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  • PARALLEL BIBLE - 1 Timothy 2:8

    CHAPTERS: 1 Timothy 1, 2, 3, 4, 5, 6     

    VERSES: 1, 2, 3, 4, 5, 6, 7, 8, 9, 10, 11, 12, 13, 14, 15




    King James Bible - 1 Timothy 2:8

    I will therefore that men pray every where, lifting up holy hands, without wrath and doubting.

    World English Bible

    I desire therefore that the
    men in every place pray, lifting up holy hands without anger and doubting.

    Douay-Rheims - 1 Timothy 2:8

    I will therefore that
    men pray in every place, lifting up pure hands, without anger and contention.

    Webster's Bible Translation

    I will therefore that
    men pray every where, lifting up holy hands, without wrath and doubting.

    Greek Textus Receptus

    1014 5736 ουν 3767 προσευχεσθαι 4336 5738 τους 3588 ανδρας 435 εν 1722 παντι 3956 τοπω 5117 επαιροντας 1869 5723 οσιους 3741 χειρας 5495 χωρις 5565 οργης 3709 και 2532 διαλογισμου 1261

    Treasury of Scriptural Knowledge

    VERSE (8) -
    1Ti 5:14 1Co 7:7 *Gr:

    SEV Biblia, Chapter 2:8

    Quiero, pues, que los varones oren en todo lugar, levantando manos limpias, sin ira ni contienda.

    Clarke's Bible Commentary - 1 Timothy 2:8

    Verse 8. I will therefore] Seeing the
    apostle had his authority from Christ, and spoke nothing but what he received from him, his boulomai, I will, is equal to I command.

    That men pray] That is, for the blessings promised in this testimony of God. For, although God has provided them, yet he will not give them to such as will not pray. See the note on verse 1, the subject of which is here resumed.

    Everywhere] ev panti topw? In every place. That they should always have a praying heart, and this will ever find a praying place. This may refer to a Jewish superstition. They thought, at first, that no prayer could be acceptable that was not offered at the temple at Jerusalem; afterward this was extended to the Holy Land; but, when they became dispersed among the nations, they built oratories or places of prayer, principally by rivers and by the seaside; and in these they were obliged to allow that public prayer might be legally offered, but nowhere else. In opposition to this, the apostle, by the authority of Christ, commands men to pray everywhere; that all places belong to God's dominions; and, as he fills every place, in every place he may be worshipped and glorified. As to ejaculatory prayer, they allowed that this might be performed standing, sitting, leaning, lying, walking by the way, and during their labour. Beracoth, fol. xi. 1. And yet in some other places they teach differently. See Schoettgen.

    Lifting up holy hands] It was a common custom, not only among the Jews, but also among the heathens, to lift up or spread out their arms and hands in prayer. It is properly the action of entreaty and request; and seems to be an effort to embrace the assistance requested. But the apostle probably alludes to the Jewish custom of laying their hands on the head of the animal which they brought for a sin-offering, confessing their sins, and then giving up the life of the animal as an expiation for the sins thus confessed. And this very notion is conveyed in the original term epairontav, from airw to lift up, and epi, upon or over. This shows us how Christians should pray. They should come to the altar; set God before their eyes; humble themselves for their sins; bring as a sacrifice the Lamb of God; lay their hands on this sacrifice; and by faith offer it to God in their souls' behalf, expecting salvation through his meritorious death alone.

    Without wrath] Having no vindictive feeling against any person; harbouring no unforgiving spirit, while they are imploring pardon for their own offenses.

    The holy hands refer to the Jewish custom of washing their hands before prayer; this was done to signify that they had put away all sin, and purposed to live a holy life.

    And doubting.] dialogismou or dialogismwn, as in many MSS., reasonings, dialogues. Such as are often felt by distressed penitents and timid believers; faith, hope, and unbelief appearing to hold a disputation and controversy in their own bosoms, in the issue of which unbelief ordinarily triumphs. The apostle therefore wills them to come, implicitly relying on the promises of God, and the sacrifice and mediation of Jesus Christ.

