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  • PARALLEL BIBLE - 1 Corinthians 2:11


    CHAPTERS: 1 Corinthians 1, 2, 3, 4, 5, 6, 7, 8, 9, 10, 11, 12, 13, 14, 15, 16     
    VERSES: 1, 2, 3, 4, 5, 6, 7, 8, 9, 10, 11, 12, 13, 14, 15, 16

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    King James Bible - 1 Corinthians 2:11

    For what man knoweth the things of a man, save the spirit of man which is in him? even so the things of God knoweth no man, but the Spirit of God.

    World English Bible

    For who among
    men knows the things of a man, except the spirit of the man, which is in him? Even so, no one knows the things of God, except God's Spirit.

    Douay-Rheims - 1 Corinthians 2:11

    For what man knoweth the things of a man, but the spirit of a man that is in him? So the things also that are of God no man knoweth, but the Spirit of God.

    Webster's Bible Translation

    For what man knoweth the things of a man, save the spirit of man which is in him? even so the things of God knoweth no man, but the Spirit of God.

    Greek Textus Receptus


    τις
    5101 I-NSM γαρ 1063 CONJ οιδεν 1492 5758 V-RAI-3S ανθρωπων 444 N-GPM τα 3588 T-APN του 3588 T-GSM ανθρωπου 444 N-GSM ει 1487 COND μη 3361 PRT-N το 3588 T-NSN πνευμα 4151 N-NSN του 3588 T-GSM ανθρωπου 444 N-GSM το 3588 T-NSN εν 1722 PREP αυτω 846 P-DSM ουτως 3779 ADV και 2532 CONJ τα 3588 T-APN του 3588 T-GSM θεου 2316 N-GSM ουδεις 3762 A-NSM οιδεν 1492 5758 V-RAI-3S ει 1487 COND μη 3361 PRT-N το 3588 T-NSN πνευμα 4151 N-NSN του 3588 T-GSM θεου 2316 N-GSM

    Treasury of Scriptural Knowledge

    VERSE (11) -
    Pr 14:10; 20:5,27 Jer 17:9

    SEV Biblia, Chapter 2:11

    Porque ¿quin de los hombres sabe las cosas del hombre, sino el espíritu del mismo hombre que est en l? Así tampoco nadie conoci las cosas que son de Dios, sino el Espíritu de Dios.

    Clarke's Bible Commentary - 1 Corinthians 2:11

    Verse 11. For what man knoweth the things of a man] The word anqrwpwn in the first clause is omitted by the Codex Alexandrinus, and one other; and by Athanasius, Cyril, and Vigil of Tapsus.
    Bishop Pearce contends strongly against the authenticity of the word, and reads the passage thus: "For what is there that knoweth the things of a man, except the spirit of a man that is in him?"I leave out," says the learned bishop, "anqrwpwn, with the Alexandrian MS., and read tiv gar oiden ta tou anqrwpou; because I conceive that the common reading is wide of St. Paul's meaning; for to say, What man except the spirit of a man, is (I think) to speak improperly, and to suppose that the spirit of a man is a man; but it is very proper to say, What except the spirit of a man: tiv is feminine as well as masculine, and therefore may be supplied with ousia, or some such word, as well as with anqrwpov." Though the authority for omitting this word is comparatively slender, yet it must be owned that its omission renders the text much more intelligible. But even one MS. may preserve the true reading.

    The spirit of a man knows the things of a man: that is, a man is conscious of all the schemes, plans, and purposes, that pass in his own mind; and no man can know these things but himself. So, the Spirit of God, He whom we call the Third Person of the glorious TRINITY, knows all the counsels and determinations of the Supreme Being. As the Spirit is here represented to live in God as the soul lives in the body of a man, and as this Spirit knows all the things of God, and had revealed those to the apostles which concern the salvation of the world, therefore what they spoke and preached was true, and men may implicitly depend upon it. The miracles which they did, in the name of Christ, were the proof that they had that Spirit, and spoke the truth of God.


    John Gill's Bible Commentary

    Ver. 11. For what man knoweth the things of a man , etc.] The thoughts of a mans heart, the conceptions of his mind, the schemes he is drawing there, his designs, purposes, and intentions; these can never be known by another man, no, nor by angels or devils; not by any creature; by none save the spirit of a man which is in him ? which is only conscious to, and can only make known the things that are in him: even so the things of God knoweth no man, but the Spirit of God ; and which, as it proves how secret, hidden, unknown, the mysteries of grace are, until revealed by the Spirit; so it gives full evidence to the deity of the Holy Ghost, and clearly shows he must be God, who is in him, knows the thoughts of his heart, the counsels of his mind, his purposes and decrees, and what is contained in them.

