"Ancients of the priests" - The chiefs of the twenty-four classes which David had established. See 1 Chron. xxiv. 4.
Verse 4. "Estranged this place" - Ye have devoted my temple to a widely different purpose from that for which it was erected.
Verse 5. "Offerings unto Baal" - A general name for all the popular idols; Baal, Moloch, Ashtaroth, &c.
Verse 7. "I will make void the counsel of Judah" - Probably this refers to some determination made to proclaim themselves independent, and pay no more tribute to the Chaldeans.
"To be meat for the fowls" - See on chap. vii. 33.
Verse 9. "I will cause them to eat the flesh of their sons" - This was literally fulfilled when Jerusalem was besieged by the Romans. This also the prophet might have had in view.
Verse 11. "Even so will I break this people and this city" - The breaking of the bottle was the symbolical representation of the destruction of the city and of the state.
"That cannot be made whole again" - This seems to refer rather to the final destruction of Jerusalem by the Romans, than to what was done by the Chaldeans. Jerusalem was healed after 70 years: but nearly 1800 years have elapsed since Jerusalem was taken and destroyed by the Romans; and it was then so broken, that it could not be made whole again.
Verse 15. "Because they have hardened their necks" - A metaphor taken from unruly and unbroken oxen, who resist the yoke, break and run away with their gears. So this people had broken and destroyed the yoke of the law.