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  • PARALLEL BIBLE - Hebrews 9:23


    CHAPTERS: Hebrews 1, 2, 3, 4, 5, 6, 7, 8, 9, 10, 11, 12, 13     

    VERSES: 1, 2, 3, 4, 5, 6, 7, 8, 9, 10, 11, 12, 13, 14, 15, 16, 17, 18, 19, 20, 21, 22, 23, 24, 25, 26, 27, 28

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    King James Bible - Hebrew 9:23

    It was therefore necessary that the patterns of things in the heavens should be purified with these; but the heavenly things themselves with better sacrifices than these.

    World English Bible

    It was necessary therefore that the copies of the things in the heavens should be cleansed with these; but the heavenly things themselves with better sacrifices than these.

    Douay-Rheims - Hebrew 9:23

    It is necessary therefore that the patterns of heavenly things should be cleansed with these: but the heavenly things themselves with better sacrifices than these.

    Webster's Bible Translation

    It was therefore necessary that the patterns of things in the heavens should be purified with these; but the heavenly things themselves with better sacrifices than these.

    Greek Textus Receptus


    αναγκη
    318 ουν 3767 τα 3588 μεν 3303 υποδειγματα 5262 των 3588 εν 1722 τοις 3588 ουρανοις 3772 τουτοις 5125 καθαριζεσθαι 2511 5745 αυτα 846 δε 1161 τα 3588 επουρανια 2032 κρειττοσιν 2909 θυσιαις 2378 παρα 3844 ταυτας 3778

    Treasury of Scriptural Knowledge

    VERSE (23) -
    :9,10,24; 8:5; 10:1 Col 2:17

    SEV Biblia, Chapter 9:23

    ¶ Así que fue necesario que las figuras de las cosas celestiales fuesen purificadas con estas cosas; pero las mismas cosas celestiales, con mejores sacrificios que stos.

    Clarke's Bible Commentary - Hebrew 9:23

    Verse 23. The patterns of things in the heavens] That is: The
    tabernacle and all its utensils, services, &c., must be purified by these, viz.: The blood of calves and goats, and the sprinkling of the blood and water with the bunch of hyssop bound about with scarlet wool. These are called patterns, upodeigmata, exemplars, earthly things, which were the representatives of heavenly things. And there is no doubt that every thing in the tabernacle, its parts, divisions, utensils, ministry, &c., as appointed by God, were representations of celestial matters; but how far and in what way we cannot now see.

    Purification implies, not only cleansing from defilement, but also dedication or consecration. All the utensils employed in the tabernacle service were thus purified though incapable of any moral pollution.

    But the heavenly things themselves] Some think this means heaven itself, which, by receiving the sacrificed body of Christ, which appears in the presence of God for us, may be said to be purified, i.e., set apart for the reception of the souls of those who have found redemption in his blood. 2.

    Others think the body of Christ is intended, which is the tabernacle in which his Divinity dwelt; and that this might be said to be purified by its own sacrifice, as he is said, John xvii. 19, to sanctify himself; that is, to consecrate himself unto God as a sin-offering for the redemption of man. 3. Others suppose the Church is intended, which he is to present to the Father without spot or wrinkle or any such thing. 4. As the entrance to the holy of holies must be made by the sprinkling of the blood of the sacrifice, and as that holy of holies represented heaven, the apostle's meaning seems to be that there was and could be no entrance to the holiest but through his blood; and therefore, when by a more perfect tabernacle, ver. 11, 12, he passed into the heavens, not with the blood of bulls and goats, but by his own blood, he thus purified or laid open the entrance to the holiest, by a more valuable sacrifice than those required to open the entrance of the holy of holies. It was necessary, therefore, for God had appointed it so, that the tabernacle and its parts, &c., which were patterns of things in the heavens, should be consecrated and entered with such sacrifices as have already been mentioned; but the heaven of heavens into which Jesus entered, and whither he will bring all his faithful followers, must be propitiated, consecrated, and entered, by the infinitely better sacrifice of his own body and blood. That this is the meaning appears from the following verse.


    John Gill's Bible Commentary

    Ver. 23. It was therefore necessary , etc..] On account of the divine appointment, and that types and antitypes might correspond; and especially it was necessary with respect to the Messiah, the substance and body of all types. So Jonathan ben Uzziel paraphrases the text in ( Exodus 40:9): and thou shalt take the anointing oil, and thou shalt anoint the tabernacle, and all that is in it; and thou shall sanctify it, lwjm , because of the crown of the kingdom of the house of Judah, and the King Messiah, who shall redeem Israel in the latter days.