    Matthew Henry Commentary

    Verses 10-16 -
    God has revealed true wisdom to us by his Spirit. Here is a proof of the Divine authority of the Holy Scriptures, 2Pe 1:21. In proof of the Divinity of the Holy Ghost, observe, that he knows all things, and he searches all things, even the deep things of God. No one can know the things of God, but his Holy Spirit, who is one with the Father and the Son, and who makes known Divine mysteries to his church. This is mos clear testimony, both to the real Godhead and the distinct person of the Holy Spirit. The apostles were not guided by worldly principles They had the revelation of these things from the Spirit of God, and the saving impression of them from the same Spirit. These things the declared in plain, simple language, taught by the Holy Spirit, totall different from the affected oratory or enticing words of man's wisdom The natural man, the wise man of the world, receives not the things of the Spirit of God. The pride of carnal reasoning is really as muc opposed to spirituality, as the basest sensuality. The sanctified min discerns the real beauties of holiness, but the power of discerning an judging about common and natural things is not lost. But the carnal ma is a stranger to the principles, and pleasures, and actings of the Divine life. The spiritual man only, is the person to whom God give the knowledge of his will. How little have any known of the mind of God by natural power! And the apostles were enabled by his Spirit to make known his mind. In the Holy Scriptures, the mind of Christ, and the mind of God in Christ, are fully made known to us. It is the grea privilege of Christians, that they have the mind of Christ revealed to them by his Spirit. They experience his sanctifying power in their hearts, and bring forth good fruits in their lives __________________________________________________________________


    Greek Textus Receptus


    τις
    5101 I-NSM γαρ 1063 CONJ οιδεν 1492 5758 V-RAI-3S ανθρωπων 444 N-GPM τα 3588 T-APN του 3588 T-GSM ανθρωπου 444 N-GSM ει 1487 COND μη 3361 PRT-N το 3588 T-NSN πνευμα 4151 N-NSN του 3588 T-GSM ανθρωπου 444 N-GSM το 3588 T-NSN εν 1722 PREP αυτω 846 P-DSM ουτως 3779 ADV και 2532 CONJ τα 3588 T-APN του 3588 T-GSM θεου 2316 N-GSM ουδεις 3762 A-NSM οιδεν 1492 5758 V-RAI-3S ει 1487 COND μη 3361 PRT-N το 3588 T-NSN πνευμα 4151 N-NSN του 3588 T-GSM θεου 2316 N-GSM

    Vincent's NT Word Studies

    11. Spirit (pneuma). See on
    Rom. viii. 4. The things of God can be recognized only by the highest element of the human personality. They have not entered into the heart (kardia, see on Rom. i. 21), but into the spirit, which is the highest and principal point of contact with the Spirit of God.

    Robertson's NT Word Studies

    2:11 {Knoweth} (oiden, egnwken). Second
    perfect of root id-, to see and so know, first perfect of ginwskw, to know by personal experience, has come to know and still knows. See First John for a clear distinction in the use of oida and ginwskw. {The spirit of man that is in him} (to pneuma tou anqrwpou to en autwi). The self-consciousness of man that resides in the man or woman (generic term for mankind, anqrwpos). {The Spirit of God} (to pneuma tou qeou). Note the absence of to en autwi. It is not the mere self-consciousness of God, but the personal Holy Spirit in his relation to God the Father. Paul's analogy between the spirit of man and the Spirit of God does not hold clear through and he guards it at this vital point as he does elsewhere as in #Ro 8:26 and in the full Trinitarian benediction in #2Co 13:13. pneuma in itself merely means breath or wind as in #Joh 3:8. To know accurately Paul's use of the word in every instance calls for an adequate knowledge of his theology, and psychology. But the point here is plain. God's Holy Spirit is amply qualified to make the revelation claimed here in verses #6-10.


    CHAPTERS: 1, 2, 3, 4, 5, 6, 7, 8, 9, 10, 11, 12, 13, 14, 15, 16
    VERSES: 1, 2, 3, 4, 5, 6, 7, 8, 9, 10, 11, 12, 13, 14, 15, 16

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