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  • PARALLEL BIBLE - 1 Thessalonians 4:6


    CHAPTERS: 1 Thessalonians 1, 2, 3, 4, 5     

    VERSES: 1, 2, 3, 4, 5, 6, 7, 8, 9, 10, 11, 12, 13, 14, 15, 16, 17, 18

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    King James Bible - 1 Thessalonians 4:6

    That no man go beyond and defraud his brother in any matter: because that the Lord is the avenger of all such, as we also have forewarned you and testified.

    World English Bible

    that no one should take advantage of and wrong a brother or sister in this matter; because the Lord is an avenger in all these things, as also we forewarned you and testified.

    Douay-Rheims - 1 Thessalonians 4:6

    And that no man overreach, nor circumvent his brother in
    business: because the Lord is the avenger of all these things, as we have told you before, and have testified.

    Webster's Bible Translation

    That no man go beyond and defraud his brother in any matter: because the Lord is the avenger of all such, as we also have forewarned you and testified.

    Greek Textus Receptus


    το
    3588 μη 3361 υπερβαινειν 5233 5721 και 2532 πλεονεκτειν 4122 5721 εν 1722 τω 3588 πραγματι 4229 τον 3588 αδελφον 80 αυτου 846 διοτι 1360 εκδικος 1558 ο 3588 κυριος 2962 περι 4012 παντων 3956 τουτων 5130 καθως 2531 και 2532 προειπαμεν 4277 5656 υμιν 5213 και 2532 διεμαρτυραμεθα 1263 5662

    Treasury of Scriptural Knowledge

    VERSE (6) -
    Ex 20:15,17 Le 19:11,13 De 24:7; 25:13-16 Pr 11:1; 16:11; 20:14

    SEV Biblia, Chapter 4:6

    que ninguno oprima, ni calumnie en nada a su hermano; porque el Seor es vengador de todo esto, como ya os hemos dicho y protestado.

    Clarke's Bible Commentary - 1 Thessalonians 4:6

    Verse 6. That no man go beyond and
    defraud his brother] That no man should by any means endeavour to corrupt the wife of another, or to alienate her affections or fidelity from her husband; this I believe to be the apostle's meaning, though some understand it of covetousness, overreaching, tricking, cheating, and cozenage in general.

    The Lord is the avenger of all such] He takes up the cause of the injured husband wherever the case has not been detected by man, and all such vices he will signally punish. Every species of uncleanness was practised among the heathens, nor were they reputed as vices. Their gods, their emperors, their philosophers, and their great men in general, gave them examples of every species of impurity; and they had no system of ethics which forbade these abominations. The Christian religion not only discountenances these things, but forbids them on the most awful penalties; therefore wherever Christianity prevails, these vices, if practised at all, are obliged to seek the deepest gloom of midnight to cover them from the eyes of men. On this account they are comparatively rare, even among the mere professors of Christianity; they exist, but do not flourish.


    John Gill's Bible Commentary

    Ver. 6. That no man go beyond, and defraud his brother in any matter , etc.] Or in this matter, as the Syriac version. This is commonly understood of transgressing the bounds of justice and equity between men and men; and of cheating and defrauding in trade and business, by increasing or lessening the value and prices of goods by the buyer and seller, by not keeping to the bargain, contract, covenant, or sample, by false weights and measures, and by taking the advantage of the weakness and ignorance of men; all which is aggravated by dealing thus with a brother; (see 1 Corinthians 6:8) and this hint is thought the rather necessary, since Thessalonica was a place of great trade and business. But the matter, or business referred to, is not trade, but the subject of chastity or uncleanness the apostle is speaking of, both before and after; and the phrases used either design the act of adultery, coveting a brother's wife, and lying with her, and so a defrauding and wronging of him by defiling his bed; or rather sodomitical practices, an unnatural lust and desire in men after men, and copulation with them; for uperbainein , rendered, go beyond, answers to l[ ab , to go upon, or lie with, so often used in Jewish writings for lying with women, men, and beasts, in an unlawful way.

    Thus, for instance f23 , these are to be burned, ha l[ abh , he that lies with a woman, and her daughter, etc.

    And again f24 , these are to be beaten, l[ abh , he that lies with his sister, or his father's sister, etc.

