SEV Biblia, Chapter 1:4 Lo que quedó de la oruga comió la langosta, y lo que quedó de la langosta comió el pulgón; y el revoltón comió lo que del pulgón había quedado.
Clarke's Bible Commentary - Joel 1:4 Verse 4. That which the palmerworm hath left] Here he begins to open his message, and the words he chooses show that he is going to announce a devastation of the land by locusts, and a famine consequent on their depredations. What the different insects may be which he specifies is not easy to determine. I shall give the words of the original, with their etymology.
The palmerworm, µzg gazam, from the same root, to cut short; probably the caterpillar, or some such blight, from its cutting the leaves of the trees into pieces for its nourishment.
The locust, hbra arbeh, from hbr rabah, to multiply, from the immense increase and multitude of this insect.
Cankerworm, qly yelek, from ql lak, to lick or lap with the tongue; the reference is uncertain.
Caterpillar, lysj chasil, from lsj chasal, to consume, to eat up, the consumer. Bishop Newcome translates the first grasshopper; the second, locust; the third, devouring locust; and the fourth, consuming locust. After all that has been said by interpreters concerning these four animals, I am fully of opinion that the arbeh, or locust himself, is the gazam, the yelek, and the chasing and that these different names are used here by the prophet to point out the locust in its different states, or progress from embryo to full growth. See the note on chap. ii. 2.
John Gill's Bible Commentary Ver. 4. That which the palmer worm hath left hath the locust eaten , etc.] These, with the two following, are four kinds of, locusts as Jarchi observes; though it is difficult to fix the particular species designed; they seem to have their names from some peculiar properties belonging to them; as the first of these from their sheering or cropping off the fruits and leaves of trees; and the second from the vast increase of them, the multitude they bring forth and the large numbers they appear in: and that which the locust hath left hath the canker worm eaten ; which in the Hebrew language is called from its licking up the fruits of the earth, by which it becomes barren: and that which the canker worm hath left hath the caterpillar eaten ; which has its name from wasting and consuming all that comes in its way: now these came not together, but followed one another; not one one year, and another the second, and so on throughout four years, as Kimchi thinks; for though the calamity lasted some years as is manifest from ( Joel 2:25); yet it is not reasonable, that, for instance what the palmer worm left the first year should remain in the fields and vineyards, on the fig trees and vines till the next year for the locust to consume and is on:, but rather these all appeared in succession in one and the same year; and so what the palmer worm left having eaten up what was most agreeable to them, the locust came and devoured what they had left; and then what they left was destroyed by the canker worm, which fed on that which was most grateful to them; and last of all came the caterpillar, and consumed all the others had left; and this might be continued for years successively: when this calamity was, we have no account in sacred history; whether it was in the seven years’ famine in the days of Elisha, or the same with what Amos speaks of, ( Amos 4:6-9); is not easy to say: and though it seems to be literally understood, as the drought later mentioned, yet might be typical of the enemies of the Jews succeeding one another in the destruction of them.
Not of the four monarchies, the Babylonians, Persians, Grecians, and Romans, as Lyra and Abarbinel; since the Persians particularly never entered into the land of Judea and wasted it; though this is the sense of the ancient Jews, as Jerom relates; for he says the Hebrews interpret the “palmer worm” of the Assyrians, Babylonians, and Chaldeans, who, coming from one climate of the world, destroyed both the ten and the two tribes, that is, all the people of Israel: the locust they interpret of the Medes and Persians, who, having overturned the Chaldean empire, carried the Jews captive: the “canker worm” is the Macedonians, and all the successors of Alexander; especially King Antiochus, surnamed Epiphanes, who like a canker worm sat in Judea, and devoured all the remains of the former kings, under whom were the wars of the Maccabees: the “caterpillar” they refer to the Roman empire, the fourth and last that oppressed the Jews, and drove them out of their borders. Nor of the several kings of Assyria and Babylon, who followed one another, and wasted first the ten tribes, and then the other two, as Tiglathpileser, Shalmaneser, Sennacherib, and Nebuchadnezzar, so Theodoret; since this prophecy only relates to the two tribes. Rather therefore this may point at the several invasions and incursions of the Chaldean army into Judea, under Nebuchadnezzar and his generals; first, when he came up against Jerusalem, and made Jehoiakim tributary to him; a second time, when he carried Jehoiachin and his family into Babylon, with a multitude of the Jews, and their wealth; a third time, when he besieged Jerusalem, and took it, and Zedekiah the king, and carried him captive; and a fourth time, when Nebuzaradan came and burnt the temple, and the houses of Jerusalem, and broke down the walls of it, and cleared the land of its inhabitants and riches; see ( 2 Kings 24:1-25:30).
