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  • PARALLEL BIBLE - 1 John 4:18

    CHAPTERS: 1 John 1, 2, 3, 4, 5     

    VERSES: 1, 2, 3, 4, 5, 6, 7, 8, 9, 10, 11, 12, 13, 14, 15, 16, 17, 18, 19, 20, 21




    King James Bible - 1 John 4:18

    There is no fear in love; but perfect love casteth out fear: because fear hath torment. He that feareth is not made perfect in love.

    World English Bible

    There is no fear in love; but perfect love casts out fear, because fear has punishment. He who fears is not made perfect in love.

    Douay-Rheims - 1 John 4:18

    Fear is not in charity: but perfect charity casteth out fear, because fear hath pain. And he that feareth, is not perfected in charity.

    Webster's Bible Translation

    There is no fear in love; but perfect love casteth out fear: because fear hath torment. He that feareth, is not made perfect in love.

    Greek Textus Receptus

    5401 ουκ 3756 εστιν 2076 5748 εν 1722 τη 3588 αγαπη 26 αλλ 235 η 3588 τελεια 5046 αγαπη 26 εξω 1854 βαλλει 906 5719 τον 3588 φοβον 5401 οτι 3754 ο 3588 φοβος 5401 κολασιν 2851 εχει 2192 5719 ο 3588 δε 1161 φοβουμενος 5399 5740 ου 3756 τετελειωται 5048 5769 εν 1722 τη 3588 αγαπη 26

    Treasury of Scriptural Knowledge

    VERSE (18) -
    Lu 1:74,75 Ro 8:15 2Ti 1:7 Heb 12:28

    SEV Biblia, Chapter 4:18

    En la caridad no hay temor; mas la perfecta caridad echa fuera el temor; porque el temor tiene pena; de donde el que teme, no est completo en caridad.

    Clarke's Bible Commentary - 1 John 4:18

    Verse 18. There is no
    fear in love] The man who feels that he loves God with all his heart can never dread him as his Judge. As he is now made a partaker of his Spirit, and carries a sense of the Divine approbation in his conscience, he has nothing of that fear that produces terror or brings torment. The perfect love - that fullness of love, which he has received, casteth out fear - removes all terror relative to this day of judgment, for it is of this that the apostle particularly speaks. And as it is inconsistent with the gracious design of God to have his followers miserable, and as he cannot be unhappy whose heart is full of the love of his God, this love must necessarily exclude this fear or terror; because that brings torment, and hence is inconsistent with that happiness which a man must have who continually enjoys the approbation of his God.

    He that feareth] He who is still uncertain concerning his interest in Christ; who, although he has many heavenly drawings, and often sits with Christ some moments on a throne of love, yet feels from the evils of his heart a dread of the day of judgment; is not made perfect in love - has not yet received the abiding witness of the Spirit that he is begotten of God; nor that fullness of love to God and man which excludes the enmity of the carnal mind, and which it is his privilege to receive. But is the case of such a man desperate? No: it is neither desperate nor deplorable; he is in the way of salvation, and not far from the kingdom of heaven. Let such earnestly seek, and fervently believe on the Son of God; and he will soon give them another baptism of his Spirit, will purge out all the old leaven, and fill their whole souls with that love which is the fulfilling of the law.

    He who is not yet perfect in love may speedily become so, because God can say in a moment, I will, be thou clean; and immediately his leprosy will depart. Among men we find some that have neither love nor fear; others that have fear without love; others that have love and fear; and others that have love without fear.

    1. Profligates, and worldly men in general, have neither the fear nor love of God.

    2. Deeply awakened and distressed penitents have the fear or terror of God without his love.

    3. Babes in Christ, or young converts, have often distressing fear mixed with their love.

    4. Adult Christians have love without this fear; because fear hath torment, and they are ever happy, being filled with God. See Mr. Wesley's note on this place.

    1. We must not suppose that the love of God shed abroad in the heart is ever imperfect in itself; it is only so in degree. There may be a less or greater degree of what is perfect in itself; so it is with respect to the love which the followers of God have; they may have measures or degrees of perfect love without its fullness. There is nothing imperfect in the love of God, whether it be considered as existing in himself, or as communicated to his followers.

    2. We are not to suppose that the love of God casts out every kind of fear from the soul; it only casts out that which has torment. 1. A filial fear is consistent with the highest degrees of love; and even necessary to the preservation of that grace. This is properly its guardian; and, without this, love would soon degenerate into listlessness, or presumptive boldness. 2.

    Nor does it cast out that fear which is so necessary to the preservation of life; that fear which leads a man to flee from danger lest his life should be destroyed. 3. Nor does it cast out that fear which may be engendered by sudden alarm. All these are necessary to our well-being. But it destroys, 1.

    The fear of want; 2. The fear of death; and 3. The fear or terror of judgment. All these fears bring torment, and are inconsistent with this perfect love.

    John Gill's Bible Commentary

    Ver. 18. There is no fear in love , &c.] In the love of the brethren; where that is, there is no fear: so far as that prevails and gains ground, fear removes; not the filial fear of God, the new covenant grace of fear, which is the beginning of wisdom, and is consistent with faith, hope, love, and spiritual joy; but either the fear of men, which brings a snare: those that truly love Christ, his Gospel, and his people, they are not afraid of men; the spirit of power, love, and of a sound mind, is opposite to a spirit of fear, nor can they stand together; and such strength there is sometimes in brotherly love, that the saints are not afraid of death itself, but freely lay down their lives for one another; (see 1 John 3:16); or it may be rather, that they are not afraid of the day of judgment, and of hell and damnation; where hatred of the brethren has place, there is a fear and dread of these things, as were in Cain; but those that love the brethren, they know they are passed from death to life, and shall not enter into condemnation, and therefore are in no fear of any of these things: but perfect love casteth out fear ; when love to the brethren appears to be perfect, that is, genuine and sincere, and a man knows that from the bottom of his heart he sincerely loves the saints, he concludes from hence, as he may, the truth of his faith, which works in this way; and this frees him from the fears of men and devils, and of the future judgment and wrath to come.