    And the word pleonektein , translated defraud, signifies a greedy, insatiable, and unnatural lust and desire after a man, a brother, or the committing of sodomitical practices with greediness: (see Ephesians 4:19) which abominable iniquities are dissuaded from by the following reasons, because that the Lord is the avenger of all such ; or with respect to all these things, as the Vulgate Latin and Syriac versions render it; or for all these things, as the Arabic and Ethiopic versions; as fornication, adultery, lasciviousness, and all sorts of abominable uncleanness. The person that commits these things the Lord avenges, either in this life, by the hand of the civil magistrate, who is the minister of God, a revenger to execute wrath on him that does evil; or by a violent death, as in the case of Zimri and Cozbi, and twenty four thousand more at the same time; or by some awful judgment from heaven, as in the case of Sodom and Gomorrah; or in the world to come; for the law of God is made and lies against such persons; these living and dying in such sins God will judge, to whom vengeance belongs; these shall not inherit the kingdom of God, but have their part and portion in the lake which burns with fire and brimstone. As we have also forewarned you and testified ; not by a former epistle, as if this was the second to them, and what follows the first, as Grotius thought; but they did this when they were in person with them, knowing that these abominable vices greatly prevailed in their city; therefore they bore their testimony against them, and exposed the evil of them, and warned them of the danger by them, so that they could not now plead ignorance. The Ethiopic version reads in the first person singular, as I have before said unto you, and testified to you.


    Matthew Henry Commentary

    Verses 1-8 - To abide in the faith of the gospel is not enough, we must abound in the work of faith. The rule according to which all ought to walk an act, is the commandments given by the Lord Jesus Christ Sanctification, in the renewal of their souls under the influences of the Holy Spirit, and attention to appointed duties, constituted the will of God respecting them. In aspiring after this renewal of the sou unto holiness, strict restraint must be put upon the appetites an senses of the body, and on the thoughts and inclinations of the will which lead to wrong uses of them. The Lord calls none into his famil to live unholy lives, but that they may be taught and enabled to wal before him in holiness. Some make light of the precepts of holiness because they hear them from men; but they are God's commands, and to break them is to despise God.


    Greek Textus Receptus


    το
    3588 μη 3361 υπερβαινειν 5233 5721 και 2532 πλεονεκτειν 4122 5721 εν 1722 τω 3588 πραγματι 4229 τον 3588 αδελφον 80 αυτου 846 διοτι 1360 εκδικος 1558 ο 3588 κυριος 2962 περι 4012 παντων 3956 τουτων 5130 καθως 2531 και 2532 προειπαμεν 4277 5656 υμιν 5213 και 2532 διεμαρτυραμεθα 1263 5662

    Vincent's NT Word Studies

    6. That no man go beyond (to mh uperbainein). Lit. the not going beyond. Dependent on this is the will of Glod, ver. 3. The verb N.T.. Often in LXX, mostly in the literal sense of overpassing limits. Also of overtaking, passing by, surpassing, as in
    wickedness or cruelty. It is an expansion of the preceding thought. Pursue your business as holy men: do not overreach or defraud.

    It is the overstepping of the line between mine and thine. It is used absolutely, being defined by the succeeding clause. The A.V. is literal, go beyond. Rev. renders tranegress. Weizsacker and Bornemann "ubergreife overreach." So. Rev. margin. This last is the best.

    Defraud (pleonektein). P o . See on 2 Cor. ii. 11, and covetousness, Rom. i. 29. It emphasises gain as the motive of fraud. Three times in LXX, Judg. iv. 11; Hab. ii. 9; Ezek. xxii. 27. Often in Class.

    In any matter (en tw pragmati). Rev. correctly, in the matter. Comp. 2 Corinthians vii. 11. The sense is the business in hand, whatever it be. The tw does not stand for tini any. For pragmati, matter, see on Matthew xviii. 19. Those who connect this clause with the preceding, explain tw as the matter just mentioned - adultery.

    Avenger (ekdikov). P o . Here and Rom. xiii. 4. In LXX rarely, and in the same sense as here. In this sense it occurs only in late Greek. For the warning comp. Eph. v. 6; Col. iii. 6; Rom. xiii. 4; Galatians v. 21.


    Robertson's NT Word Studies

    4:6 {That no man transgress} (to me huperbainein). Old verb to go beyond. Final use of to (accusative of general reference) and the infinitive (negative m), parallel to apecesqai and eidenai ktasqai above. {And wrong his brother} (kai pleonektein ton adelfon autou). To take more, to overreach, to take advantage of, to defraud. {In the matter} (en twi pragmati). The delicacy of Paul makes him refrain from plainer terms and the context makes it clear enough as in #2Co 7:11 (twi pragmati). {An avenger} (ekdikos). Regular term in the papyri for legal avenger. Modern men and women need to remember that God is the avenger for sexual wrongs both in this life and the next.


    CHAPTERS: 1, 2, 3, 4, 5
    VERSES: 1, 2, 3, 4, 5, 6, 7, 8, 9, 10, 11, 12, 13, 14, 15, 16, 17, 18

    PARALLEL VERSE BIBLE

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