SEV Biblia, Chapter 28:18 De coral ni de perlas no se hará mención; la sabiduría es mejor que las piedras preciosas.
Clarke's Bible Commentary - Job 28:18 Verse 18. See also Clarke on "ver. 16". Ver. 18. 4. twmar ramoth, CORAL, from µar raam, to be exalted or elevated; probably from this remarkable property of coral, "it always grows from the tops of marine rocky caverns with the head downwards." Red coral is found in the Mediterranean, about the isles of Majorca and Minorca, on the African coast, and in the Ethiopic ocean. 5. ybg gabish, PEARLS, from bg gabash, in Arabic, to be smooth, to shave off the hair; and hence ybg gabish, the pearl, the smooth round substance; and also hail or hailstones, because of their resemblance to pearls. The pearl is the production of a shell-fish of the oyster kind, found chiefly in the East Indies, and called berberi; but pearls are occasionally found in the common oyster, as I have myself observed, and in the muscle also. They are of a brilliant sparkling white, perfectly round in general, and formed of coats in the manner of an onion. Out of one oyster I once took six pearls. When large, fine, and without spots, they are valuable. I have seen one that formed the whole body of a Hindoo idol, Creeshna, more than an inch in length, and valued at 300 guineas. Ver. 18. 6. µynynp peninim, RUBIES, from hnp panah, he turned, looked, beheld. The oriental ruby is blood-red, rose-red, or with a tinge of violet. It has occasionally a mixture of blue, and is generally in the form of six-sided prisms. It is a species of the sapphire, and is sometimes chatoyant in its appearance, i.e., has a curious kind of reflection, similar to the cat's eye: and as this is particularly striking, and changes as you turn the stone, hence probably the name peninim, which you derive from hnp panah, to turn, look, behold, &c. But some learned men are of opinion that the magnet or loadstone is meant, and it is thus called because of the remarkable property it has of turning north and south. And this notion is rendered the more likely, because it agrees with another word in this verse, expressive of a different property of the magnet, viz., its attractive influence: for the Hebrew words µynynpm hmkj ûm meshech chochmah mippeninim, which we render, The price of wisdom is above rubies, is literally, The ATTRACTION of wisdom is beyond the peninim, the loadstone; for all the gold, silver, and precious stones, have strong influence on the human heart, attracting all its passions strongly; yet the attraction of wisdom-that which insures a man's happiness in both worlds-is more powerful and influential, when understood, than all of these, and even than the loadstone, for that can only attract iron; but, through desire of the other, a man, having separated himself from all those earthly entanglements, seeketh and intermeddleth with ALL WISDOM. The attractive property of the loadstone must have been observed from its first discovery; and there is every reason to believe that the magnet and its virtues were known in the East long before they were discovered in Europe. 7. hdfp pitdah, the TOPAZ. This word occurs only in Exod. xxviii. 17; xxxix. 10; Ezekiel xxviii. 13, and in the present place; in all of which, except that of Ezekiel, where the Septuagint is all confusion, the Septuagint and Vulgate render the word always topazion, topazius, the TOPAZ. This stone is generally found in a prismatic form, sometimes limpid and nearly transparent, or of various shades of yellow, green, blue, lilac, and red. I have thus given the best account I can of the stones here mentioned, allowing that they answer to the names by which we translate them. But on this point there is great uncertainty, as I have already had occasion to observe in other parts of this work. Beasts, birds, plants, metals, precious stones, unguents, different kinds of grain, &c., are certainly mentioned in the sacred writings; but whether we know what the different Hebrew terms signify, is more than we can certainly affirm. Of some there is little room to doubt; of others conjecture must in the present state of our knowledge, supply the place of certainty. See PHILIP'S Elementary Introduction to MINERALOGY; an accurate work, which I feel pleasure in recommending to all students in the science.
Matthew Henry Commentary Verses 12-19 - Job here speaks of wisdom and understanding, the knowing and enjoyin of God and ourselves. Its worth is infinitely more than all the riche in this world. It is a gift of the Holy Ghost which cannot be bough with money. Let that which is most precious in God's account, be so i ours. Job asks after it as one that truly desired to find it, an despaired of finding it any where but in God; any way but by Divin revelation. (Job 28:20-28)
Original Hebrew ראמות 7215 וגבישׁ 1378 לא 3808 יזכר 2142 ומשׁך 4901 חכמה 2451 מפנינים׃ 6443