    The Jews have a saying f45 , worthy is his portion that rules over the place of fear, for lo, there is nothing that rules over the degree of fear but love. Because fear hath torment : it distresses a man, fills him with anguish, and makes him restless and uneasy, and keeps him in servitude; through the fear of men, of the devil, death, judgment, and hell, he is all his lifetime, or as long as this fear lasts, subject to bondage: or fear has punishment, as it may be rendered, and is by the Vulgate Latin version; it is a punishment itself to a man; and its being criminal deserves punishment, and is punishable; (see Revelation 21:8); he that feareth is not made perfect in love ; or by love; that is, he that is possessed, and under the power of a servile fear of punishment, is one who is not, by the love to the brethren, made to appear to himself to be a sincere lover of God, and true believer in Christ; for was he, he would not be in fear of destruction and death, since whoever truly loves God, and believes in Christ, shall certainly be saved; though such persons, at times, may not be without their doubts and fears.

    Matthew Henry Commentary

    Verses 14-21 - The Father sent the Son, he willed his coming into this world. The apostle attests this. And whosoever shall confess that Jesus is the So of God, God dwelleth in him, and he in God. This confession include faith in the heart as the foundation; makes acknowledgment with the mouth to the glory of God and Christ, and profession in the life an conduct, against the flatteries and frowns of the world. There must be a day of universal judgment. Happy those who shall have holy boldnes before the Judge at that day; knowing he is their Friend and Advocate Happy those who have holy boldness in the prospect of that day, wh look and wait for it, and for the Judge's appearance! True love to God assures believers of God's love to them. Love teaches us to suffer for him and with him; therefore we may trust that we shall also be glorified with him, 2Ti 2:12. We must distinguish between the fear of God and being afraid of him; the fear of God imports high regard an veneration for God. Obedience and good works, done from the principl of love, are not like the servile toil of one who unwillingly labour from dread of a master's anger. They are like that of a dutiful child who does services to a beloved father, which benefit his brethren, an are done willingly. It is a sign that our love is far from perfect when our doubts, fears, and apprehensions of God, are many. Let heave and earth stand amazed at his love. He sent his word to invite sinner to partake of this great salvation. Let them take the comfort of the happy change wrought in them, while they give him the glory. The love of God in Christ, in the hearts of Christians from the Spirit of adoption, is the great proof of conversion. This must be tried by it effects on their temper, and their conduct to their brethren. If a ma professes to love God, and yet indulges anger or revenge, or shows selfish disposition, he gives his profession the lie. But if it is plain that our natural enmity is changed into affection and gratitude let us bless the name of our God for this seal and earnest of eterna happiness. Then we differ from the false professors, who pretend to love God, whom they have not seen, yet hate their brethren, whom the have seen __________________________________________________________________

    Greek Textus Receptus

    5401 ουκ 3756 εστιν 2076 5748 εν 1722 τη 3588 αγαπη 26 αλλ 235 η 3588 τελεια 5046 αγαπη 26 εξω 1854 βαλλει 906 5719 τον 3588 φοβον 5401 οτι 3754 ο 3588 φοβος 5401 κολασιν 2851 εχει 2192 5719 ο 3588 δε 1161 φοβουμενος 5399 5740 ου 3756 τετελειωται 5048 5769 εν 1722 τη 3588 αγαπη 26

    Vincent's NT Word Studies

    18. There is no
    fear in love (fobov ouk estin en th agaph). Lit., fear is not. It has no existence. The fear is that spoken of in 1 Pet. i. 17; Heb. xii. 28; godly fear; filial reverence; not slavish fear, as Romans viii. 15. In love, lit., the love, that perfected love of which John has been speaking.

    Perfect (teleia). Not perfected, as ver. 17 but perfect as the result of having been perfected. Compare Heb. v. 14; Jas. i. 4; iii. 2. Casteth out (exw ballei). A strong expression: turneth out of doors. Fear is cast out of the sphere of the fellowship of love. See the phrase in John vi. 37; ix. 34, 35; xii. 31; xv. 6.

    Hath torment (kolasin ecei). Torment is a faulty translation. The word means punishment, penalty. It occurs in the New Testament only here and Matt. xxv. 46. The kindred verb, kolazomai to punish, is found Acts iv. 21; 2 Pet. ii. 9. Note the present tense, hath. The punishment is present. Fear by anticipating punishment has it even now. The phrase hath punishment (see on John xvi. 22) indicates that the punishment is inherent in the fear. Fear carries its own punishment. Augustine, commenting on the expulsion of fear by love, says: "As in sewing, we see the thread passed through by the needle. The needle is first pushed in, but the thread cannot be introduced until the needle is brought out. So fear first occupies the mind, but does not remain permanently, because it entered for the purpose of introducing love." The words because fear hath punishment are parenthetical.

    He that feareth The A.V. omits and (de), which is important as closely connecting this clause with there is no fear in love, etc. That is an abstract statement; this is personal; two modes of stating the same truth. Rev. "and he that feareth."

    Is not made perfect. "Men's condition is varied; without fear and love; with fear without love; with fear and love; without fear with love" (Bengel).

    CHAPTERS: 1, 2, 3, 4, 5
    VERSES: 1, 2, 3, 4, 5, 6, 7, 8, 9, 10, 11, 12, 13, 14, 15, 16, 17, 18, 19, 20, 21


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