    Upon his account it was necessary, that the patterns of things in the heavens should be purified with these ; that is, that all the people, and the book of the covenant, and the tabernacle, and its vessels, which were types and patterns of persons and things in Gospel churches, should be purified with blood and water, and with scarlet wool and hyssop. But the heavenly things themselves, with better sacrifices than these ; the sum and substance of the above patterns, shadows, and examples, such as heaven itself; which though not impure in itself, yet some think it, may be said to be purified, because saints are made meet for it, by being purged with the blood of Christ; others observe, that sin reaches to heaven, and provokes God that dwells there; hence atonement for it may be called a purification of heaven: but rather this may be said of it, inasmuch as by the blood of Christ an entrance and preparation is made for the saints into it.

    Likewise, the human nature of Christ is among these heavenly things; not that it is heavenly, as to the matter and substance of it, but may be so called, because of its wonderful formation; and which has been purified, not from any real internal pollution that was in it, but from what was imputed to it, the sin of his people. Also the whole church, triumphant and militant, may be intended by heavenly things: the Old Testament saints went to heaven before Christ came; and though they were not impure, but were the spirits of just men made perfect, yet their iniquities were purged by the blood and sacrifice of Christ, after they were gone to heaven; (see Hebrews 9:15 Romans 3:25). The church militant, or believers on earth, may be said to be heavenly, since they are partakers of an heavenly birth and calling; their head is in heaven, and their conversation is there; and they have a right unto it, and are making meet for it; and they are in themselves defiled with sin, and are purified by the blood of Christ, and sanctified by the offering up of his body once for all: to which may be added, that spiritual blessings are heavenly things; they are from heaven, and saints are blessed with them in heavenly places and these come to them through the blood and sacrifice of Christ; yea, the Gospel, which is from heaven, and the doctrines of it, are sealed and confirmed by the blood of Christ: his sacrifice is expressed in the plural number; not that there has been a repetition of it, for it is but one sacrifice, and but once offered up, and will never be reiterated; but to show the excellency of it, being usual with the Jews to use the plural number of things the most excellent; so Christ is called Wisdoms, ( Proverbs 1:20) besides, respect may be had to the many sacrifices under the law, which were types of it, and were answered and fulfilled by it; and to the many persons on whose account it was offered; and to the parts of it, the soul and body of Christ: and this is a better sacrifice than the legal ones, in its own nature and in its use and efficacy to take away sin, and make perfect, which they could not.


    Matthew Henry Commentary

    Verses 23-28 - It is evident that the sacrifices of Christ are infinitely better tha those of the law, which could neither procure pardon for sin, no impart power against it. Sin would still have been upon us, and have had dominion over us; but Jesus Christ, by one sacrifice, has destroye the works of the devil, that believers may be made righteous, holy, an happy. As no wisdom, learning, virtue, wealth, or power, can keep on of the human race from death, so nothing can deliver a sinner from being condemned at the day of judgment, except the atoning sacrifice of Christ; nor will one be saved from eternal punishment who despises of neglects this great salvation. The believer knows that his Redeeme liveth, and that he shall see him. Here is the faith and patience of the church, of all sincere believers. Hence is their continual praye as the fruit and expression of their faith, Even so come, Lord Jesus __________________________________________________________________


    Greek Textus Receptus


    αναγκη
    318 ουν 3767 τα 3588 μεν 3303 υποδειγματα 5262 των 3588 εν 1722 τοις 3588 ουρανοις 3772 τουτοις 5125 καθαριζεσθαι 2511 5745 αυτα 846 δε 1161 τα 3588 επουρανια 2032 κρειττοσιν 2909 θυσιαις 2378 παρα 3844 ταυτας 3778

    Vincent's NT Word Studies

    23. The heavenly
    sanctuary required a better purification than the Levitical.

    The patterns of things in the heavens. The earthly tabernacle and its furniture. See on ch. viii. 5.

    With these (toutoiv). Things specified in ver. 19.

    With better sacrifices (kreittosi qusiaiv). How can it be said that the heavenly things needed cleansing? It is not easy to answer. Various explanations have been proposed, which the student will find collected in Alford's note on this passage. The expression is rhetorical and figurative, and appears to be founded on that feature of the Levitical ritual according to which the high priest was required, on the Great Day of Atonement, to make an atonement for the sanctuary, "because of the uncleanness of the children of Israel." He was to do this also for the tabernacle of the congregation, and for the great altar. See Lev. xvi. 16 ff. The rite implied that even the holy of holies had contracted defilement from the people's sin. Similarly, the atoning blood of Christ is conceived as purifying the things of the heavenly sanctuary which had been defiled by the sins of men. "If the heavenly city of God, with its Holy Place, is, conformably with the promise, destined for the covenant-people, that they may there attain to perfect fellowship with God, then their guilt has defiled these holy things as well as the earthly, and they must be purified in the same way as the typical law appointed for the latter, only not by the blood of an imperfect, but of a perfect sacrifice" (Delitzsch). 215



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    VERSES: 1, 2, 3, 4, 5, 6, 7, 8, 9, 10, 11, 12, 13, 14, 15, 16, 17, 18, 19, 20, 21, 22, 23, 24, 25, 26, 27, 28

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