Verse 12. "Abishai-slew of the Edomites" - This victory is attributed to David, 2 Sam. viii. 13. He sent Abishai against them, and he defeated them: this is with great propriety attributed to David as commander-in-chief; qui facit per alterum, facit per se.
Verse 15. "Joab-was over the host" - General-in-chief.
Verse 17. "Cherethites and the Pelethites" - See the note on 2 Sam. viii. 18.
"The Targum says, "Benaiah was over the great Sanhedrin and the small Sanhedrin, and consulted Urim and Thummim. And at his command the archers and slingers went to battle." The sons of David" - These were the highest in authority.