid and oppose, and what we are to cherish and cultivate; and this is the sincere care an endeavour of all real Christians. Sin does not now reign in their mortal bodies, so that they obey it, Ro 6:12, for they seek to destro it. Christ never will own those who yield themselves up to be the servants of sin. And it is not enough that we cease to do evil, but we must learn to do well. Our conversation will always be answerable to the principle which guides and governs us, Ro 8:5. We must se ourselves in earnest to mortify the deeds of the body, and to walk in newness of life. Not being desirous of vain-glory, or unduly wishin for the esteem and applause of men, not provoking or envying on another, but seeking to bring forth more abundantly those good fruits which are, through Jesus Christ, to the praise and glory of God __________________________________________________________________


    Greek Textus Receptus


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    Vincent's NT Word Studies

    19. Manifest. You have a clearly defined
    standard by' which to decide whether you are led by the Spirit or by the flesh. Each exhibits its peculiar works or fruits.

    Adultery (moiceia). To be dropped from the text.

    Uncleanness (akaqarsia). See on 1 Thess. ii. 3.

    Lasciviousness (aselgeia). See on Mark vii. 22.


    Robertson's NT Word Studies

    5:19 {Manifest} (fanera). Opposed to "hidden" (krupta). Ancient writers were fond of lists of vices and virtues. Cf. Stalker's sermons on _The Seven Cardinal Virtues_ and _The Seven Deadly Sins_. There are more than seven in this deadly list in verses #19-21. He makes the two lists in explanation of the conflict in verse #17 to emphasize the command in verses #13f. There are four groups in Paul's list of manifest vices: (I) Sensual sins like fornication (porneia, prostitution, harlotry), uncleanness (akaqarsia, moral impurity), lasciviousness (aselgeia, wantonness), sexual vice of all kinds prevailed in heathenism. (2) Idolatry (eidwlatreia, worship of idols) and witchcraft (farmakeia from farmakon, a drug, the ministering of drugs), but the sorcerers monopolized the word for a while in their magical arts and used it in connection with idolatry. In N.T. only here and #Re 18:23. See #Ac 19:19 perierga, curious arts. (3) Personal relations expressed by eight words, all old words, sins of the spirit, like enmities (exqrai, personal animosities), strife (eris, rivalry, discord), jealousies (zelos or zeloi, MSS. vary, our very word), wraths (qumoi, stirring emotions, qen explosions), factions (eriqeiai, from eriqos, day laborer for hire, worker in wool, party spirit), divisions (dicostasiai, splits in two, dica and stasis), heresies (haireseis, the very word, but really choosings from haireomai, preferences), envyings (fqonoi, feelings of ill-will). Surely a lively list. (4) {Drunkenness} (meqai, old word and plural, drunken excesses, in N.T. only here and #Lu 21:34; Ro 13:13), revellings (kwmoi, old word also for drinking parties like those in honor of Bacchus, in N.T. only here and #Ro 13:13; 1Pe 4:3). {And such like} (kai ta homoia toutois). And the things like these (associative instrumental toutois after homoia, like). It is not meant to be exhaustive, but it is representative.


    CHAPTERS: 1, 2, 3, 4, 5, 6
    VERSES: 1, 2, 3, 4, 5, 6, 7, 8, 9, 10, 11, 12, 13, 14, 15, 16, 17, 18, 19, 20, 21, 22, 23, 24, 25, 26

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