SEV Biblia, Chapter 4:2 Y oró al SEÑOR, y dijo: Ahora, oh SEÑOR, Â¿no es esto lo que yo decía estando aún en mi tierra? Por eso me precaví huyendo a Tarsis; porque sabía yo que tú eres Dios clemente y compasivo, tardo en enojarte, y de grande misericordia, y que te arrepientes del mal.
Clarke's Bible Commentary - Jonah 4:2 Verse 2. I know that thou art a gracious God] See the note on Exod. xxxiv. 6.
John Gill's Bible Commentary Ver. 2. And he prayed unto the Lord , etc.] But in a very different manner from his praying in the fish’s belly: this was a very disorderly prayer, put up in the hurry of his spirit, and in the heat of passion: prayer should be fervent indeed, but not like that of a man in a fever; there should be a warmth and ardour of affection in it, but it should be without wrath, as well as without doubting: this is called a prayer, because Jonah thought it to be so, and put it up to the Lord as one. It begins in the form of a prayer; and it ends with a petition, though an unlawful one; and has nothing of true and right prayer in it; no celebration of the divine Being, and his perfections; no confession of sin, ore petition for any blessing of providence or grace; but mere wrangling, contending, and quarrelling with God: and said, I pray thee, O Lord, [was] not this my saying, when I was yet in my country ? in Judea, or in Galilee, at Gathhepher; was not this what I thought and said within myself, and to thee, that this would be the issue and consequence of going to the Ninevites; they would repent of their sins, and thou wouldst forgive them; and so thou wouldst be reckoned a liar, and I a false prophet? and now things are come to pass just as I thought and said they would: and thus he suggests that he had a greater or better foresight of things than God himself; and that it would have been better if his saying had been attended unto, and not the order of him to Nineveh; how audacious and insolent was this! therefore I fled before unto Tarshish ; before he could have a second order to Nineveh: here he justifies his flight to Tarshish, as if he had good reason for it; and that it would have been better if he had not been stopped in his flight, and had gone to Tarshish, and not have gone to Nineveh. This is amazing, after such severe corrections for his flight, and after such success at Nineveh: for I know that thou [art] a gracious God, and merciful, slow to anger , and of great kindness, and repentest thee of the evil ; this he knew from his own experience, for which he had reason to be thankful, and from the proclamation of God, in ( Exodus 34:6,7); which be seems to have respect unto; and a glorious one it is, though Jonah seems to twit and upbraid the Lord with his grace and mercy to men, as if it was a weakness and infirmity in him, whereas it is his highest glory, ( Exodus 33:18,19); he seems to speak of him, and represent him, as if he was all mercy, and nothing else; which is a wrong representation of him; for he is righteous as well as merciful; and in the same place where he proclaims himself to be so, he declares that he will “by no means clear the guilty”, ( Exodus 34:7 Numbers 14:18): but here we see that good men, and prophets, and ministers of the word, are men of like passions with others, and some of greater passions; and here we have an instance of the prevailing corruptions of good men, and how they break out again, even after they have been scourged for them; for afflictions, though they are corrections for sin, and do restrain it, and humble for it, and both purge and prevent it, yet do not wholly remove it.
Matthew Henry Commentary Verses 1-4 - What all the saints make matter of joy and praise, Jonah makes the subject of reflection upon God; as if showing mercy were a imperfection of the Divine nature, which is the greatest glory of it It is to his sparing, pardoning mercy, we all owe it that we are out of hell. He wishes for death: this was the language of folly, passion, an strong corruption. There appeared in Jonah remains of a proud uncharitable spirit; and that he neither expected nor desired the welfare of the Ninevites, but had only come to declare and witnes their destruction. He was not duly humbled for his own sins, and wa not willing to trust the Lord with his credit and safety. In this fram of mind, he overlooked the good of which he had been an instrument, an the glory of the Divine mercy. We should often ask ourselves, Is i well to say thus, to do thus? Can I justify it? Do I well to be so soo angry, so often angry, so long angry, and to give others ill languag in my anger? Do I well to be angry at the mercy of God to repentin sinners? That was Jonah's crime. Do we do well to be angry at tha which is for the glory of God, and the advancement of his kingdom? Le the conversion of sinners, which is the joy of heaven, be our joy, an never our grief.
Original Hebrew ויתפלל 6419 אל 413 יהוה 3069 ויאמר 559 אנה 577 יהוה 3069 הלוא 3808 זה 2088 דברי 1697 עד 5704 היותי 1961 על 5921 אדמתי 127 על 5921 כן 3651 קדמתי 6923 לברח 1272 תרשׁישׁה 8659 כי 3588 ידעתי 3045 כי 3588 אתה 859 אל 410 חנון 2587 ורחום 7349 ארך 750 אפים 639 ורב 7227 חסד 2617 ונחם 5162 על 5921 הרעה׃ 7451