    John Gill's Bible Commentary

    Ver. 8. I will therefore that men pray everywhere , etc.] In this declaration of the apostle's will concerning prayer, he only takes notice of men; not but that it is both the duty and privilege of women, as well as men, to pray in their houses and closets; but because he is speaking of public prayer in the church, which only belongs to men, he speaks only of them; and his will is, that prayer should be performed by them everywhere, or in any place, in any part of the world where they lived. Now was the prophecy in ( Malachi 1:11) fulfilled, and now was the time come our Lord refers to, ( John 4:21). This seems to be said in opposition to a Jewish notion, that the temple at Jerusalem was the only place for prayer, and that prayer made elsewhere ought to be directed towards that. The Jews say f26 , that there is no way for the prayer of the nations of the world to ascend, seeing the gates of heaven are only opened in the land of Israel. And again, that the prayers without the land have no way to go up before the Lord, but the Israelites send them without the land opposite Jerusalem; and when they come to Jerusalem, from thence they remove and ascend above. No prayer ascends above from that place in which it is made, till it come to the land of Israel, and from thence to Jerusalem, and from thence to the sanctuary, and then it ascends above.

    They have also many rules concerning places of private prayer, as that care should be taken that it be not in a place where there is any filth; or any bad scent f27 . Lifting up holy hands ; lifting up of hands was a prayer gesture among the Heathens f28 , and so it was among the Jews f29 . R. Simeon lift up his hands in prayer to the blessed God, and prayed his prayer. Yea, they say, it is forbidden a man to lift up his hands above, except in prayer, and in blessings to his Lord, and supplications, as it is said, ( Genesis 14:22) which is interpreted of lifting up of hands in prayer.

    And this was an emblem of the elevation of the heart in prayer to God, without which the former would be of little avail. It is an observation of the Jews f31 , we have found prayer without lifting up of hands, but we never found lifting up of hands without prayer. And these hands must be holy and pure; there must be purity of heart, and cleanness of hands, or a freedom from any governing sin, which renders prayer unacceptable unto God; (see Isaiah 1:15,16). The apostle alludes to a custom of the Jews, who always used to wash their hands before prayer; Then Holofernes commanded his guard that they should not stay her: thus she abode in the camp three days, and went out in the night into the valley of Bethulia, and washed herself in a fountain of water by the camp. And when she came out, she besought the Lord God of Israel to direct her way to the raising up of the children of her people. (Judith 12:7,8) So it is said of the Septuagint interpreters, that after the Jewish manner they washed their hands and prayed. The account Maimonides gives f33 , is this: cleanness of hands, how is it done? a man must wash his hands up to the elbow, and after that pray; if a man is on a journey, and the time of prayer is come, and he has no water, if there is between him and water four miles, which are eight thousand cubits, he may go to the place of water, and wash, and after that pray. If there is between him more than that, he may rub his hands, and pray. But if the place of water is behind him, he is not obliged to go back but a mile; but if he has passed from the water more than that, he is not obliged to return, but he rubs his hands and prays; they do not make clean for prayer but the hands only, in the rest of prayers, except the morning prayer; but before the morning prayer a man washes his face, his hands and feet, and after that prays.

    But, alas! what does all this washing signify? Unless, as Philo the Jew f34 , expresses it, a man lifts up pure, and, as one may say, virgin hands, to heaven, and so prays. Without wrath and doubting ; or reasoning, or disputation in a contentious way: the former of these, some think, has reference to murmuring, as the Ethiopic version renders it, impatience and complaint against God in prayer, and the other to doubt and diffidence about being heard, and having the petitions answered; for prayer ought to be with praise to God, and faith in him: or rather wrath may intend an angry and unforgiving temper towards men, with whom prayer is made, which is very unbecoming; (see Matthew 5:23,24 6:10 1 Peter 3:7) and both that and doubting, or disputation, may have regard to those heats and contentions that were between the Jews and Gentiles, which the apostle would have laid aside, and they join together in prayer, and in other parts of public worship, in love and peace. Maimonides says, ``men may not stand praying, either with laughter, or with levity, nor with confabulation, nor with contention, nor with anger, but with the words of the law.

    And it is a saving of R. Chanina, in a day of wrath, a man may not pray f36 .

