SEV Biblia, Chapter 5:1 Â¶ Ahora serás cercada de ejércitos, oh hija de ejército; se pondrá cerco sobre nosotros; con vara herirán sobre la quijada al juez de Israel.
Clarke's Bible Commentary - Micah 5:1 Verse 1. O daughter of troops] The Chaldeans, whose armies were composed of troops from various nations.
He (Nebuchadnezzar) hath laid siege against us; (Jerusalem;) they shall smite the judge of Israel (Zedekiah) with a rod upon the cheek.] They shall offer him the greatest indignity. They slew his sons before his face; and then put out his eyes, loaded him with chains, and carried him captive to Babylon.
John Gill's Bible Commentary Ver. 1. Now gather thyself in troops, O daughter of troops , etc.] Not Jerusalem, full of people, called to draw out their forces, and fall upon the enemy besieging them, whether Chaldeans or Romans; but rather the Babylonians, whose armies were large, and their troops numerous; who are called upon by the people of God, encouraged by the foregoing prophecies, as well as by what follows, to come forth with all their forces, and muster up all their armies, and exert all the power and strength they had, thus suiting them; being assured, by the above promises, that in the issue they should prevail over all their enemies: unless the Romans should be intended, to whom this character of “daughter of troops” well agrees, of whose legions all have heard; and since the Babylonish attempt on Jerusalem, and the carrying the Jews captive into Babylon, are before predicted, with their deliverance from it, and what they should do in the times of the Maccabees; a prophecy of the Romans, or a representation of them, a gathering their troops and legions together to besiege Jerusalem, very naturally comes in here; he hath laid siege against us ; either Nebuchadnezzar, and the Chaldean army; or Vespasian with the Romans: this, according to the prophetic style, is spoken of as if actually done, because of the certainty of it; they shall smite the judge of Israel with a rod upon the cheek ; that is, either they, the besiegers, the king of Babylon and his army, when they shall have taken Jerusalem, besieged by them, shall use Zedekiah the king of Judah, and judge of Israel, and his princes and nobles, very ill, signified by this phrase; yea, in a very cruel and barbarous manner; first slaying his sons and his princes before his eyes, then putting his eyes out, binding him in chains, and carrying him to Babylon, and there laying him in a prison, ( Jeremiah 52:10,11); or else they, the besieged, would use the Messiah, the King, Judge, and Ruler in Israel, in such a spiteful and scandalous manner; and so the Messiah was to be used by them, who according to prophecy gave his cheek to them that plucked off the hair, and hid not his face from shame and spitting; and so Jesus, the true Messiah, was smitten, both with rods, and with the palms of men’s hands, and buffeted and spit upon, ( Isaiah 50:6 Matthew 26:67); and this is mentioned as a reason why Jerusalem would be encompassed with the Roman armies, and besieged by their troops and legions, and become desolate, even for their rejection and ill usage of the Messiah. Aben Ezra says, it is right in my eyes that the judge of Israel is the Messiah, or Zerubbabel; not the latter, who never was so used, but the former.
Matthew Henry Commentary Verses 1-6 - Having showed how low the house of David would be brought, a predictio of the Messiah and his kingdom is added to encourage the faith of God' people. His existence from eternity as God, and his office as Mediator are noticed. Here is foretold that Bethlehem should be his birthplace Hence it was universally known among the Jews, Mt 2:5. Christ' government shall be very happy for his subjects; they shall be safe an easy. Under the shadow of protection from the Assyrians, is a promis of protection to the gospel church and all believers, from the design and attempts of the powers of darkness. Christ is our Peace as Priest, making atonement for sin, and reconciling us to God; and he is our Peace as a King, conquering our enemies: hence our souls may dwel at ease in him. Christ will find instruments to protect and deliver Those that threaten ruin to the church of God, soon bring ruin of themselves. This may include the past powerful effects of the preache gospel, its future spread, and the ruin of all antichristian powers This is, perhaps, the most important single prophecy in the Ol Testament: it respects the personal character of the Messiah, and the discoveries of himself to the world. It distinguishes his human birt from his existing from eternity; it foretells the rejection of the Israelites and Jews for a season, their final restoration, and the universal peace to prevail through the whole earth in the latter days In the mean time let us trust our Shepherd's care and power. If he permits the assault of our enemies, he will supply helpers an assistance for us.
Original Hebrew עתה 6258 תתגדדי 1413 בת 1323 גדוד 1416 מצור 4692 שׂם 7760 עלינו 5921 בשׁבט 7626 יכו 5221 על 5921 הלחי 3895 את 853 שׁפט 8199 ישׂראל׃ 3478