Matthew Henry Commentary An exhortation to repentance. (Hos. 14:1-3) Blessings promised, showin the rich comforts of the gospel. (Hos. 14:4-8) The just and the wicked (Hos. 14:9)
Hos. 14:1-3 Israel is exhorted to return unto Jehovah, from their sin and idols, by faith in his mercy, and grace through the promise Redeemer, and by diligently attending on his worship and service. Tak away iniquity; lift it off as a burden we are ready to sink under, or as the stumbling-block we have often fallen over. Take it all away by free and full forgiveness, for we cannot strike any of it off. Receiv our prayer graciously. They do not say what good they seek, but refe it to God. It is not good of the world's showing, but good of God' giving. They were to consider their sins, their wants, and the remedy and they were to take, not sacrifices, but words stating the desires of their hearts, and with them to address the Lord. The whole forms clear description of the nature and tendency of a sinner's conversio to God through Jesus Christ. As we draw near to God by the prayer of faith, we should first beseech him to teach us what to ask. We must be earnest with him to take away all iniquity.
Hos. 14:4-8 Israel seeks God's face, and they shall not seek it is vain. His anger is turned from them. Whom God loves, he loves freely not because they deserve it, but of his own good pleasure. God will be to them all they need. The graces of the Spirit are the hidden manna hidden in the dew; the grace thus freely bestowed on them shall not be in vain. They shall grow upward, and be more flourishing; shall grow a the lily. The lily, when come to its height, is a lovely flower, Matt 6:28,29. They shall grow downward, and be more firm. With the flower of the lily shall be the strong root of the cedar of Lebanon. Spiritual growth consists most in the growth of the root, which is out of sight They shall also spread as the vine, whose branches extend very widely When believers abound in good works, then their branches spread. The shall be acceptable both to God and man. Holiness is the beauty of soul. The church is compared to the vine and the olive, which brin forth useful fruits. God's promises pertain to those only that atten on his ordinances; not such as flee to this shadow only for shelter in a hot gleam, but all who dwell under it. When a man is brought to God all who dwell under his shadow fare the better. The sanctifying fruit shall appear in his life. Thus believers grow up into the experienc and fruitfulness of the gospel. Ephraim shall say, God will put it int his heart to say it, What have I to do any more with idols! God' promises to us are more our security and our strength for mortifyin sin, than our promises to God. See the power of Divine grace. God wil work such a change in him, that he shall loathe the idols as much a ever he loved them. See the benefit of sanctified afflictions. Ephrai smarted for his idolatry, and this is the fruit, even the taking awa his sin, Is. 27:9. See the nature of repentance; it is a firm and fixe resolution to have no more to do with sin. The Lord meets penitent with mercy, as the father of the prodigal met his returning son. God will be to all true converts both a delight and a defence; they shal sit under his shadow with delight. And as the root of a tree; From m is thy fruit found: from Him we receive grace and strength to enable u to do our duty.
Hos. 14:9 Who profit by the truths the prophet delivered? Such as se themselves to understand and know these things. The ways of God' providence towards us are right; all is well done. Christ is Foundation Stone to some, to others a Stone of stumbling, and a Rock of offence. That which was ordained to life, becomes, through their abus of it, death to them. The same sun softens wax and hardens clay. But those transgressors certainly have the most dangerous, fatal falls, wh fall in the ways of God, who split on the Rock of Ages, and suck poiso out of the Balm of Gilead. Let sinners in Zion fear this. May we lear to walk in the right ways of God, as his righteous servants, and ma none of us be disobedient and unbelieving, and stumble at the word __________________________________________________________________
Original Hebrew יתר 3499 הגזם 1501 אכל 398 הארבה 697 ויתר 3499 הארבה 697 אכל 398 הילק 3218 ויתר 3499 הילק 3218 אכל 398 החסיל׃ 2625