    Matthew Henry Commentary

    Verses 8-15 - Under the gospel, prayer is not to be confined to any one particula house of prayer, but men must pray every where. We must pray in ou closets, pray in our families, pray at our meals, pray when we are of journeys, and pray in the solemn assemblies, whether more public of private. We must pray in charity; without wrath, or malice, or anger a any person. We must pray in faith, without doubting, and withou disputing. Women who profess the Christian religion, must be modest i apparel, not affecting gaudiness, gaiety, or costliness. Good works ar the best ornament; these are, in the sight of God, of great price Modesty and neatness are more to be consulted in garments than eleganc and fashion. And it would be well if the professors of seriou godliness were wholly free from vanity in dress. They should spend mor time and money in relieving the sick and distressed, than in decoratin themselves and their children. To do this in a manner unsuitable to their rank in life, and their profession of godliness, is sinful. Thes are not trifles, but Divine commands. The best ornaments for professor of godliness, are good works. According to St. Paul, women are no allowed to be public teachers in the church; for teaching is an offic of authority. But good women may and ought to teach their children a home the principles of true religion. Also, women must not thin themselves excused from learning what is necessary to salvation, thoug they must not usurp authority. As woman was last in the creation, whic is one reason for her subjection, so she was first in the transgression. But there is a word of comfort; that those who continu in sobriety, shall be saved in child-bearing, or with child-bearing, by the Messiah, who was born of a woman. And the especial sorrow to whic the female sex is subject, should cause men to exercise their authorit with much gentleness, tenderness, and affection __________________________________________________________________

    Greek Textus Receptus

    1014 5736 ουν 3767 προσευχεσθαι 4336 5738 τους 3588 ανδρας 435 εν 1722 παντι 3956 τοπω 5117 επαιροντας 1869 5723 οσιους 3741 χειρας 5495 χωρις 5565 οργης 3709 και 2532 διαλογισμου 1261

    Vincent's NT Word Studies

    8. I will (boulomai). Better, I desire. See on Matthews i. 9, and comp.
    Philip. i. 12. Paul's word is qelw I will. See Rom. xvi. 19; 1 Corinthians vii. 32; x. 20; xiv. 5, 19, etc.

    Everywhere (en panti topw). Lit. in every place. Wherever Christian congregations assemble. Not every place indiscriminately.

    Lifting up holy hands (epairontav osiouv ceirav). The phrase is unique in N.T. o LXX. Among Orientals the lifting up of the hands accompanied taking an oath, blessing, and prayer. The custom passed over into the primitive church, as may be seen from the mural paintings in the catacombs. See Clement, Ad Corinth. xxix, which may possibly be a reminiscence of this passage. The verb ejpairein to raise, twice in Paul, 2 Corinthians x. 5; xi. 20; but often in Luke. Osiouv holy, o P. See on Luke i. 75.

    Without wrath and doubting (cwriv orghv kai dialogismwn). The combination only here. Orgh is used by Paul mostly of the righteous anger and the accompanying judgment of God against sin. As here, only in Eph. iv. 31; Col. iii. 8. Dialogismov in N.T. habitually in the plural, as here. The only exception is Luke ix. 46, 47. By Paul usually in the sense of disputatious reasoning. It may also mean sceptical questionings or criticisms as Philip. ii. 14. So probably here. Prayer, according to our writer, is to be without the element of sceptical criticism, whether of God's character and dealings, or of the character and behavior of those for whom prayer is offered.

    Robertson's NT Word Studies

    2:8 {I desire} (boulomai). So #Php 1:12. {The men} (tous andras). Accusative of general reference with the infinitive proseucesqai. The men in contrast to "women" (gunaikas) in #9. It is public worship, of course, and "in every place" (en panti topwi) for public worship. Many modern Christians feel that there were special conditions in Ephesus as in Corinth which called for strict regulations on the women that do not always apply now. {Lifting up holy hands} (epairontas hosious ceiras). Standing to pray. Note also hosious used as feminine (so in Plato) with ceiras instead of hosias. The point here is that only men should lead in public prayer who can lift up "clean hands" (morally and spiritually clean). See #Lu 24:50. Adverb hosiws in #1Th 2:10 and hosiotes in #Eph 4:24. {Without wrath and disputing} (cwris orges kai dialogismou). See #Php 2:14.

    CHAPTERS: 1, 2, 3, 4, 5, 6
    VERSES: 1, 2, 3, 4, 5, 6, 7, 8, 9, 10, 11, 12, 13, 14, 15


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